What Is Education Like In Mexico?
Schools in Mexico | Allianz Care In Mexico, basic education is divided into three levels: primary school (ages six to 12), junior high school (ages 12 to 15) and high school (ages 15 to 18). Throughout all three levels of schooling, attendance is compulsory.
- Public schools in Mexico are free of charge and secular.
- Unfortunately, the schools are often underfunded and lacking in resources.
- This is especially true in rural areas, with urban centres being only somewhat better.
- Because of these disadvantages, most expats opt for private schooling instead.
- That said, expat children who are fluent in Spanish, or those young enough to pick the language up easily, may benefit from attending public school for half the day, followed by homeschooling in the afternoon.
: Schools in Mexico | Allianz Care
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- 1 What is a day at school like in Mexico?
- 2 Where does Mexico rank in education in the world?
- 3 What do kids in Mexico do after school?
- 4 Which country has the best education system ever?
What is a day at school like in Mexico?
What Are the School Systems Like: Schedules, Holidays, and Grading System in Mexico – The school year in Mexico runs from late August to early July. School hours in private and public schools differ, but they normally start at 7:30-8:00 until around 13:30-14:30.
Summer holidays: End of August to the beginning of July. Winter holidays: Two weeks and a half from Christmas week onwards. Spring holidays : two weeks in April.
In Mexico, there are two grading systems according to the cut-off mark. Cut-off Mark: 6 Scale 1 Description WES conversion 90 – 100 Excellent ( Excelente ) A 80 – 89.99 Good ( Bien ) B 60 – 79.99 Sufficient ( Suficiente ) C 0 – 59.99 Fail ( Reprobado ) F Scale 2 Description WES conversion 9 – 10 Excellent ( Excelente ) A 8 – 8.99 Good ( Bien ) B 6 – 7.99 Sufficient ( Suficiente ) C 0 – 5.99 Fail ( Reprobado ) F Cut-off Mark: 7 Scale 1 Description WES conversion 90 – 100 Excellent ( Excelente ) A 80 – 89.99 Good ( Bien ) B 70 – 79.99 Sufficient ( Suficiente ) C 0 – 69.99 Fail ( Reprobado ) F Scale 2 Description WES conversion 9 – 10 Excellent ( Excelente ) A 8 – 8.99 Good ( Bien ) B 7 – 7.99 Sufficient ( Suficiente ) C 0 – 6.99 Fail ( Reprobado ) F
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Where does Mexico rank in education in the world?
Country vs country: Education Stats: compare key data on Mexico & United States and Education Stats: compare key data on Mexico & United States compared Education. Ranked 35th. Ranked 18th.
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Are universities in Mexico free?
Tuition fees and living costs – Tuition fees at universities in Mexico vary depending on the course you take and the institution you choose. Although the average costs of higher education overall are around US$5,000 per year, this varies quite a lot. Public universities in Mexico can charge as little as $378 up to $818 per year for undergraduate programs, while private institutions will charge considerably more, between $1,636 and $16,353 per year.
Living costs are fairly low in Mexico. Housing in Mexico’s major cities can cost between US$150-200 per month, and even less outside of the center. Traveling within Mexico is very affordable, with the metro train costing US$3 per day for unlimited use and buses costing US$2 per journey. All costs, including housing, transport, food and drink, will likely come to US$400 on a strict budget and as little as US$500 on a standard budget.
If you plan to travel, shop and eat out a fair bit, you should budget considerably more. When working out your total expenditure you should also take into account that international students are not eligible to gain paid work within Mexico. There is the potential to gain a scholarship for study in Mexico, either through your home university or an external organization such as CIEE or Boren,
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What do kids in Mexico do after school?
Student Free Time Outside of school time, children love to play soccer, or go boating or bicycling, even in Mexico City, one of the largest cities in the world. Unfortunately, for most of the poorer children in the country, there is little time for such activities as they must go to work right after school.
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What is the gender gap in education in Mexico?
Of individuals between the ages of 12 and 30, who attend technical school, 67% are women. University level education is attained by only a small fraction of the population. Approximately 15% of men aged 25 to 40 and 11% of women aged 25 to 40 report having completed at least one year of university-level education.
