What Does Independent Study Mean In College?


What Does Independent Study Mean In College
Students sometimes wonder about the “Educ 399 Independent Study” listing in the schedule of classes. What does it mean, and how can I tell if it’s a good fit for me? 399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and director are required for enrollment.

  1. 1-2 course credits) -Staff An independent study means that you design your own syllabus of academic readings and writing assignments, and persuade a faculty member to agree to meet regularly with you and evaluate your work, typically for one credit.
  2. Since a one-credit independent study has higher expectations for academic work than a half-credit exploratory internship, Trinity allows us to count an Educ 399 toward the Educational Studies major.

Finding a faculty sponsor for your independent study may not be easy, because Trinity College does not offer faculty any financial compensation or career incentives to do this. If you have not previously enrolled in a course a faculty member, they are unlikely to agree to work on an independent study with you, because you are unfamiliar to them.

Take charge of your learning and plan ahead. Independent studies do not work for passive students who wait until the last minute to meet deadlines. Read examples on this web page (and elsewhere) and mine them for ideas about how to deepen your learning. “Independent study” does not necessarily mean “one solo student.” Instead, the most successful Educ 399 projects have consisted of 2-5 students who shared the same interests and created their own mini-class. Start drafting a syllabus (ideally, with other students) of your learning goals, readings, writing, and other types of assignments that you believe will deepen your learning. Compose this in a collaborative Google Document to share. Schedule a meeting to show your progress and persuade a faculty member to work with you. The most persuasive arguments will:

come from 2 or more students working in a small group (rather than solo efforts) come from students who have already had a course with that faculty member, to build on prior learning connect with academic topics that interest that faculty member, either because they have taught or researched or supervised related work in the past, or because it’s something that they personally wish to learn more about in the future

Examples of successful Educ 399 independent study projects:

Mohammed Albehadli designed an independent study in 2019 as a research assistant for a study that employs survey and interview methods to investigate how Asian American parents navigate the landscape of school choice in the Greater Hartford Region Emily Schroeder designed an independent study based on reading and writing policy analysis while working as a policy intern with the CT Early Childhood Alliance in 2018. Emily Meehan, Christina Raiti, and Elaina Rollins created an Educ 399 project on teaching and pedagogy, Drawing on their Educ 200 course, they designed 3rd grade lessons on writing, science, and mathematics, which they taught at a nearby school, video-recorded themselves in action, and wrote reflections on the process and what could be improved. Danielle Dooldorian and Brigit Rioual created an Educ 399 project on race and social class in higher education, They built on prior classes with and expanded on readings drawn from Prof. Dougherty’s Color and Money first-year seminar (which they had not taken, but had an existing syllabus). They also produced mini-research projects on Trinity primary source data that could be used by future students.

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What is an example of independent study?

Independent Study Proposal Guidelines, Undergraduate A Gallatin Independent Study provides students with the opportunity to work one-on-one with an instructor on a particular topic or creative project. Designing the independent study is an important part of the project.

  • The student should work with the instructor to discuss the aims and content of the study and produce the proposal, which consists of: the description; readings; written work to be evaluated; and syllabus.
  • Students are required to receive approval for this study from their adviser, the independent study instructor, and the Gallatin Faculty Committee on Individualized Studies by completing an online Independent Study Proposal Form.

The Committee will review the proposal and make a decision within two weeks. Below are the instructions for completing the proposal form. As students begin to work on the Independent Study Proposal, they should refer to the to ensure that they do not miss any important steps or deadlines.1.

  • Identify an appropriate instructor : Only instructors within NYU can be the instructor for a Gallatin Independent Study.2.
  • Provide a description of the study: Like the course description in a college catalog, this part of the proposal should describe the general theme and scope of the independent study.

(See for examples.) The theme may be stated as a problem to be investigated, an issue to be explored, or an argument to be defended. The description might indicate where the student is starting out and where the student would like to get in terms of answering a question, exploring a phenomenon, understanding a theory, building a skill or other goal.

