What Is Your Philosophy Of Education Interview Question?


What Is Your Philosophy Of Education Interview Question
When employers ask this question, they’re looking for insight into how you’ll perform your teaching duties. Your response should address your teaching methods, your beliefs about the learning process and at least one example of your skills and abilities in a classroom or training environment.
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What is your philosophy of education?

What is a philosophy of education? – A philosophy of education is a set of beliefs and guiding principles for teachers. It helps you make decisions about how you teach your students. It’s also a useful tool when it comes time to communicate your beliefs to other people, including:

ParentsYour teaching teamSchool administratorsPotential employers in a job interview

Creating a philosophy of education is a great way to set teaching goals for yourself, and can even help you identify areas for further professional development, Some educational philosophies are short and sweet, while others are one to two pages long and have more detail. Shorter versions are appropriate for a quick summary on a classroom website or resume.
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What is a good example of philosophy of education?

LECTURER Interview Questions & Answers! (PASS your University or College Lecturer Interview!)

Teaching Philosophy Examples – Here are some examples of teaching philosophy statements from real teachers. Note that each statement will not follow all of the prompts above, but this is because each statement should be unique and personal to each educator.

  1. My philosophy of education is that all children are unique and must have a stimulating educational environment where they can grow mentally, emotionally, and socially.
  2. It is my desire to create this type of atmosphere where students can meet their full potential.
  3. I will provide a safe environment where students are invited to share their ideas and take risks.

They should be able to have choices and let their curiosity direct their learning as I operate as a facilitator.” Mr.B., Language Arts, 5th & 6th grade
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How do you answer philosophy of education?

Your response should address your teaching methods, your beliefs about the learning process and at least one example of your skills and abilities in a classroom or training environment.
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What are the 5 philosophy of education?

The Five Philosophies of Education “Education is not to be viewed as something like filling a vessel with water but, rather, assisting a flower to grow in its own way” – Bertrand Russell. The purpose of education is embodied through its five philosophies: Essentialism, Perennialism, Progressivism, Existentialism and Behaviourism.

  • What may seem like just complicated words are, in fact, principles that underpin the education system we employ today.
  • These concepts dictate the way we educate our youth and the way in which we, ourselves, are taught.
  • It is important that we understand these prominent philosophies that play such a significant role in our lives.

Essentialism is the traditional approach to education. It is so named because it endeavours to equip students with the “essentials” of scholastic information and character development. It plays a salient role in the education system today, with most students expected to take a variety of subjects (including Mathematics, English, Science, a language, History, etc.) in the first nine to ten years of their education.

  • It’s aim is to instil in young people certain skills and core values that will stay with them for the rest of their lives and guide their decisions and choices in the future.
  • Perennialism, the roots of which can be dated back to Plato and Aristotle, is an educational philosophy that states one should teach that that will have an everlasting effect on the receiver, namely useful skills such as art, music, literature and poetry.

This theory encourages students to employ scientific reasoning in life, and to think rationally. Perennialists stress that the personal development of students should be at the forefront of every lesson and every teacher’s mind. It aims to help individuals think methodically, logically and systematically.

‘Perennial’, originating from the Latin ‘per’ (through) and ‘annus’ (year) means everlasting, espousing the notion that some ideas, conceived centuries ago, are still relevant today and thus should be taught to individuals who can go on to utilise these principles in the future. Not unlike perennialism, progressivism aims to arouse curiosity and push students to a higher level of knowledge and understanding.

Developed by John Dewey, this theory intends to make the academic curriculum more relevant to the needs and interests of their students, as well as imploring them to interact with one another and hold discussions. It also digresses from the traditional approach to education, with lessons not focusing on one discipline at a time, but students instead being able to learn three or four different subjects at once.

The effect Dewey’s movement has had on schools and universities all around the world is nothing short of remarkable, with progressivism stimulating schools to broaden their curricula and break away from simply learning the core subjects. Educational existentialism developed from a strong rejection of the conventional, essentialist approach to education, much as its namesake arose from a strong rejection of traditional philosophy.

