What Education Is Needed To Become An Orthopedic Surgeon?


What Education Is Needed To Become An Orthopedic Surgeon
What Training Is Necessary to Become an Orthopedic Surgeon? – Four years of medical school, plus a minimum of five years of residency, is mandatory for anyone who hopes to become an orthopedic surgeon, and it’s typical to also do a fellowship focused on a specific type of orthopedic surgery, such as foot and ankle surgery, according to experts.

“After four grueling years of medical school, you will have five more grueling years of residency. Most residents now do one or two extra years of fellowship in order to specialize or just get more training,” Dr. Barbara Bergin, an orthopedic surgeon with Texas Orthopedics, Sports & Rehabilitation Associates, a medical practice in Austin, Texas, wrote in an email.

“Orthopedic residencies are rigorous, to say the least. It’s a moderately physically demanding specialty, but more importantly, it is psychologically demanding. The musculoskeletal system is complicated and vast. There is a lot to learn, and competency in it takes time.”
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What degree is best for orthopedic surgeon?

Becoming an Orthopedic Surgeon We all know that it takes “a long time” to become a practicing orthopedic surgeon, but how long? Many people shy away from undertaking the profession due to the length of time it takes to achieve the goal. Here is what it takes to become an orthopedic surgeon.

  1. The educational journey for an aspiring orthopedic surgeon starts with undergraduate preparation followed by medical school, a specialized residency, as well as an optional fellowship.
  2. Undergraduate studies in biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics are essential for entrance into medical school.

Other courses required for admission into medical school may include humanities, social studies, and English. It is not always mandatory to earn an undergraduate degree to apply to medical school, but the US Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that most medical school applicants have at least bachelor’s degrees.

Along with the mandatory undergraduate coursework, you have to score well on the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). Some programs also expect letters of recommendation from professors. An orthopedic surgeon must have either a doctor of medicine (M.D) or doctor of osteopathic medicine degree (D.O.).

Both degrees require four years of graduate-level study in an approved school. The first two years are classroom based and the final two tend to be hospital-based. The first two years of the program prepare you for advancement into clinical courses and include studies in anatomy, genetics, pathology, microbiology, pharmacology, and neurology.

  1. It also includes introduction to the process of developing clinical and diagnostic skills.
  2. Third year students focus on clinical rotations in a number of different practices including surgery, internal medicine, and pediatrics.
  3. In the fourth year, you may complete rotations in specific electives which can include orthopedics.

Some programs also include an internship or residency “boot camp” to prepare you for the next phase of medical training. The American Board of Orthopedic requires candidates for board certification to complete five years of post-graduate residency training.

  • The orthopedic surgery residency program focuses on clinical, didactic, and research applications.
  • You will be introduced to surgical rounds in which you will learn to diagnose and treat a number of orthopedic illnesses.
  • You will also be required to attend conferences and lectures throughout the residency which allows you to interact with leaders in the field of orthopedics.

Your residency may also include rotations in a number of subspecialties like sports medicine, hand surgery, musculoskeletal oncology, and pediatric orthopedic surgery among others. Following a residency, you may qualify for licensure through your state medical board and begin to practice as an orthopedic surgeon.

  1. You might also choose to continue your training with a one or two year fellowship in a subspecialty of orthopedic surgery.
  2. Upon completion of your residency or fellowship, you are eligible to take the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery written exam for board certification.
  3. This includes 310-320 questions that cover knowledge of orthopedic injuries and conditions and how to apply that knowledge to proper treatment.

Thirty-three percent of the exam focuses on reconstruction procedures in adults. A physician who passes the written certification exam is considered “board eligible.” Board certification requires 22 months of practice while board-eligible. A valid state medical license is required for this and it is also required before taking the oral portion of the certification exam.

All states require the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE), and some states grant osteopathic medical licenses based on the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination (COMLEX) exam. Both licensing exams consist of three parts, and some states limit the number of times a candidate can take the exam.