It should articulate the theme and strategy of the study as clearly as possible within 250 words.3. Determine the number of Units*: Generally, independent studies are two, three, or four units. The number of units determines the number of readings and amount of work assigned – see the sections below (“Readings” and “Written Work”) for details.

Unit Limitations: While students are encouraged to engage in independent work with the University faculty, the Gallatin program is designed for a careful balance between independent and classroom experience. Undergraduate students, therefore, may register for no more than eight (8) units per term in any combination of independent study and/or tutorial.

  1. Units signify credits 4.
  2. Articulate the work to be evaluated by the instructor: A) Readings : The student must provide a reading list with authors and titles along with the proposal.The list should be comparable to a similar classroom course, which means that a four-unit independent study requires a minimum of 6-10 books.

The list of readings may include substantial articles and other secondary readings. (However, a single article is not equivalent to a book; at least 3 articles are needed to equal a book.) Readings may change during the semester as the study evolves, but the preliminary list should be appropriate for the number of units.

  • Below is the required minimum number of books for independent studies of various unit values:
  • • 4 units: 6-10 books • 3 units: 4-7 books
  • • 2 units: 3-5 books

B) Written Work: The proposal should indicate the kinds of work (response papers, research essays, creative works, etc.), which will be evaluated by the instructor. Assignments should be comparable in extent to a similar classroom course. Details should be provided about this work, including the number, length and type of work to be submitted (e.g., two research papers, one 10 pages and the other 15 pages).

  1. I) Academic Independent Study
  2. Below is the required minimum amount of written academic work for non-creative independent studies of various unit values::
  3. • 4 units: 20-25 pages of written work • 3 units: 15-20 pages of written work
  4. • 2 units: 10-15 pages of written work
  5. II) Creative Independent Study

An Independent Study can be a creative project, which might be a writing project or a non-writing project. A writing creative project could be screenplays/scripts, novels, essays, blogs, etc. A non-writing project could be photography, film making, painting, etc.

  1. All creative projects require academic writing, which must be based on the readings and may take the form of response papers to the readings, or a research or analytical essay based on the readings and theories within those readings.
  2. The Academic Writing for all Creative Projects is in addition to the creative work.
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Below are the written requirements for both creative writing projects and non-writing creative projects. Writing Projects (screenplays/scripts, novels, essays, blogs, etc.) Creative writing projects require both the finished creative product (script, novel, essay, etc.) and academic writing.

  • Below is the required minimum amount of written work for creative projects of various unit values. Poems, novels, essays, scripts, etc, must be at least this length:
  • • 4 units: 20-25 pages of written work • 3 units: 15-20 pages of written work
  • • 2 units: 10-15 pages of written work
  • Below is the required minimum amount of academic writing (which must be based on the readings and may take the form of response papers to the readings, or a research or analytical essay based on the readings and theories within those readings) for creative writing independent studiesof various unit values:
  • • 4 units: 8-10 pages of academic writing • 3 units: 6-8 pages of academic writing • 2 units: 4-6 pages of academic writing
  • Non-writing Creative Projects (photography, film making, painting, etc.)

All creative projects require both the finished creative product (photographs, film, paintings. etc.) and academic writing, which must be based on the readings and may take the form of response papers to the readings, or a research or analytical essay based on the readings and theories within those readings.

Below is the required minimum amount of academic writing for non-writing creative projects (e.g., photography, film making, painting, etc.) of various unit values: • 4 units: at least 15 pages of academic writing • 3 units: at least 10-12 pages of academic writing • 2 units: at least 8-10 pages of academic writing 5.

Determine the syllabus: Instructors and students are expected to meet regularly throughout the semester. Meeting spaces for an Independent Study are identified and secured by the student and/or instructor. Please note that personal spaces (i.e. an apartment or dorm room) are not suitable.