Existentialists vehemently deny the existence of any authoritative source of objective truth in metaphysics, epistemology, or ethics. Individuals must instead ascertain what is “beautiful” or “ugly” and “right” or “wrong,” for themselves, as everyone’s opinion will be different in some way.

  • There is no universal human nature, according to existentialists, and every one of us has the freedom to evolve as we see fit.
  • As neatly summarised by Jean-Paul Sartre: “Man is nothing else but what he makes of himself.
  • Such is the first principle of existentialism.” The concept that free will is an illusion underpins behaviourism.

In keeping with absolute behavourialists, human beings are shaped entirely by their external environment, such as their educational setting and upbringing. This means that it is easy to alter an individual’s mind. In congruence with changing someone’s environment, that person’s ideas, emotions and conduct will adapt to the new environment.

Founded in the early twentieth century by the American John Watson, and Russian Ivan Pavlov (both psychologists), behaviourism dictates that when individuals perform what is seen as a ‘good behaviour’, one should provide them with positive supplementation, and they will soon learn to do it of their own accord.

These schools of thought, each of which offer a very different approach as to how the education of young people should be tackled, are often overlooked by students, teachers and those influential and high up in our education system. Although each one is, in their own right, incredibly arduous to emulate and follow, they all encapsulate and lead to what everyone strives for in life.
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What is the best philosophy of education and why?

Progressivism – It is a student-centric philosophy that believes in learning by experimentation. It believes that learning comes from finding answers to questions. If this philosophy of education is followed in the classroom, students are set free to develop their own beliefs.
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What is philosophy of education in simple words?

What is an education philosophy? – A philosophy of education is a statement (or set of statements) that identifies and clarifies the beliefs, values and understandings of an individual or group with respect to education. Defined in this sense, it may be thought of as a more-or-less organised body of knowledge and opinion on education, both as it is conceptualised and as it is practiced.
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What is a positive philosophy of education?

Positive education is founded on the three pillars of positive psychology: the achievement of positive subjective experiences; positive individual characteristics; and positive institutions and communities (Seligman, 2002.
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What are the 4 most important philosophical thoughts on education?

They are Perennialism, Essentialism, Progressivism, and Reconstructionism. These educational philosophies focus heavily on WHAT we should teach, the curriculum aspect.
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What are the 4 pillars of education?

2. THE FOUR PILLARS OF EDUCATION FOR THE 21 st CENTURY – The four pillars of Education for the 21 st century that Jacques Delors (2001) refers to UNESCO, in the form of a report, comprises: Learning to Know, Learning to do, Learning to Live and Learning to Be. We present below a brief discussion of each of these pillars.
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What is the most common teaching philosophy?

Types of Teaching Philosophies – What Is Your Philosophy Of Education Interview Question We can break down the different types of teaching philosophies into three main categories: student-centered philosophies, teacher-centered philosophies, and society-centered philosophies. It is important to note that all of these philosophies are a combination of two or more schools of thought in educational philosophy, e.g., Idealism and Existentialism.

  1. The following are the main philosophies of education: Perennials are teachers who believe that knowledge passed through the ages should continue to be part of the curriculum, i.e., the classic work Plato, Einstein, or Thomas Edison.
  2. Perennials focus their teachings on logic, analytical thinking, and reasoning.

To them, only fixed information over the ages is relevant, and they do not consider student input. The classes that fall under this approach would be physics, chemistry, science, math, religion, and history. Perennialism is a subject-centered philosophy in which the educator teaches students to think rationally.

  • A perennial classroom is organized and well-disciplined, and teachers try to guide the thought process of students towards appreciation of great works such as literature and science discoveries.
  • In this teaching philosophy, the teacher is the main actor on the stage.
  • Teachers who value positivism use documented facts and tangible truths as their anchor points.

These teachers don’t believe that religion and the supernatural should be part of the human thinking process. They consider the idea of uncertainty and the unknown as illogical. Positivism describes an approach to education that uses scientific evidence such as statistics and experiments to reveal a truth about how a society functions.