After 22 months of practice and satisfactory peer review, a candidate for board certification can take the ABOS oral exam. This exam is based on 10 or 12 actual cases that the candidate must submit to the ABOS before he takes the exam. The exam consists of three 35-minute sessions in which examiners, all of whom are board-certified orthopedic surgeons, ask questions about the techniques followed in treating each case.

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Each candidate who passes this examination is awarded the title of “Diplomate of the American Board of Orthopedic Surgery.” This must be renewed every 10 years by demonstrating continued competence as an orthopedic surgery shown by similar testing and examinations. So the next time you come in to see your orthopedic surgeon, remember all of the hours of study and the years of schooling and hands-on hospital training he or she has undergone to become an expert in orthopedic disease, injuries, treatment, and surgical procedures.

It takes a great deal of commitment and desire to pursue and successfully achieve this occupation. : Becoming an Orthopedic Surgeon
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How long does it take to become an orthopedic surgeon in Canada?

5 years of Royal College-approved residency training. This training includes: 24 months of foundational surgery training as a junior resident. This must include a minimum of 6 months but no more than 12 months as a junior resident in orthopedic surgery.
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What is an orthopedics?

Orthopaedics (also called orthopaedic surgery) is the medical specialty that focuses on injuries and diseases of your body’s musculoskeletal system. This complex system, which includes your bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves, allows you to move, work, and be active.

  • Once devoted to the care of children with spine and limb deformities, orthopaedists now care for patients of all ages, from newborns with clubfeet to young athletes requiring arthroscopic surgery to older people with arthritis.
  • And anybody can break a bone at any age.
  • Orthopaedic surgeons treat problems of the musculoskeletal system.

This involves:

Diagnosis of your injury or disorder Treatment with medication, injections, casting, bracing, surgery, or other options Rehabilitation by recommending exercises or physical therapy to restore movement, strength, and function Prevention with information and treatment plans to prevent injury or slow the progression of disease

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What is the highest degree for a surgeon?

Best Doctor of Medicine (MD) Degrees 2023 A is the highest degree for physicians and surgeons. Depending on the country, it can be either a professional doctorate (like in the case of the US or Canada), or a research degree (like in the UK or Germany).

  • Doctor of Medicine degrees are designed to prepare highly skilled medical professionals who would be capable of meeting medical challenges in a wide variety of settings.
  • The study program for an MD degree typically combines academic training with advanced clinical experience through hands-on practice in a healthcare setting, for example in hospitals, clinics, medical centers, or nursing homes.

MD programs can have numerous specializations, such as general practice, surgical medicine, physiotherapy, gynecology, cardiology, oncology, psychiatry, and others. There are many Doctor of Medicine degrees offered by leading universities and other educational institutions around the world.
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Where is the highest paid Orthopedic Surgeon?

Top 25 states for orthopedic surgeon pay

Rank State Average salary
1 Georgia $381,830
2 North Dakota $373,230
3 Louisiana $362,320
4 Hawaii $356,960

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What is the highest orthopedist salary?

Years of Experience – In any profession, you can expect to make less starting out and then increase your income as you gain years of experience. ZipRecruiter shows that an orthopedic surgery resident in the United States makes an average salary of $86,772.
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Where do most orthopedic surgeons work?

Orthopedic surgeons can work in hospitals, university medical centers or private practices. They spend their time in the office consulting with patients, doing surgeries in the operating room or performing nonsurgical procedures such as applying splints or casts.
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Is Harvard good for surgeons?

10 best medical schools for surgeons for 2023, per US News Boston-based Harvard University is the No.1 medical school for surgeons, according to list of best medical schools for 2023.

  • The rankings, released March 28, are based on faculty resources, the academic achievements of entering students and qualitative assessments by schools and residency directors.
  • The top 10 programs for surgery:
  • 1. (tie) Harvard University (Boston)
  • 1. (tie) Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore)

3. Duke University (Durham, N.C.)

  1. 4. University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia)
  2. 5. University of California San Francisco
  3. 6. University of Michigan (Ann Arbor)
  4. 7. Columbia University (New York City)

8. Stanford (Calif.) University 9. Washington University in St. Louis 10. University of California Los Angeles : 10 best medical schools for surgeons for 2023, per US News
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How old is the youngest orthopedic surgeon?