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What happen to the students in Mexico?
Aftermath – March for justice and live appearance of the 43 normalistas Ayotzinapa missing in Iguala A number of theories have been proposed to explain the killing of the students. The students all attended a local teacher training college with a history of left-wing activism and radicalism, but it is not clear that they were targeted for their political beliefs.
- Some think that they angered Guerreros Unidos by refusing to pay extortion money.
- Others believe that there was a link between the students’ disappearance and a speech given by the wife of Iguala’s mayor on the day of the clashes.
- She was speaking to local dignitaries when the students were protesting in Iguala and some believe they were targeted because it was feared they could disrupt the event.
A mass grave, initially believed to contain the charred bodies of 28 of the students, was discovered near Iguala on October 5, 2014. They had been tortured and, according to reports, burned alive. Subsequent reports increased the estimate of the number of bodies found to 34.
On October 10, 2014, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances; Christof Heyns, Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions; and Juan E. Méndez, Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, released a joint statement calling the Iguala attacks a “crucial test” for Mexico’s government.
“What happened in Guerrero is absolutely reprehensible and unacceptable,” the statement says. “It is not tolerable that these kind of events happen, and even less so in a state that respects the rule of law.” On October 13, 2014, protesters ransacked and burned government offices in Chilpancingo, the capital of Guerrero, although the fire was controlled, it destroyed part of the history records of birth, marriages and deaths of Chilpancingo.
- On October 14, 2014, police announced that forensic tests had shown that none of the 28 bodies from the first mass grave corresponded to the missing students, but on the same day four additional graves, with an unknown number of bodies, were discovered.
- On October 20, 2014, masked protesters set fire to an office of a state social assistance program, Guerrero Cumple, in Chilpancingo, burning computers and filing cabinets.
On the next day some 200 protestors set fire to the regional office of the Party of the Democratic Revolution in Chilpancingo which controls the state government. On October 22, 2014, the federal government stated that Abarca had ordered the arrest of the students in order to prevent them from obstructing a municipal event.
The PGR described him and his wife as the probable masterminds of the mass kidnapping. The director of the Iguala police force, Felipe Flores, was also mentioned as one of the main perpetrators. The Mexican government discovered that a local cartel paid the police force US$45,000 monthly to keep them on the cartel payroll.
In Mexico City over 50,000 protesters demonstrated in support of the missing students. Joining the protests in Morelia, Michoacán, were members of Mexico’s movie industry – actors, directors, writers and producers- who lit 43 candles on the steps of a Morelia theater.
In Venezuela, students also demonstrated in support at the Central University of Venezuela, In the U.S. state of Texas, students and professors rallied at the campus of the University of Texas at El Paso, The name of each disappeared student was read out and signatures were gathered for an open letter of protest to the Mexican consulate.
Protests also took place in London, Paris, Vienna and Buenos Aires, Protesters outside the Attorney General ‘s office in Mexico City demanding the safe return of the students, November 2014 On the same day in Iguala, dozens of protesters, many wearing masks, broke away from a peaceful march of thousands of people demanding that the missing students be returned alive, and broke into the city hall, shattered windows, smashed computers and set fire to the building.
On October 23, 2014, the governor of Guerrero, Ángel Aguirre Rivero, asked Congress for a leave of absence in order to step down from office. According to Mexican law, state governors cannot resign but may ask for a leave of absence; though an uncommon decision in Mexico at the time, Aguirre decided to leave his post, pressured by his party and public opinion.
State lawmakers voted to replace Rivero with Rogelio Ortega Martínez, who served until October 2015. On October 27, 2014, the authorities arrested four members of Guerreros Unidos; according to officials, two of them received a large group of people from other gang members in Iguala on the night the mass abduction took place.
- Their testimonies helped the authorities locate new mass graves in Cocula, Guerrero, about 17 km (10 mi) from Iguala.
- The area was cordoned off by the Mexican Army and Navy before the forensic teams arrived to carry out their investigations.
- On October 29, 2014, a few hours after being appointed as the interim mayor of Iguala, Luis Mazón Alonso asked for a leave of absence.