  1. It replaces political and religious ideas with pure science.
  2. The classes that fall under this approach could be engineering, computer science, theoretical physics, and biology.
  3. Behaviorists believe in pain and gain through rewards and punishments.
  4. This is a control-based approach to teaching in which educators believe that humans react to internal or external stimuli due to their intrinsic nature.
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This teacher-centered system gives full control to the educator, who maintains the classroom environment based on student’s behavior. Many people see behaviorism as a form of classroom management to maintain discipline. Teachers use intrinsic and extrinsic rewards whenever students perform a desired behavior.

The same concept applies to punishments. Essentialism is a teacher-centered philosophy that aims to teach basic skills. Essentialists believe that there is a universal pool of knowledge up for grabs and the fundamentals of teaching are the basis of the curriculum: science, history, math, and English, etc.

This educational philosophy advocates training the mind by focusing on transmitting a series of difficult topics for the promotion of students to the next level. Essentialism is a common model in American public schools, and a typical day at an essentialist school might have 7 periods of different classes.

The teachers impart knowledge by giving lectures while students take notes and solve problems. The term ends with an assessment of the covered syllabus, and students continue the same daily schedule for a year. Evaluations are predominantly through quizzes, exams, and projects. Progressivism is a student-centered form of teaching philosophy.

Here, students follow the scientific method of questioning, and teachers evaluate them by assigning projects and portfolios. However, instead of dictating and controlling the teaching process, progressivists facilitate students with what they need. A great example of a progressivist is Scott Clarke, the middle school teacher from Stranger Things.

  • Progressivists are active learners and believe that individuality, change, and progress are essential for education.
  • Teachers believe that students learn best from what they consider most relevant in their lives, so they base their curricula on the needs, experiences, interests, and abilities of students.

They promote collaboration using group activities and problem-solving to focus on them, not the content or the teacher. Reconstructionism is another student-centered philosophy that strives to instill a desire in students to make the world a better place.

  • Reconstructionists focus on controversial world issues and current events to fuel their thinking process.
  • These educators teach students the value of working together to bring about change by incorporating the curriculum with trending world events.
  • These teachers are often activists of a movement or cause, such as global warming, war, pollution, world hunger, and deforestation.

The idea of Reconstructionism is to address social questions and join the quest to create a better society. Plus, Theodore Brameld founded this philosophy in reaction to the realities of World War II, which serves as a perfect example. Conservatism is the belief the educational institutions should function according to their original purpose.

  • It devalues any concepts that have not been maintained throughout history and should not be restored or be part of the curriculum.
  • Conservatives believe and value traditional, historical, and generally-accepted practices related to marriage, abortion, human rights, and feminism, etc.
  • For example, they believe in traditional family systems with two parents, marriage between individuals of opposite genders, and freedom of speech.

In terms of education, Conservatives believe in traditional exams and classrooms while opposing the idea of modern education methods such as online learning. Constructivists believe in active participation. A typical classroom contains students who are free to explore their ideas and share concepts in non-traditional ways.

  • It is among the most effective ways of learning today and one of the go-to teaching philosophies teachers are trying to own.
  • Constructivism recognizes the fact that learners construct knowledge based on their beliefs and experiences rather than passively take in information.
  • Teachers use students’ experiences of the world to help them build their representations and incorporate new information.

It’s almost like adding words to the dictionary or writing a poem. Romantics believe in the natural goodness of people is hindered by urbanization. Even though it is an outdated practice, Romanticism was a teaching philosophy between the 17 th and 18 th centuries.

It emphasizes emotional self-awareness to improve society and mental health. Romantics believed in knowledge through intuition rather than deduction, and this student-centered approach focused on differentiation with no set curricula, formal classes, or tests. In a typical classroom of Romantics, students decided what they wanted to learn, and in many cases, they were expected to learn them on their own.

However, the difference lies in what they were learning as education mostly involved learning survival and labor skills. Even though this educational philosophy faded out over time, you can still find elements of it in modern education, such as psychology, engineering, and design.

Today, there are thousands of courses and software students can choose to learn themselves and on their own. Also, among the student-centered types of teaching philosophies, Humanism is based on the idea that students should have the choice in the learning process. In this model, students engage themselves in all aspects of learning with the teacher and peers to develop a curriculum and evaluation system specifically for that class.