  1. Below is the required minimum number of meetings for independent studies of various unit values:
  2. • 4 units: 7 meetings • 3 units: 5 meetings
  3. • 2 units: 4 meetings

Please be aware: Students who will be studying at one of the thirteen may not enroll in the standard Gallatin Independent Study option (INDIV-UG 1901). Students are permitted to take only the courses listed in the NYU global site course offerings. Please consult the specific site course offerings by linking to the site page from the,) 6.

  1. Secure written approvals: Both the instructor’s and adviser’s approval of the proposal are required.
  2. While the instructor may agree to supervise the student’s work, the student’s adviser determines whether it is appropriate for the student to undertake an independent study.
  3. After submitting the proposal form, the student should follow up with both their adviser and instructor to make sure their approvals have been sent to Gallatin.

Once the completed independent study proposal has been submitted to, and reviewed by, the Gallatin Faculty Committee on Individualized Studies, the committee chair indicates final approval. Please note that submitting a proposal does not guarantee approval.7.

  • Meet the proposal submission deadlines and requirements: A timeline for planning is available on the,
  • The completed independent study proposal consists of the following seven (7) components, and all must be submitted by the appropriate : 1.
  • Adviser’s approval 2.
  • Instructor’s approval 3.
  • Completed proposal form 4.

description of the study 5. readings 6. written work to be evaluated 7. syllabus 8. Title of the Independent Study : If a student chooses, the title of an independent study will appear on the official transcript. Please check the “Title On Transcript” box on the proposal form to indicate this option, and enter the title.

It should be a useful, descriptive title that reflects the unifying theme and content of the study. It should not duplicate an existing NYU course. The words “Independent Study” will appear before the title on the transcript: for example, “Independent Study: The Plays of Arthur Miller.” The title is limited to 26 characters including spaces and punctuation.

: Independent Study Proposal Guidelines, Undergraduate
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What does it mean to study independently?

Studying independently: What is independent study? What Does Independent Study Mean In College Independent study means taking control of your own learning. Effective independent learners are able to identify:

what they want to learn the best ways to learn how to show that they have learnt

Independent study includes:

quiet, personal time working with someone else to encourage each other and talk through difficulties

If you have a problem, explaining it to someone else can help clarify issues for you

What Does Independent Study Mean In College Adapted from: Payne, E. & Whittaker, L. (2006) Developing essential study skills.2nd rev. edn. Harlow: Pearson Education. : Studying independently: What is independent study?
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What is the difference between directed study and independent study?

At the Graduate Level: – Independent study courses permit graduate students to pursue previously studied topics in greater depth. A content outline for each independent study course is developed through consultation between the student and the instructor/sponsor to suit the needs and interests of the student and the special competence of the instructor.

  1. Have completed six credits of course work at the graduate level at SUNY Brockport with minimum grades of “B” in each course; and
  2. Be able to demonstrate adequate background for the area of independent study.

A graduate student enrolled in a degree and/or certificate program must have:

  1. Completed at least six credits of course work at the graduate level at SUNY Brockport with minimum grades of “B” in each course; or
  2. Demonstrate adequate background for the area of independent study. Permission to grant an independent study is by discretion of the instructor and department chair.

No more than two independent study courses will be approved for any one regular semester (and no more than one in any summer session) and no more than one directed study in a semester. All such courses must be included within the normal course load. An independent study course may not exceed six credits and will be identified as liberal arts (A) credit.

An independent study outline form is required to serve as the official course description. Students in programs with requirements of 36 credits or less may be allowed to take up to nine credits of independent study. Students in programs with requirements of more than 36 credits may be allowed to take up to twelve credits of independent study.

