What Is The Primary Function Of Chloroplasts Open Study?

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What Is The Primary Function Of Chloroplasts Open Study
Chloroplasts produce energy through photosynthesis and oxygen-release processes, which sustain plant growth and crop yield.
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What is the primary function of a chloroplast quizizz?

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Look at the following plant cell on the white board. The organelle _ within a plant cell, and some other organisms, captures energy from sunlight and changes it to an energy form that cells can use in making food. chloroplast lysosomes mitochondria nucleus Look at the animal and plant cells above. The organelle _ within both plants and animal cells is a small grain-shaped organelle in the cytoplasm of a cell that produces protein. chloroplast ribosomes golgi apparatus endoplasmic reticulum Which of the following organelles is responsible for many of the cell’s activities, and also contains the cell’s genetic material (DNA). cell membrane mitochondria nucleus endoplasmic reticulum Prokaryotic cells are simple cells, like bacteria, which do not contain a nucleus but, like all cells, have a cell membrane and are filled with a thick liquid known as _. chloroplast nucleoid cytoplasm chromatin Which of the following events would occur if plant cells could not perform the life process of cellular respiration? Plant cells make their own carbohydrates, in turn, plant cells would not be able to create their own carbohydrates. The cells would starve, and die if they could not perform the life process of cellular respiration. Plant cells reproduce by the nucleus, in turn, the plant cells would not be able to reproduce. The cells would eventually go extinct if they could not perform the life process of cellular respiration. Plant cells have cytoplasm that holds all the cells organelles in place, in turn, plant cells would not be able to hold the organelles together. The plant cells would eventually dry up, and die if they could not perform the life process of cellular respiration. none of the answers are correct As we already know, all eukaryotic cells contain a nucleus. Which of the following organelles is in virtually all eukaryotic cells? mitochondria cell wall chloroplasts Central Water Vacuoles Why do you think the nucleus is so important inside the eukaryotic animal cell? The nucleus is important in that it is the storage area for food. The food storage area is made by the nucleus, and aids in the transport of vital minerals that break down food. The nucleus is important in that it contains the chromosomes and DNA. The nucleus is responsible for cellular division, within which it replicates the DNA, and creates a new cell. The nucleus is important in that it breaks down energy and releases it to the cell. The nucleus is know as the “powerhouse” of the cell, within which it provides the cell with cellular respiration. The nucleus is important in that it receives the proteins from other organelles, breaks them down, and distributes energy to the cell. Chloroplasts are very important within a plant cell. How are chloroplasts vital in maintaining life functions for plant cell activity? Chloroplasts provide the plant cell with a thin flexible membrane that surrounds the cell. The cell is able to allow certain materials inside the cell, and release water material outside the cell. Chloroplasts provide the plant cell with a gel-like fluid that fills the region between the cell membrane and the nucleus. The chloroplasts allow for movement within the plant cell. Chloroplasts are a rod shaped organelle that converts DNA replication occur. The Chloroplasts allow for cellular division by mitosis. Chloroplasts are an organelle in the plant cell that captures energy from sunlight, and changes it to an energy from that plant cell can use in making food. This process can be commonly known as photosynthesis. _ is the tendency of a cell to maintain the conditions necessary for survival. For example, _ helps a cell maintain a stable temperature and the proper amount of water. In turn, Cellular Respiration is the process that transforms chemical energy into other types of energy needed for life. Cellular Synthesis Cellular Respiration Homeostasis Protein Synthesis Which of the following is the life processes that cells perform that transforms chemical energy into other types of energy needed for life. protein synthesis cellular regulation cellular respiration adapting to an environment How are prokaryotic cells, like bacteria, similar to eukaryotic cells, like animal and plant cells? Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic cells contain a nucleus that acts as the brain of the cell, within which the nucleus directs all cellular function. Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic cells contain a cell wall & chloroplasts that provide specific functions to both prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic cells contain multiple organelles including a cell membrane and cytoplasm, within which both perform similar functions throughout both cells. none of the answers are correct, this is due to that prokaryotic cells are completely different from eukaryotic cells. As we already know, both eukaryotic cells and prokaryotic cells contain the organelle cytoplasm. Why is cytoplasm an important organelle in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells? Cytoplasm is the tiny particles found within cells. Cytoplasm helps carry out other biochemical cell processes, and creates protein in the cell. Cytoplasm is the organelle where the cell’s DNA is stored; this material helps control cell activities Cytoplasm is a thin flexible barrier that surrounds a cell and controls which substances pass in and out of the cell. This organelle can be found in both animal and plant cells. Cytoplasm is the organelle that acts as a gell-like fluid that fills the region between the cell membrane and the nucleus. It moves constantly and supports organelles. This organelle can be found in both animal and plant cells Looking at the animal cell image, which of the organelles found within the animal cell is a small grain-shaped organelle in the cytoplasm of a cell that produces protein. This organelle can be found in both animal and plant cell. chloroplasts chromosomes lysosomes ribosomes Looking at the plant cell above, why is the large central water vacuole important for the function of the plant cell? The central water vacuole is a rigid supporting layer that surrounds the cells of plants and some other organisms. This organelle is only found in plant cells. The central water vacuole is an organelle that is a thin flexible barrier that surrounds a cell and controls which substances pass in and out of the cell. This organelle can be found in both animal and plant cells The central water vacuole is a gell-like fluid that fills the region between the cell membrane and the nucleus. It moves constantly and supports organelles. This organelle can be found in both animal and plant cells The central water vacuole is a a sac-like organelle that stores water that can only be found in plant cells. Which of the following organelles is an organelle in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them and distributes them to other parts of the cell. This organelle can be found in both animal and plant cell. Ribosomes Endoplasmic Reticulum Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Using the following animal cell image, which of the following organelles is number 3? Mitochondria – is the organelle that breaks down food and release energy to the cell. This organelle can be found in both animal and plant cells Lysosomes – is the organelle that contains substances that break down large food particles into smaller ones. It also breaks down old cell parts and releases these substances so they can be used again by the cell. This organelle can be found in only animal cells. Ribosomes – a small grain-shaped organelle in the cytoplasm of a cell that produces protein. This organelle can be found in both animal and plant cell. None of the answers are correct, the correct organelle is the cytoplasm. One of the major differences between prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells is that _. they both consist of cell walls to protect the cell from damage. prokaryotic cells have a nucleus, and eukaryotic cells do not have a nucleus. prokaryotic cells don’t have a nucleus, but eukaryotic cells have a nucleus. they both have a nucleus to store DNA. Looking at the following plant cell image, which of the following organelles is number 6? Ribosomes – a small grain-shaped organelle in the cytoplasm of a cell that produces protein. both animal and plant cell. Golgi Apparatus – an organelle in a call that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them and distributes them to other parts of the cell. both animal and plant cell. Endoplasmic Reticulum – an organelle that forms a maze of passage ways in which proteins and other materials are carried from one part of a cell to the other. Both animal and plant cells Nucleus – directs the activity of a cell; it contains chromosomes with the DNA Which of the following organelles is the organelle that releases energy to the cell? Chloroplast lysosomes mitochondria large central water vacuole Which of the following organelles is not found in an animal cell? mitochondria cell wall cell membrane lysosome Expore all questions with a free account Already have an account?