Unlike most traditional practices, it considers the individual interests and abilities of students to bring out the best of them. More importantly, teachers give students the center-stage allowing them to plan, collaborate, and make decisions together.

Nationalists showcase their love for their country and natural spirit and use it to teach students in ways that tie the interests of a nation to the symbols that represent it. While the curriculum remains the same, teachers often impart biased information to students that lean in favor of their country using their perceptions of reality.

For instance, teachers that follow this philosophy, especially in adversary countries, often try to highlight aspects favorable to their country while discussing with students. A great example of this is American Exceptionalism, which implies that the United States is a special country.

Exceptionalists believe that they need to teach American students that their country is exceptional. Ethno-Nationalism is similar to nationalism, but instead of loyalty lying with one’s country, it lies with one’s ethnic or racial group. An ethnic-nationalist teaching philosophy creates resistance to the cultural and educational imposition by other groups.

However, it also uses it positively to preserve the unique characteristics of a particular ethnic group. For example, many teachers use the ethnic ‘mother tongue’ to teach in class rather than the official national language of the classroom. Another way educational institutions promote ethnonationalism is by including the ethnic group’s literature, history, traditions, food, and sports, etc.

Liberal educational philosophy is a system of course of education designed for the cultivation of a free human being. Liberalism aims to empower individuals with not only intellect, broader knowledge, and transferable skills but also a stronger sense of ethics, social responsibility, and values. With a liberal approach to learning, teachers prepare students to deal with complexity, diversity, and change without compromising essential knowledge of human cultures and the physical world.

According to Marxists, the school teaches students to passively or reluctantly obey authority, which results in class inequality. They see the education system as working in favor of the ruling class elites. The Marxist approach to teaching is similar to constructivism – it promotes activity, collaboration, and criticism but does not encourage passive absorption of knowledge.
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What are the 8 philosophy of education?

5 Things That Educators Should Know About the Philosophy of Education The word philosophy is derived from two Greek words. The first word, philo, means “love.” The second, sophy, means “wisdom.” Literally, then, philosophy means “love of wisdom” (Power, 1982).

Each individual has an attitude toward life, children, politics, learning, and previous personal experiences that informs and shapes their set of beliefs. Although you may not be conscious of it, this set of beliefs, or personal philosophy, informs how you live, work, and interact with others. What you believe is directly reflected in both your teaching and learning processes.

This article explores the various philosophical views influence the teaching profession. It is important to understand how philosophy and education are interrelated. In order to become the most effective teacher you can be, you must understand your own beliefs, while at the same time empathizing with others.

In this chapter we will examine the study of philosophy, the major branches of philosophy, and the major philosophical schools of thought in education. You will have a chance to examine how these schools of thought can help you define your personal educational philosophy. Developing your own educational philosophy is a key part of your journey to becoming a teacher.

In this article, we will discuss the 5 things that educators should know about the philosophy of education. What are the major branches of philosophy? The four main branches of philosophy are metaphysics, epistemology, axiology, and logic. Metaphysics considers questions about the physical universe and the nature of ultimate reality.

  1. Epistemology examines how people come to learn what they know.
  2. Axiology is the study of fundamental principles or values.
  3. Logic pursues the organization of the reasoning process.
  4. Logic can be divided into two main components: deductive reasoning, which takes general principles and relates them to a specific case; and inductive reasoning, which builds up an argument based on specific examples.

What are the major schools of thought in philosophy? Idealism can be divided into three categories: classical, religious, and modern. Classical idealism, the philosophy of the Greeks Socrates and Plato, searches for an absolute truth. Religious idealism tries to reconcile God and humanity.

Modern idealism, stemming from the ideas of Descartes, links perception and existence. Realism, the school of thought founded by Aristotle, believes that the world of matter is separate from human perceptions. Modern realist thought has led to the “blank slate” notion of human capabilities. Pragmatism believes that we should select the ideas, actions, and consequences with the most desirable outcome, as well as learning from previous experiences to achieve desirable consequences.

John Dewey’s Experimentalism brought the scientific method of inductive reasoning to the educational sphere. Postmodernism and existentialism focus on intricate readings of texts and social and political conventions, examining existing structures for flaws.