On November 19, 2000, the world got its youngest surgeon, 7 years old Akrit Jaswal.
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How hard is it to become a surgeon in Canada?

How To Become a Surgeon in Canada March 21, 2022 In Canada, there are across the country that train students to eventually become physicians or surgeons and provide patient care. Unfortunately, these medical schools have high admissions criteria, making them difficult for students to successfully gain acceptance to.
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How long is surgeon school in Canada?

To become a General Surgeon you must: Completion of undergraduate and graduate education (a baccalaureate degree and a medical degree) Completion of a 5-year residency program in general surgery.
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How much does an orthopedic surgeon make in the UK?

The average annual salary is £97,889 ($132,635), with a range of £49,738 to £158,927 ($67,392 to $215,339).
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Does orthopedics mean feet?

What Is An Orthopedist? – Similar to podiatrists, can treat problems involving the ankle and foot. However, orthopedists cover general musculoskeletal care. They concern themselves with the bones, muscles, ligaments, and joints not only in the foot and ankle but the whole body.

  1. Unlike podiatrists that only treat the foot and ankle, an orthopedic doctor also treats other body parts such as the knees, hips, and spine.
  2. If podiatrists are foot and ankle doctors, orthopedists are bone and joint specialists.
  3. Orthopedists can treat various musculoskeletal issues.
  4. These problems can be sports injuries, joint pains, back pains, and even congenital conditions.
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Orthopedists typically handle medical conditions such as:

Arthritis Hip pain Shoulder pain Carpal tunnel syndrome Fractures Soft tissue injuries Sports injuries, such as tendinitis and meniscus tears Clubfoot Scoliosis

The usual treatments orthopedists employ may include physical therapy, medications, exercise programs, acupuncture, mobility aids, and injections. If none of these treatment methods work, orthopedists may recommend surgery for more complicated issues.
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What surgeon has the hardest job?

Most competitive medical specialties – Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery: Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery is involved in the surgical treatment of organs in the thorax or the chest. It generally treats the disease related to the lungs and heart. Dermatology : A dermatologist is a medical expert who can be consulted in case of problems related to skin, hair and nail.

  • It involves, but is not limited to research, study and diagnosis of disorders, cancers, diseases, cosmetic surgeries and ageing associated with fat, hair, nails, skin along with oral and genital membranes.
  • Apart from that, dermatology also includes their treatment and management by various therapies and investigations comprising of but not limited to topical, systemic treatments, dermatologic operations and cosmetic surgeries, phototherapy, laser treatment, immunotherapy, photodynamic treatment and radiotherapy.

Neurosurgery: Neurosurgery is the medical field that relates to diagnosis, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of disorders occurring in the nervous system comprising the spinal cord, brain, extra-cranial cerebrovascular system and peripheral nerves.

Orthopedic Surgery: Orthopaedic surgery or orthopedics is the medical branch of surgery concerned with the musculoskeletal system. Orthopaedic surgeons apply both surgical and nonsurgical techniques for curing musculoskeletal trauma, sports injuries, diseases related to the spinal cord, infections, congenital disorders and tumors.

General Surgery: It is a surgical specialisation which focuses on abdominal organs such as the stomach, small and large intestines, pancreas, liver, appendix, gallbladder, bile ducts, appendix, esophagus along with the thyroid gland entirely depending on the local referral patterns.

They also deal with skin and breast diseases along with trauma, hernias, soft tissues, peripheral vascular operations along with performing endoscopic processes like colonoscopy and gastronomy. Plastic Surgery: It is a surgical specialisation dealing with the reconstruction, modification and restoration of the body.