Requests to waive any of the above requirements or restrictions should be made through the department to the dean. General guidelines for independent and directed study:

  • Students may carry no more than two independent study courses in a regular semester and no more than one directed study course per semester.
  • Students may carry no more than one independent study course and one directed study course during a summer session.
  • Both independent study and directed study courses are only possible by arrangement and at the discretion of the instructor and/or the department. Please remember that these opportunities are a privilege, not a right. Also, be aware that the student may be expected to do this work with much less instructor supervision than is customary for a standard course.
  • Independent study courses will be designated as liberal arts (A) credit. Directed study courses will be designated either as liberal arts (A) or as professional (B) credit depending upon the traditional course’s catalog entry.
  • Credits earned in independent study courses may not exceed six credits per semester.
  • Credit assigned for a directed study course will be set equal to the credit value of the traditional course for which it is to be substituted.

Students who wish to take an independent or directed study course should begin the process well in advance of registration since published registration deadlines apply to these courses. The independent study application and outline form may be found from the Office of Academic Advisement’s web site under Forms,
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What is another term for independent study?

It is sometimes referred to as directed study, and is an educational activity undertaken by an individual with little to no supervision.
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What are the disadvantages of independent learning?

Cons of Individual Learning – Individual learning isn’t a perfect model for children as it limits communication with other learners and social cohesiveness. When kids don’t develop proper communication skills, it can become a massive problem in adulthood.

  1. Some children will learn better by interacting with others than by learning independently.
  2. Again, independent learning limits the child’s ability to learn teamwork.
  3. Since individual learning allows kids to learn at their pace, it can be time-consuming, especially for slow learners.
  4. It also takes extra effort to develop teaching plans and materials to suit every child’s needs.

Again, individual learners need individual evaluation strategies. This can be challenging to develop as accessing and analyzing a child’s unique needs, and progress requires specialized skills. There’s also the possibility of inadequate materials, especially when your kids are learning to read.
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What is independent vs Dependant study?

Published on February 3, 2022 by Pritha Bhandari, Revised on December 2, 2022. In research, variables are any characteristics that can take on different values, such as height, age, temperature, or test scores. Researchers often manipulate or measure independent and dependent variables in studies to test cause-and-effect relationships.

The independent variable is the cause. Its value is independent of other variables in your study. The dependent variable is the effect. Its value depends on changes in the independent variable.

Example: Independent and dependent variables You design a study to test whether changes in room temperature have an effect on math test scores. Your independent variable is the temperature of the room. You vary the room temperature by making it cooler for half the participants, and warmer for the other half.
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What to do during independent study?

With independent learning, students do their own research and ask questions, rather than relying solely on the materials that their teacher or instructor hands them. They also take ownership of their educational path by setting their own goals and monitoring their progress.
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Is it better to learn independently?

Minimal Distractions – When you lock yourself away in your room, there tend to be less distractions than when you are studying in a group or a public place. Nobody is moving around or talking near you. There are literally no distractions. Everyone is different, which means everyone learns differently.

  • You may require classical music, a warm, toasty room, and a cup of tea while you study.
  • Someone else may require complete silence, a chilly room, and no snacks at all.
  • Studying alone allows you to set the perfect study environment so you get the most out of studying.
  • Studying alone also allows you to use the study tactics that are the most effective for your,

Some students learn best with flashcards, while others learn best when they reread chapters.
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Is an independent study a dissertation?

Independent study (on the module FCH3888) is like a final year departmental dissertation, but interdisciplinary in its focus.
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What is an independent study module?

Independent Study Module – The Harbour School Independent Study Modules (ISMs) are designed to cultivate lifelong learning habits as well as build an academic and professional portfolio. Each academic year in high school, students complete an independent study module, for which they receive one-half unit of academic credit.

These modules allow students to pursue their unique areas of interest. Academic advisors play a key role in guiding and empowering students to develop their own perfect study module. Independent Study Modules follow a three-term arc: Research, Application, and Presentation. At the end of this progression students will have developed robust independent learning skills, pursued an idea within their own interest area, and developed a presentation to share their learning with their fellow students.