Essentially, they focus heavily on the present, and on understanding life as we know it. Jacques Derrida’s deconstruction methods of reading texts suggests that universal rationality is not found in objective reality, but in the text. Michel Foucault, another postmodern philosopher, examined the relationship between truth and power.

What are the major philosophies of education? The major philosophies of education can be broken down into three main types: teacher-centered philosophies, student-centered philosophies, and society-centered philosophies. These include Essentialism, Perennialism, Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism, Existentialism, Behaviorism, Constructivism, Conservatism, and Humanism.

Essentialism and Perennialism are the two types of teacher-centered philosophies of education. Essentialism is currently the leading style of public education in the United States. It is the teaching of basic skills that have been proven over time to be needed in society. Perennialism focuses on the teaching of great works.

There are three types of student-centered philosophies of education. Progressivism focuses on developing the student’s moral compass. Humanism is about fostering each student to his or her fullest potential. Constructivism focuses on using education to shape a student’s world view.

  • There are two types of socially-centered philosophies of education.
  • Reconstructionism is the perspective that education is the means to solve social problems.
  • Behaviorism focuses on cultivating behaviors that are beneficial to society.
  • What additional ideologies of educational philosophy exist? Other notable ideologies of educational philosophy include Nationalism, American Exceptionalism, Ethno-nationalism, Liberalism, Conservatism, and Marxism.
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Nationalism is a national spirit, or love of country, that ties the interests of a nation to the symbols that represent it. American Exceptionalism is a form of Nationalism that implies that the United States is a special country that is privileged to have a manifest destiny.

  1. Ethno-nationalism is similar to nationalism, but rather than the loyalty lying with one’s nation, it lies with one’s ethnic or racial group.
  2. Liberalism is the ideology that people should enjoy the greatest possible individual freedoms and that it should be guaranteed by due process of law.
  3. The opposite of liberalism is conservatism.

Conservatism is the belief that institutions should function according to their intended original purpose and any concepts that have not been maintained should be restored. Finally, Marxism is an ideological and political movement that focuses on the class system as a form of conflict within the social, political, and educational realms.

  • How is an educator’s educational philosophy determined? It is important to identify your own philosophy of education in order to understand your own system of values and beliefs so that you are easily able to describe your teaching style to potential employers.
  • While writing your own personal philosophy of education statement, it is vital to address several key components: How do I think? What is the purpose of education? What is the role of the teacher? How should the teacher teach? What is the role of the student? What should be taught? Additionally, make sure that you be yourself and are clear and concise.

Do some research about the school you are applying for and address their missions and goals in your statement. Remember that education is about the students and also remember to focus on your discipline. Think of the great teachers you have had in your life.
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What are the 6 types of philosophy of education?

In life it is important to understand who you are as a person, what you believe in and what you hold to be real Dan Reed EDU 200-D Phi. Of Edu.10/20/05 My Philosophy of Education In life it is important to understand who you are as a person, what you believe in and what you hold to be real.

  1. These values are important because they dictate what you do in your life as well as how you act and react to situations that you may face.
  2. This concept holds no less importance or value in the profession of teaching.
  3. Who you are as a person and what you believe in controls what you will be like as a teacher.

Your philosophy as a teacher is important because it leads to, among other aspects, exactly how you present yourself, your material and how you develop you students. Figuring out what precisely your personal philosophy is helps you to understand what kind of teacher you want to be.

For the most part there are six main areas of educational philosophy that teachers can fall into. Sometimes a teacher can have one main philosophy that he or she feels suits them perfectly. It is also possible that a teacher may combine two philosophies that they may feel contour better to their beliefs.

These six main areas of educational philosophy are perennialism, essentialism, behaviorism, progressivism, reconstructionism, and existentialism. These philosophical areas evolved and broadened from the four classical views of philosophy to shape to the different styles of teachers in today’s schools.

Those classical views were idealism, realism, pragmatism and existentialism. These classical philosophies evolved as a result of the changing landscapes of teaching. They had adapted to form the six areas we have come to understand today. When trying to understand what type of philosophy it is you as a teacher want to categorize and substantially implicate into your teaching, it is important to first find out who you are as a person.