He said in an interview that he had decided to resign because some members of the Iguala city council were self-serving and had no interest in improving the situation. He is the brother of Lázaro Mazón Alonso, the former Secretary of Health in Guerrero, who resigned on October 16, 2014, after the former Governor Aguirre accused him of being linked to Abarca.
Silviano Mendiola Pérez became the interim mayor of Iguala on November 11. On November 9, 2014, there was a demonstration in Mexico City during which the protesters carried handmade banners with the words ” Ya me cansé ” (“I’ve Had Enough” or “I’m Tired”), in reference to a comment made by Mexico’s attorney general, Jesús Murillo Karam, at a press conference on the Iguala kidnapping.
Protesters also chanted: ” Fue el Estado ” (“It was the State”). Some masked protesters broke away from the otherwise peaceful demonstration as it drew to a close, tore down the protective metal fences set up around the National Palace in Mexico City’s main Zócalo plaza and set fire to its imposing wooden door.
- Clashes with riot police followed.
- On November 20, 2014, relatives of 43 missing Mexican students arrived in Mexico City after touring the country and led mass protests demanding action from the government to find them.
- Thousands of people took part in three protest marches in the capital.
- Demonstrators called for a nationwide strike.
Several hundred protesters gathered near the National Palace, small groups of protesters were throwing bottles and fireworks at the palace and the police tried to push them back using water cannons. Near Mexico City International Airport before the marches began some 200 hooded protesters threw rocks and petrol bombs at police officers who had been trying to disperse them. Demonstration on September 26, 2015, on the first anniversary of the Iguala mass kidnapping The Union of Towns and Organizations of Guerrero (UPOEG), along with activists, parents of the missing students, and other drug war victims from different parts of Mexico, organized and led a search in Iguala on November 23 to uncover more bodies buried in the municipality’s clandestine mass graves.
- They uncovered seven bodies in mass graves at a rural community known as La Laguna.
- The purpose of the search was to locate mass graves for federal authorities to investigate.
- We are doing the job authorities are refusing to do”, one of the activists said.
- Locals stated that members of organized crime frequented the area to bury people around there.
The following day, the PGR arrived at Iguala to recover the bodies and investigate them. They planned to further their investigations on the mass graves found by the UPOEG. Those present told federal authorities to not allow local officials to intervene in the case.
- The UPOEG announced that they would be leading a committee to uncover more mass graves in Guerrero.
- Bruno Plácido Valerio, the leader of the group, stated that from January 2013 to November 2014, at least 500 bodies were located between Ayutla and Iguala.
- He believes that there are more bodies buried in mass graves all across the state.
On December 3, 2014, Javier Hernández Valencia, the Representative in Mexico of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights visited the Raúl Isidro Burgos Rural Teachers College in Ayotzinapa, and met with the parents of the missing students, other student survivors and activists accompanying their struggle.
The resultant public report “Double injustice” is an independent inquiry focused on key aspects of the official investigation under the light of applicable international human rights standards, including the blatant evidence of arbitrary detentions and torture on 51 people indicted in connection to the crime.
Although the report explicitly states it does not intend to offer an alternate version of facts nor to identify the perpetrators and their sponsors, it sheds light on the deliberate actions attributable to the PGR to produce “quick results” and solve the crime, which ultimately tainted the investigation itself.
- On January 12, 2015, relatives and supporters of the missing students tried to gain access to an army base in Iguala.
- The protesters demanded to be let in to search for the missing students.
- They accused the security forces of colluding in their disappearance.
- They said soldiers had witnessed a clash between the students and local police which immediately preceded their disappearance, and reportedly failed to intervene.
On January 26, 2015, after the confession of one of the men who plotted against the students had been finalized, Mexican officials took it to the media to inform the country that the 43 students had been killed and their remains were burned. On February 13, 2015, a delegation of parents who traveled to Geneva, Switzerland, with support from a coalition of human rights NGOs, attended the public hearing of the United Nations Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED), a body of independent experts which monitors the implementation of the Convention for the Protection of all Persons against Enforced Disappearance by the States parties, and submitted the case of the killing and disappearances of their loved ones to the specialized international watchdog panel, further raising international media attention to their plight.