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What is the primary function of a chloroplast quizlet?

The two main functions of chloroplasts are to produce food (glucose) during photosynthesis, and to store food energy.
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What are the two main functions of chloroplasts __?

Chloroplasts are specialised organelles characterised by their high concentration of chlorophyll. They convert light energy into chemical energy by photosynthesis. Chloroplast carry out a number of other functions including fatty acid synthesis, some amino acid synthesis and the immune response in plants.
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What is one main function of chloroplast?

Structure and Function of Chloroplasts Chloroplasts are plant cell organelles that convert light energy into relatively stable chemical energy via the photosynthetic process. By doing so, they sustain life on Earth. Chloroplasts also provide diverse metabolic activities for plant cells, including the synthesis of fatty acids, membrane lipids,,

Chloroplasts are plant cell organelles that convert light energy into relatively stable chemical energy via the photosynthetic process. By doing so, they sustain life on Earth. Chloroplasts also provide diverse metabolic activities for plant cells, including the synthesis of fatty acids, membrane lipids, isoprenoids, tetrapyrroles, starch, and hormones.

The biogenesis, morphogenesis, protection and senescence of chloroplasts are essential for maintaining a proper structure and function of chloroplasts, which will be the theme of this Research Topic. Chloroplasts are enclosed by an envelope of two membranes which encompass a third complex membrane system, the thylakoids, including grana and lamellae.

  • In addition, starch grains, plastoglobules, stromules, eyespots, pyrenoids, etc.
  • Are also important structures of chloroplasts.
  • It is widely accepted that chloroplasts evolved from a free-living photosynthetic cyanobacterium, which was engulfed by a eukaryotic cell.
  • Chloroplasts retain a minimal genome, most of the chloroplast proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and the gene products are transported into the chloroplast through complex import machinery.

The coordination of nuclear and plastid genome expressions establishes the framework of both anterograde and retrograde signaling pathways. As the leaf develops from the shoot apical meristem, proplastids and etioplastids differentiate into chloroplasts.

Chloroplasts are divided by a huge protein complex, also called the plastid-dividing (PD) machinery, and their division is also regulated by many factors to get an optimized number and size of chloroplasts in the cell. These processes are fundamental for the biogenesis and three-dimensional dynamic structure of chloroplasts.During the photosynthesis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and other cellular signals can be made.

As an important metabolic hub of the plant cell, the chloroplast health has been found critical for a variety of abiotic and biotic stresses, including drought, high light, cold, heat, oxidative stresses, phosphate deprivation, and programmed cell death at sites of infection.

Therefore, a better understanding the responses of chloroplasts to these stresses is part of knowing how the plant itself responds. Ultimately, this knowledge will be necessary to engineer crops more resistant to common stresses.With the current global environment changes, world population growth, and the pivotal role of chloroplasts in carbon metabolism, it is of great significance to represent the advancement in this field, for science and society.

Tremendous progresses have been made in the field of chloroplast biology in recent years. Through concerted efforts from the community, greater discoveries definitely will emerge in the future. This Research Topic welcomes all types of articles. Important Note : All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review. : Structure and Function of Chloroplasts
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What is the primary found in the chloroplast?

What Cells and Organelles Are Involved in Photosynthesis? – Photosynthetic cells contain special pigments that absorb light energy. Different pigments respond to different wavelengths of visible light. Chlorophyll, the primary pigment used in photosynthesis, reflects green light and absorbs red and blue light most strongly.

  1. In plants, photosynthesis takes place in chloroplasts, which contain the chlorophyll.
  2. Chloroplasts are surrounded by a double membrane and contain a third inner membrane, called the thylakoid membrane, that forms long folds within the organelle.
  3. In electron micrographs, thylakoid membranes look like stacks of coins, although the compartments they form are connected like a maze of chambers.

The green pigment chlorophyll is located within the thylakoid membrane, and the space between the thylakoid and the chloroplast membranes is called the stroma (Figure 3, Figure 4). Chlorophyll A is the major pigment used in photosynthesis, but there are several types of chlorophyll and numerous other pigments that respond to light, including red, brown, and blue pigments.
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What is the main function of chloroplasts choose 1 answer choose 1 answer?

Do chloroplasts have DNA? – chloroplast, structure within the cells of plants and green algae that is the site of photosynthesis, the process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy, resulting in the production of oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds,
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What are the primary functions of the chloroplast and mitochondria?

Difference Between Mitochondria and Chloroplast Mitochondria and chloroplast are organelles found in a plant cell. However, the chloroplast is absent in an animal cell, but mitochondria is found in both. Mitochondria generates energy for the cell in the form of ATP using oxygen and nutrients.
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What is the function of chloroplast other than photosynthesis?

Chloroplasts, the organelles responsible for photosynthesis, are in many respects similar to mitochondria, Both chloroplasts and mitochondria function to generate metabolic energy, evolved by endosymbiosis, contain their own genetic systems, and replicate by division.