What is important to you in life, how you learn best, how you think others learn best and what is real to you are all important questions to ask yourself. For me, I feel I fall into two main philosophies, progressivism and existentialism. Progressivism being the philosophy that says ideas should be tested to find their truths.

This philosophy also says the value of questions from students are very important because it leads to learning. Progressivism involves both cross discipline learning and problem solving in its instruction. It states that learning occurs best when students are involved and experiencing ideas for themselves.

In relation existentialism says that Self-actualization, or knowing who you are before you can learn, is very important. Free will, free choice and the expression of ones own feelings are also all important aspects of existentialism. I feel like I fall into these two categories for a number of reasons.

I have always thought of myself as a free thinker and someone who likes to incorporate a lot of different aspects and experiences into what I do. I enjoy studying those things that I find interesting and engaging. In my classroom I would encourage my students to speak out on their interests, concerns, ideas and comments.

As a teacher I would try and find out what it is my students enjoy and feel is important. I would in turn use that information to balance my lessons and curriculum. I would also try to incorporate different subjects into my teaching as well, i.e. history into a philosophy class and visa versa.

I would do this to illustrate how a diverse education is important. I feel this way because when you understand different aspects of learning or disciplines it is much easier to relate to and compare certain subjects. This side of my personality I feel is suited well by both existentialism and progressivism.

Both categories have aspects of my feelings and beliefs on the abovementioned topics. Another aspect I feel that has driven me to my philosophical beliefs is my own experience in the classroom. I have always felt I have learned much better when I was given the chance to experience and question for myself the material I was being taught.

When I am lectured to I certainly retain the material but it is not always easily retrieved when I need it. On the other hand when I experiment, experience, or am involved in someway to what is being taught, I seem to retain the information much better. As a teacher I would like to present my students with a variety of activities that would stimulate them to learn in a different manner than they might be used to.

I would want them to be active participants in the classroom and in the work I would be doing with them. I would encourage them to question both what they were being taught, and myself as well as to have the desire to find out more. I think this would create a stimulus that may help them to retain the subject matter in a way they could relate to.

  1. These are the reasons I believe I feel so strongly about progressivism as a philosophy of education.
  2. I have found that I also believe that the involvement of my philosophies will encourage my students to be more engaged in what they are learning.
  3. I feel as if the two philosophies together create excited students who are willing to accept learning and teaching alike.

I think that engagement would definitely direct them to participate actively in classroom activities and discussions. I feel that if students have this type of engagement it would make schools and learning both fun and enjoyable for both students and teachers.

  • Of course aside from my desired two philosophies there are areas of the others I also find appealing.
  • Just because I fall into two main categories does not mean there are aspects of the others I do not find appealing or applicable.
  • Some of these aspects I find useful are that perennialists believe there are everlasting truths in education.

Those are the underlying themes that are always constant in learning. I think this is true. Another aspect I can relate to is the concept that behaviorists stress organization. I feel an organized person has a much more clear view of what he or she has to accomplish, whether that be a teacher or student.

If you can see what needs to be done it is much easier to complete. A final example of my margins of philosophy is how reconstructionalists preach engagement of change. Change can sometimes be a very good thing. Whether it be changing the landscape of society or changing how something is presented in class.

Sometimes switching things up can benefit everyone. But just because I feel these concepts are admirable does not change my true philosophies. As a person and a teacher it is important to make the distinction between what you just agree with and what you truly feel is vital to your life and teaching.

It is important to know what you are passionate about. I agree with the fore-mentioned aspects of educational philosophy but I truly feel that progressivism and existentialism suite me much better as a perspective teacher. As a someday-teacher I feel that if I practice the beliefs of progressivism and existentialism I will be successful.

The results of the two philosophies combined, I feel, will create the ideal learning environment for both the instructor and the student. I feel as if my personality, beliefs and overall attitude reflect on the philosophies I have chosen. I also think that my demeanor and attitude will work congruently with those philosophies to make for the best learning situations.
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What are the 4 basic philosophy?