- On February 27, Attorney General Murillo Karam left his post at the PGR.
- He was replaced by Arely Gómez González,
- On May 7, Francisco Salgado Valladares, the deputy police chief of Iguala, was arrested by the Federal Police in Cuernavaca, Morelos,
- He was wanted for his alleged involvement in intercepting the students on their way to Iguala.
According to law enforcement reports, Salgado Valladares had connections with the Guerreros Unidos gang and reportedly received bribes from them to hand out to other members of the police corporation. At the time of his arrest, he was one of the most-wanted suspects in the case.
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Which country has hardest education system?
Which country has the hardest education system? South Korea, Japan, Singapore are a few countries which have one of the hardest education systems. Which country has the hardest math? The United Kingdom, The United States of America, etc are the countries having one of the best education systems.
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Which country has the best education system ever?
New Zealand – The best education system in the world can be found in New Zealand, This is according to the latest World University Rankings, which has placed five New Zealand universities in the top 200. The benefits of a New Zealand education are many and varied.
- Students can expect high-quality teaching, excellent research opportunities and a welcoming, safe environment.
- The country’s top universities include the University of Auckland, Victoria University of Wellington, University of Otago, Massey University and Lincoln University,
- New Zealand has also gained attention for its innovative approach to tertiary education.
The government is investing heavily in developing new technologies such as artificial intelligence and machine learning, as well as in research partnerships with leading international universities.
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How do kids spend their day in Mexico?
The last day of April every year marks a special occasion all across Mexico. El Día del Niño or Children’s Day, a national celebration of children and childhood, often surprises visitors with its importance and genuine warmth. Family and children in particular are highly valued in Mexican culture, and this is reflected in the significance of the day.
- While the United Nations has recommended every country set aside a day to celebrate children each year since 1954, Mexico had already been celebrating its own Children’s Day for almost 30 years by that point.
- In 1924 then President Alvaro Obregon signed the now defunct League of Nations’ Declaration of the Rights of the Child.
The signing’s anniversary the following year was on April 30th 1925 and this became the first annual nationwide Día del Niño, The history of setting aside a day to celebrate children in Mexico can be traced back even further, with some cities, such as Tantoyuca in Veracruz, holding local festivities on various dates including May the 8th.
El Día del Niño Today Modern day celebrations of the day are focused on making children feel special and loved. If April the 30th falls during the school week, children still attend school although classes are not usually held and the day is given over to fun activities, often supported by parents and the wider community.
Popular festivities include piñatas, the giving of simple gifts such as toys, live music and various games. In some rural areas of Mexico, dressing up in colorful, traditional clothing is popular, although most children attend school in their uniforms.
If the day falls on a weekend, such as this year, it will be celebrated by the school the preceding Friday. The age at which children stop celebrating the day in school varies by region, here in Quintana Roo it is not celebrated once a child starts Secundaria at around 12 years old. Outside of school, children are often treated to days out, such as a visit to the beach or the local parque.
Special food is often prepared for children, with sweet foods such as cakes, candy and in particular chocolate or hot chocolate being favorites. While increasingly rare in modern day Mexico, one previously common practice was for children to sing a song called Bate Bate Chocolate about hand mixing chocolate tablets, with simple easy to learn words, while using a wooden hand-held beater.
- Businesses often join in the celebrations with special Children’s Day events held in theme parks, cinemas and waterparks amongst others.
- Museums often run theme days, and free entry for children is sometimes offered.
- Many travel companies also run campaigns focused on giving children the best possible day, and even some offering the opportunity for adults to pamper their own inner child for the day! Gift giving by parents is also increasingly common, with children requesting a wide range of presents from the traditional to the modern and high tech.
There is also a strong charitable element to the day with children’s charities running popular campaigns to collect toys and donations for less fortunate children, particularly those without families. The importance of the day is unsurprising, with children and their role in the family being central to Mexican culture.
It is often said that in Mexico a home without a child is no home at all. The primacy of the image of the child in the still-dominant Catholic faith is a big factor in the status of children in the country and this is further magnified by its unique fusion with the already family unit based Mesoamerican cultures that predated it, with Aztec, Maya, Olmec and Zapotec cultures all having clear family structures.