  • However, chloroplasts are larger and more complex than mitochondria, and they perform several critical tasks in addition to the generation of ATP.
  • Most importantly, chloroplasts are responsible for the photosynthetic conversion of CO 2 to carbohydrates.
  • In addition, chloroplasts synthesize amino acids, fatty acids, and the lipid components of their own membranes.

The reduction of nitrite (NO 2 – ) to ammonia (NH 3 ), an essential step in the incorporation of nitrogen into organic compounds, also occurs in chloroplasts. Moreover, chloroplasts are only one of several types of related organelles ( plastids ) that play a variety of roles in plant cells.
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What is chloroplast 2 facts?

A Genome of Its Own – Chloroplasts contain their own genome, which is separate from the DNA of the plant cell. Chloroplasts contain multiple copies of circular pieces of DNA called plasmids. These plasmids carry about 120 genes. The chloroplast makes 10 percent of the proteins that it needs to do its work.
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What is the chloroplast functions and parts?

Conclusion – The chloroplast is a plastid that is made up of an outer membrane, an inner membrane, grana, and the stroma. It’s within the chloroplast that photosynthesis takes place in plants, turning sunlight and carbon dioxide into sugar and oxygen.
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What is the main function of the cytoplasm?

Cytoplasm – The cytoplasm is the gel-like fluid inside the cell. It is the medium for chemical reaction. It provides a platform upon which other organelles can operate within the cell. All of the functions for cell expansion, growth and replication are carried out in the cytoplasm of a cell.
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What are two primary functions of the nucleus?

The primary functions of the nucleus are to store the cell’s DNA, maintain its integrity, and facilitate its transcription and replication.
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What does a chloroplast store?

In a plant cell, chloroplast makes sugar during the process of photosynthesis converting light energy into chemical energy stored in glucose.
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What are primary and secondary chloroplasts?

Secondary and tertiary endosymbiosis – Many other organisms obtained chloroplasts from the primary chloroplast lineages through secondary endosymbiosis—engulfing a red or green alga that contained a chloroplast. These chloroplasts are known as secondary plastids.

While primary chloroplasts have a double membrane from their cyanobacterial ancestor, secondary chloroplasts have additional membranes outside of the original two, as a result of the secondary endosymbiotic event, when a nonphotosynthetic eukaryote engulfed a chloroplast-containing alga but failed to digest it—much like the cyanobacterium at the beginning of this story.

The engulfed alga was broken down, leaving only its chloroplast, and sometimes its cell membrane and nucleus, forming a chloroplast with three or four membranes —the two cyanobacterial membranes, sometimes the eaten alga’s cell membrane, and the phagosomal vacuole from the host’s cell membrane. Secondary endosymbiosis consisted of a eukaryotic alga being engulfed by another eukaryote, forming a chloroplast with three or four membranes. Diagram of a four membraned chloroplast containing a nucleomorph, The genes in the phagocytosed eukaryote’s nucleus are often transferred to the secondary host’s nucleus. Cryptomonads and chlorarachniophytes retain the phagocytosed eukaryote’s nucleus, an object called a nucleomorph, located between the second and third membranes of the chloroplast.
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What is the function of the chloroplast and chlorophyll?

Chlorophyll is an important molecule for plants that helps them take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen. Chloroplasts are organelles found in plant cells, and they contain chlorophyll too. They also use light to make food for the plant.
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What is the primary purpose of photosynthesis?

The important role of photosynthesis Photosynthesis is not just about oxygen production it is also about energy production. Most people would agree that photosynthesis is a great thing. I’ve never heard anyone argue against it. However, some folks have missed the purpose of photosynthesis.

It’s not oxygen production. The primary function of photosynthesis is to convert solar energy into chemical energy and then store that chemical energy for future use. For the most part, the planet’s living systems are powered by this process. It’s not particularly efficient by human engineering standards, but it does the job.

Photosynthesis happens in regions of a cell called chloroplasts. The chemistry and physics are complex. It’s a bit humbling to consider that the energy in our bodies travels 93 million miles in a little more than eight minutes, and that life has tapped into that energy stream.

  1. For a short time that energy is tied up in biological systems before it continues on its merry way into the dark of space.
  2. In essence, green plants take carbon, hydrogen and oxygen from the molecules of carbon dioxide and water, and then recombine them into a new molecule called glucose.
  3. This happens in the presence of sunlight, of course.