What You Need to Know as an Educator: Understanding the 4 Main Branches of Philosophy Some may argue that philosophy is the essence of education and without knowing your philosophy how can you learn, how can you teach, how can you live? In this article the four main branches of philosophy will be discussed as an overview to aid in understanding the importance of philosophy as a teacher, educator, parent, or student.

  1. The word philosophy is derived from two Greek words.
  2. The first word, philo, means “love.” The second, sophy, means “wisdom.” Literally, then, philosophy means “love of wisdom”.
  3. Each individual has an attitude toward life, children, politics, learning, and previous personal experiences that informs and shapes their set of beliefs.
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Although you may not be conscious of it, this set of beliefs, or personal philosophy, informs how you live, work, and interact with others. What you believe is directly reflected in both your teaching and learning processes. This chapter explores the various philosophical views that influence the teaching profession.

Although the role of Eastern philosophy in the history of the world and in education has been significant, this chapter focuses on the role of Western philosophy in shaping the educational philosophies prevalent in the United States. It is important to understand how philosophy and education are interrelated.

To become the most effective teacher you can be, you must understand your own beliefs, while at the same time empathizing with others. Developing your own educational philosophy is a key part of your journey to becoming a teacher. To understand the foundations of educational philosophies, it’s necessary to first examine philosophy’s four main branches.

  • Understanding educational philosophy will contribute to the understanding of how these foundations have given rise to what is commonly practiced and believed in the classroom today.
  • The four main branches of philosophy are metaphysics, epistemology, axiology, and logic.
  • Metaphysics Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that considers the physical universe and the nature of ultimate reality.

It asks questions like, What is real? What is the origin of the world? What is beyond the stars? Your consideration of reality as an external creation or an internal construct can influence your metaphysical beliefs and perspectives and your teaching.

Regardless of your definition of reality, the exploration and categorization of the physical universe form the foundation of several school subjects. Epistemology Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that considers how people come to learn what they know. Derived from the Greek word episteme, meaning knowledge or understanding, epistemology refers to the nature and origin of knowledge and truth.

Epistemology proposes that there are four main bases of knowledge: divine revelation, experience, logic and reason, and intuition. These influence how teaching, learning, and understanding come about in the classroom. Axiology Axiology is the branch of philosophy that considers the study of principles and values.

  1. These values are divided into two main kinds: ethics and aesthetics.
  2. Ethics is the questioning of morals and personal values.
  3. Aesthetics is the examination of what is beautiful, enjoyable, or tasteful.
  4. In axiology education is more than just about knowledge but also quality of life.
  5. Logic Logic is the branch of philosophy that seeks to organize reasoning.

Students of logic learn how to think in a structurally sound manner. Logic has two types: deductive and inductive reasoning. Deductive reasoning involves examining a general case, deducing a general set of rules or principles, and then applying these rules to specific cases.
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What is philosophy and aim of education?

Curriculum – An important and controversial issue in the philosophy of education concerns the contents of the curriculum, i.e. the question of what should be taught to students. This includes both the selection of subjects to be taught and the consideration of arguments for and against the inclusion of a particular topic.

This issue is intimately tied to the aims of education: one may argue that a certain subject should be included in the curriculum because it serves one of the aims of education. While many positions about what subjects to include in the curriculum are controversial, some particular issues stand out where these controversies go beyond the academic discourse to a wide public discourse, like questions about sexual and religious education,

Controversies in sex education involve both biological aspects, such as the functioning of sex organs, and social aspects, such as sexual practices and gender identities, Disagreements in this area concern which aspects are taught and in which detail as well as to which age groups these teachings should be directed.

  • Debates on religious education include questions like whether religion should be taught as a distinct subject and, if so, whether it should be compulsory.
  • Other questions include which religion or religions should be taught and to what degree religious views should influence other topics, such as ethics or sex education.

Another prominent topic in this field concerns the subject of moral education, This field is sometimes referred to as “educational ethics”. Disagreements in this field concern which moral beliefs and values should be taught to the students. This way, many of the disagreements in moral philosophy are reflected in the field of moral education.

  1. Some theorists in the Kantian tradition emphasize the importance of moral reasoning and enabling children to become morally autonomous agents who can tell right from wrong.
  2. Theorists in the Aristotelian tradition, on the other hand, focus more on moral habituation through the development of virtues that concern both perception, affect, and judgment in regard to moral situations.