It is categorised into two important categories: cosmetic surgery and reconstructive surgery. Cosmetic or aesthetic surgery aims to enhance the appearance of the body while reconstructive surgery restructures the part of a body or enhances its functioning.

  • Reconstructive surgery comprises of surgeries related to hand, microsurgeries, curing of burns and craniofacial surgery.
  • Otolaryngology: Otolaryngology refers to the surgical subspecialty which deals with the diseases related to nose, throat and ear and associated structures of head and neck.
  • Doctors who are specialized in this field are known as Otolaryngologists or ENT surgeons.

Patients seek treatment from the ENT specialists for the diseases related to nose, ear, throat and base of the skull and regarding the operations of benign tumors of neck and head and cancers. Ophthalmology: It is a medical branch related to surgery and diagnosis of disorders of eyes.

Ophthalmologists specialize in Ophthalmology. They use medications for treating the eyes, implementing laser therapy and performing surgeries whenever it is required. Various challenging fields are compared below to analyze which medical specialty is the hardest amongst them: Dermatology and Plastic surgery Dermatology, when compared with plastic surgery, has differences.

With regards to training, a plastic surgeon has to undergo a minimal period of six years of training whereas dermatologist undergoes an average of four years of training. Plastic surgeons have to undergo a formal training procedure in surgeries about head and neck, ophthalmology and orthopedic surgery.

Dermatologists work mostly in their clinics. So, plastic surgery is a more challenging medical specialty as compared to dermatology. Neurosurgery and Orthopaedic Surgery According to the data revealed by the National Residency Matching Programme in 2017, 165 programmes were offering 727 positions in the first year of Orthopaedic surgery whereas 107 programmes were offering 218 positions in the first year of Neurosurgery.

So, Neurosurgery had less than one-third of the number of openings as compared to Orthopaedic Surgery. The Orthopaedic surgeons look after the nerves of the whole musculoskeletal system. They perform operations related to repairing of nerves in limbs. The Neurosurgeons, on the other hand, operate bone grafts like spinal fusions.

  1. They also operate inside the skull, unlike Orthopaedic surgeons.
  2. Neurosurgery involves long hour surgeries for deep-seated tumors which might take up to 12 hours while orthopedic surgery can hardly pass four hours.
  3. So, neurosurgery is difficult to pursue as compared to orthopedic surgery.
  4. General Surgery and Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery General surgeons treat a wide range of ailments which require surgeries.

They often execute routine procedures like removing gallbladder or appendectomies. But sometimes they also perform more complicated operations about digestive, endocrine and digestive systems. During the term of five years after obtaining the medical degree, the surgeons attain the skill of dealing with the medical conditions associated with skin, breast, abdominal wall, etc.

On the other hand, Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery deals with the operational management, critical and perioperative care of the pathological conditions in the chest of patients. It is a type of surgical specialty for the treatment of cardiac diseases related to coronary arteries, lung cancers, abnormalities of the heart valves and great vessels, etc.

It requires in-depth knowledge and expertise of oncology and cardiac physiology along with the ability to utilize cardiac assist devices, extracorporeal circulation and other diagnostic techniques. Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery residency requires 4-6 years of training after completing medical school.

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Although, General surgery involves a diversity of cases but Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery is much more complicated and is a medical specialty requiring expertise and knowledge to treat cardiac disorders. Otolaryngology and Ophthalmology An Otolaryngologist treats patients having disorders related to ears and upper alimentary and respiratory systems.

He has an in-depth knowledge of diseases related to head, neck, communication science, the chemical senses and endocrinology as they are associated with head and neck. On the other hand, Ophthalmology which deals with the disorders and curing of eye-related diseases is a much less stressful medical specialty as compared to its contemporaries.
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What is the hardest surgeon profession?

What is the most difficult Doctor specialty? – Those interested in making a career as a medical practitioner often wonder — what is the most difficult doctor to become? And while all medical fields are difficult, a few others require aspiring individuals to persevere more. So let us look at the top 5 most competitive specialties that conclude the debate of what is the hardest doctor to become.