For many years Mexican families were large, with many children, in keeping with church and cultural expectations, however as in many countries, the increasing cost of raising children has changed this. Despite the subsequent steady decrease in the average number of children in each family, Mexico’s demographics still skew towards the young, with those under 14 representing over a quarter of the population.
Parents often take a very active part in children’s lives, particularly when it comes to schooling, with parental involvement being necessary to function (and financing) of the education system. This month’s Childrens Day is particularly special as it marks the first time many children and families have been able to spend the day together with friends and extended family after two years of restrictions.
With schools having returned to face-to-face teaching, many younger students are getting their long overdue first experience of a ‘normal’ Children’s Day. To read more about Mexican festivals and culture, check out our blogs here,
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What subjects are taught in Mexico?
Elementary Education – Public elementary education is supervised by the SEP in coordination with the state governments which administer the majority of schools (accounting for 85 percent of enrollments). Schools under the direct control of the federal government account for only 5.5 percent of enrollments, mostly in Mexico City and in rural community schools.
But the SEP sets nationwide standards and curricula for both public and private institutions (which enroll close to 10 percent of pupils). The SEP determines school calendars, designs and distributes free textbooks, and oversees teacher training. Until 2019, the now decommissioned federal National Institute for Assessment of Education (INEE) monitored quality standards in schools and collected education data.
It is presently unclear if and how the new AMLO administration wants to replace the institute, and critics are concerned that the absence of INEE monitoring and objective data gathering will be detrimental to educational quality, Elementary education is six years in length (grades one through six) in all states.
Children generally enter at the age of six, although there are options for students over the age of 15 who did not complete their education. Most pupils enroll in general schools, but about 6 percent study a bicultural (indigenous) and bilingual curriculum. Close to 1 percent attend community programs ( cursos comunitarios ), which are offered in rural districts of less than 100 inhabitants.
The national curriculum includes Spanish, mathematics, social studies, natural sciences, civics, arts, and physical education. Each class is assigned one teacher that instructs all subjects throughout the year. Teachers rotate in each grade, although teachers in community programs may stay with one group of pupils for several years.
Upon completing grade six, pupils are awarded the Certificate of Primary Education ( Certificado de Educación Primaria ). There are no final graduation examinations. As noted before, elementary education is the only sector of Mexico’s education system in which enrollments have decreased—from 14.7 million in 2007/2008 to 14 million in 2017/18,
While participation is nearly universal and dropout rates are close to zero in states like Querétaro, Quintana Roo, and Nuevo León, the situation in impoverished rural states is more problematic. Close to 12 percent of pupils in the southern state of Oaxaca, for instance, do not complete elementary school.
- What’s more, spending on elementary education is far below the OECD average, and many observers consider elementary education in Mexico to be of lackluster quality.
- The World Economic Forum ranked Mexico’s educational quality at the elementary level 69th out of 130 countries (behind Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Colombia, and Peru, but ahead of Brazil, Ecuador, and Venezuela).
Mexico ranked 58th out of 72 countries in the 2015 OECD PISA study, making it the worst-performing country among all OECD member states.
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What do students call their teachers in Mexico?
Variations by location and profession – How to address a teacher is altogether different in Russia, where kids address their teacher by their first name with patronymic ; this is a variation of the father’s name and appears after the given name on a passport.
- For example, if a teacher’s first name is Ivan () and his father’s name is Mikhail (), then students will address him as Ivan Mikhaylovich ( ).
- On the flip side, teachers refer to their students by their surname only; for example, where is Ivanov () today? Spanish students have many different names for their teacher, which depend on their level.
In the early stages of education, a teacher will typically be called Maestro or Maestra (the male and female form of teacher). Later on, they are addressed as Seño, which is the shortened version of Señorita (Miss) or Señora (Mrs). At university, they will use the word Profe (Professor); this is a shortened version of Profesor or Profesora, In some countries, there are regional variations when it comes to how to address a teacher. The United States is an example, where it varies from state to state. The term used ranges from students using the teacher’s first name in San Francisco to using more formal titles of just Mr or Mrs (plus their surname) in New York.
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