Energy is stored in the bonds of the glucose molecule. Glucose is a fairly simple sugar, easy to break down. Ever wonder why kids bounce off the walls and ceilings soon after a good dose of sugar? Chemically speaking, the inputs to photosynthesis are six carbon atoms, 12 hydrogen atoms and 18 oxygen atoms.

  • Glucose uses six carbon, 12 hydrogen, and six oxygen molecules.
  • Simple math shows 12 leftover oxygen atoms, or six oxygen molecules.
  • Oxygen atoms prefer mates.
  • Interestingly, and not coincidentally, the process of respiration breaks apart the glucose molecule.
  • Respiration occurs in the cells of nearly all living things.

The released energy is then used for all sorts of metabolic activity, including the energy that you are using to read this article. Respiration happens in regions of a cell called mitochondria. The chemical reactions are the reverse of photosynthesis, using a glucose molecule and six oxygen molecules (12 atoms) as inputs.

  • Energy is released along with some carbon dioxide and water.
  • But this is enough chemistry.
  • Trees and other green plants practice respiration, too, just like animals, but they also practice photosynthesis.
  • This is why ecologists categorize green plants as “producers” and most every other life form as a “consumer.” It’s about the energy.

OK, there are decomposers, too, but that’s another story and they’re still dependent upon the energy captured by the producers. Oxygen is a byproduct of photosynthesis and, correspondingly, carbon dioxide the byproduct of respiration. Trees are often credited as the major oxygen generator for the planet, but that would be false.

  • Most of the planet is covered with water and the collective photosynthesis of lowly algae is the true oxygen machine.
  • Nevertheless, trees and forests are, indeed, significant oxygen producers.
  • However, if oxygen was the only benefit of trees and forests, we could easily live without them.
  • And some forests actually produce more carbon dioxide than oxygen.

Fortunately, the benefits of both trees and forests extend far beyond something as narrow as oxygen production. Much of the basic structural material of plants and wood is cellulose, which is an especially complex sugar. The constituent molecules of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen can be recombined to form lots of useful chemicals such as ethanol, perfumes, bioplastics, clothing fabrics and a range of industrial ingredients.

It’s generally agreed that sources from within renewable living ecosystems have distinct advantages over using the ancient materials that make up fossil fuels. Plants and photosynthesis are the basis of fossil fuels, too, but from millions and millions of years ago. Bringing huge volumes of those molecules back into living ecosystems has a few drawbacks that science has gotten pretty good at measuring and describing.

Trees, forests, forest soils and forest products are mighty important in the cycling of carbon and the relative size of various carbon pools. There are other elements that also cycle through forests. Science has a pretty good handle on these relationships, too.
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What is the main function of chloroplasts choose 1 answer choose 1 answer?

The chloroplast’s job is to carry out a process called photosynthesis. In photosynthesis, light energy is collected and used to build sugars from carbon dioxide.
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What are the primary functions of the chloroplast and mitochondria?

Chloroplasts, the organelles responsible for photosynthesis, are in many respects similar to mitochondria, Both chloroplasts and mitochondria function to generate metabolic energy, evolved by endosymbiosis, contain their own genetic systems, and replicate by division.

  • However, chloroplasts are larger and more complex than mitochondria, and they perform several critical tasks in addition to the generation of ATP.
  • Most importantly, chloroplasts are responsible for the photosynthetic conversion of CO 2 to carbohydrates.
  • In addition, chloroplasts synthesize amino acids, fatty acids, and the lipid components of their own membranes.

The reduction of nitrite (NO 2 – ) to ammonia (NH 3 ), an essential step in the incorporation of nitrogen into organic compounds, also occurs in chloroplasts. Moreover, chloroplasts are only one of several types of related organelles ( plastids ) that play a variety of roles in plant cells.
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What is chloroplast simple quizlet?

Chloroplast definition. are cellular organelles of green plants and some ukaryotic organisms. These organelles conduct photosyntheses. THe absorb sunlight and convert it into sugar molecules and also produce free energy stored in the form ATP and NADPH via photosynthesis.
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