Plastic Surgery

Instead of working with bones as Orthopaedic Surgeons do, Plastic Surgeons concentrate on soft tissue, such as skin, muscle, and fat. The word “plastic” derives from the Greek verb ” plastikos,” which means “to mould,” and refers to how tissues are reshaped and manipulated during plastic surgery,


Dermatologists treat conditions affecting the skin, hair, and nails from a medical and surgical standpoint. More than 3,000 disorders, including eczema, psoriasis, and skin cancer, can be diagnosed and treated by a dermatologist. The good lifestyle and work-life balance offered to practitioners of dermatology are not provided by most other medical specialties.


The central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS) are the two primary parts of the nervous system that neurological surgery focuses on. The brain and spinal cord are included in the CNS, and all other bodily nerves are included in the PNS.

  • Surgery on the CNS and PNS are both covered by neurosurgery and is one of the few disciplines that can save lives.
  • Neurosurgeons can directly touch, alter, and enhance the central nervous system.
  • Though it has one of the most difficult lifestyles, as one might be summoned into a hospital at the last minute to save someone’s life, it is an intellectually stimulating and fascinating field with an exciting career.

When weighing the options of what is the hardest doctor to become, those pursuing neurosurgery undeniably make up a considerable number.


The surgical subspecialty of ENT treats conditions affecting the head and neck. This comprises malignancies of the head and neck, thyroid, parathyroid, larynx, nose, sinuses, ears, and endocrinology, as well as cancer in the head and neck. The lifestyle of an ENT is great, with high pay while maintaining a healthy work-life balance.

Orthopedic Surgery

The musculoskeletal system, including fractures and shattered bones, is studied under orthopaedic surgery. Tendons, ligaments, and nerve or vascular damage are also dealt with during surgeries. Being an Orthopaedic Surgeon is incredibly satisfying because the results are typically positive.
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What is the lowest orthopedic surgeon salary?

Orthopedic Surgeon Salary

Percentile Salary Location
10th Percentile Orthopedic Surgeon Salary $310,242 US
25th Percentile Orthopedic Surgeon Salary $412,340 US
50th Percentile Orthopedic Surgeon Salary $524,480 US
75th Percentile Orthopedic Surgeon Salary $678,520 US

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Which doctor specialty makes the most money?

Doctor Salary in India Overview – Doctors are the most recognized professions, and every specialty in the medical field is a blessing to human existence. Only these specialists are skilled at providing prompt treatment and medicine, and as such, they are well compensated.

  1. The majority of Indian families desire for their children to study medicine or engineering.
  2. Both of these occupations need specialization.
  3. In India, the average beginning income for a Doctor is INR 5.04 LPA.
  4. However, with time and expertise, the greatest compensation for a Senior Doctor in India goes from INR 12.5 L to 18.4 LPA.

A doctor working in a private hospital can earn up to INR 1 lakh per month, or even more in some situations. A doctor’s pay in India with an MBBS degree and 4 – 5 years of relevant experience typically varies between INR 4 lakh to 7.50 lakh per annum.

Candidates who have obtained their MS or MD degrees, on the other hand, may earn up to INR 10 LPA with considerable years of experience spanning from 5 to 7 years. Surgeons, Gynecologists, and Prosthodontists are the highest-paid doctors in India, with annual salaries averaging INR 1.91 crore, INR 1.77 crore, and INR 1.67 crore, respectively.

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How much do orthopedic surgeons make in Nigeria?

A Surgeon – Orthopedic working in Nigeria will typically earn around 17,519,700 NGN per year, and this can range from the lowest average salary of about 9,289,200 NGN to the highest average salary of 26,639,300 NGN.
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How do you qualify for Bachelor of Orthopaedics in Kenya?

General requirements Must have MBChB or its equivalent recognised by the Senate. Must be registered by Medical Practitioners and Dentists Council. Must pass written entry examinations and an oral interview. Foreign students will be required to present themselves personally or engage in an online virtual interview.
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