A related issue, heavily discussed in ancient philosophy, is the extent to which morality can be taught at all instead of just being an inborn disposition. Various discussions also concern the role of art and aesthetics in public education. It has been argued that the creativity learned in these areas can be applied to various other fields and may thereby benefit the student in various ways.

It has been argued that aesthetic education also has indirect effects on various other issues, such as shaping the student’s sensibilities in the fields of morality and politics as well as heightening their awareness of self and others. Some researchers reject the possibility of objectivity in general.

They use this claim to argue against universal forms of education, which they see as hiding particular worldviews, beliefs, and interests under a false cover. This is sometimes utilized to advance an approach focused on more diversity, for example, by giving more prominence in education to the great variety of cultures, customs, languages, and lifestyles without giving preference to any of them.
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What is an example of philosophy as a teacher?

Examples of Teaching Philosophy Statements – Sample 1 This passage is an example of a strong statement of teaching philosophy because it puts students where they belong in education: at the front and center of a teacher’s focus. An author who writes such as a statement is likely to continuously examine and verify this philosophy by always ensuring that student needs are the primary focus of all lessons and schoolwork.

  • My philosophy of education is that all children are unique and must have a stimulating educational environment where they can grow physically, mentally, emotionally, and socially.
  • It is my desire to create this type of atmosphere where students can meet their full potential.
  • I will provide a safe environment where students are invited to share their ideas and take risks.

“I believe that there are five essential elements that are conducive to learning. (1) The teacher’s role is to act as a guide. (2) Students must have access to hands-on activities. (3) Students should be able to have choices and let their curiosity direct their learning.

(4) Students need the opportunity to practice skills in a safe environment. (5) Technology must be incorporated into the school day.” Sample 2 The following statement is a good example of a teaching philosophy because the author emphasizes that all classrooms, and indeed all students, are unique and have specific learning needs and styles.

A teacher with such a philosophy is likely to ensure that she spends time helping each student achieve her highest potential. “I believe that all children are unique and have something special that they can bring to their own education. I will assist my students to express themselves and accept themselves for who they are, as well embrace the differences of others.

“Every classroom has its own unique community; my role as the teacher will be to assist each child in developing their own potential and learning styles. I will present a curriculum that will incorporate each different learning style, as well as make the content relevant to the students’ lives. I will incorporate hands-on learning, cooperative learning, projects, themes, and individual work that engage and activate students learning.” Sample 3 This statement provides a solid example because the author emphasizes the moral objective of teaching: that she will hold each student to the highest expectations and ensure that each one is diligent in her studies.

Implied in this statement is that the teacher will not give up on even a single recalcitrant student. “I believe that a teacher is morally obligated to enter the classroom with only the highest of expectations for each and every one of her students. Thus, the teacher maximizes the positive benefits that naturally come along with any self-fulfilling prophecy.

  • With dedication, perseverance, and hard work, her students will rise to the occasion.” “I aim to bring an open mind, a positive attitude, and high expectations to the classroom each day.
  • I believe that I owe it to my students, as well as the community, to bring consistency, diligence, and warmth to my job in the hope that I can ultimately inspire and encourage such traits in the children as well.” Sample 4 The following statement takes a slightly different tack: Classrooms should be warm and caring communities.

Unlike the previous statements, this one minimizes the individuality of students and emphasizes that, essentially, it take a village to foster truly community-based learning. All teaching strategies then, such as morning meetings and community problem solving, follow this philosophy.

“I believe that a classroom should be a safe, caring community where children are free to speak their mind and blossom and grow. I will use strategies to ensure our classroom community will flourish, like the morning meeting, positive vs. negative discipline, classroom jobs, and problem-solving skills.

“Teaching is a process of learning from your students, colleagues, parents, and the community. This is a lifelong process where you learn new strategies, new ideas, and new philosophies. Over time, my educational philosophy may change, and that’s okay.
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What is the 3 example of philosophy?

This course examines the main areas of philosophy, which include ethics, epistemology, and metaphysics.
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