: Independent Study Module – The Harbour School
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What is the difference between thesis and independent study?

Independent studies may not be on topics covered by existing offerings in the department, even if they are not offered that particular semester. Theses are generally on open research problems. However, unlike a graduate thesis, students are not required to obtain a positive result.
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What is the word for studying by yourself?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia “Self-taught” redirects here. For the hip hop group, see Self Taught, “Self-taught learner” redirects here. For the Lissy Trullie album, see Self-Taught Learner, Autodidacticism (also autodidactism ) or self-education (also self-learning and self-teaching ) is education without the guidance of masters (such as teachers and professors ) or institutions (such as schools).
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Who is an independent learner?

What Exactly is Independent Learning? – An independent learner is one who can take responsibility for their own learning. These are students who can take initiative and make good decisions without needing help from teachers. Developing independent learners is important to help students advance in their academic performance and stay motivated.

When students shift to independent learning, they often have more control over their time. They can decide when and where to spend their time and, with the right nurturing, they will decide on their own to spend it efficiently. Becoming an independent learner comes alongside an increased feeling of responsibility and accountability for personal success and failure.

This can be especially motivating as students may feel a strong sense of pride when they see positive progress in their academics.
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What is an example of a directed study?

Assigning Appropriate Levels of Credits – According to the federal definition of “credit hour,” the amount of credit for regular group instruction is such that each credit should be equivalent to one hour of classroom instruction and a minimum of two hours of additional student work per week over 15 weeks, or the equivalent effort over a different timeframe, or an amount of academic work equivalent to what would be expected in other for-credit activity.

For directed study and other forms of independent study and one-on-one instruction, the amount of work and learning must be consistent with that required in a group instruction course of the same number of credits. Given this federal mandate and the ambiguity inherent in the wording, determining the appropriate equivalent effort of a directed study experience to group instruction requires judgment.

Directed study encompasses a broad range of student learning experiences (examples include laboratory work, research projects, creative productions, faculty-supervised peer-mentor experiences, and academically supervised internships). No single standard can apply to all of the possible experiences.

Credit levels must be justified in the plan of study and must be consistent with the standards of the discipline. Students must register for credits appropriate to the plan for the directed study, consistent with the required amount of direct faculty instruction time, work expected of the student, graded papers or projects or other activities, and the learning expectations.

There must be meaningful interaction between the instructor and student throughout the term of study, in keeping with the standards of the department or program. Examples of reasonable standards for credit include, but are not limited to:

Reading literary works related to a specific topic, 3 credits: The student read a short novel every week, discussed the reading with the professor in a weekly face-to-face meeting, and submitted a long paper at the end of the semester. Learning progress was evaluated based on weekly meetings with the professor and the final paper. The estimated amount of student work was 8-10 hours per week, including independent work and meetings with the professor. The weekly meeting can vary in length from 10 minutes to more than an hour and meeting formats may also include teleconferences and video conferencing such as Skype. Acting in a minor role for a full-scale theater production, 1 credit. In addition to regular rehearsal (approximately 50 hours over the course of the semester), the student met individually with the professor several times throughout the semester. Learning progress was evaluated based on the student’s progression and performance in rehearsals and the student’s demonstration of learning in meetings with the professor. Lab research, 3 credits. The student conducted a lab-based experimental research project, which was defined in consultation with a professor. The student met periodically (at least once every three weeks) in a scheduled meeting with the professor (face-to-face, teleconference, or video-conference/Skype) and also in unscheduled lab conversations. The student was also mentored by graduate students and post-docs who were lab collaborators also under the supervision of the major professor. The student spent a significant number of hours reading independently and in the lab collecting data. The student’s learning was evaluated by demonstrated development of competence in the lab setting and in one-on-one meetings with the instructor, and was also based on written reports submitted by the student. Supervised peer mentoring and peer instruction, 3 credits: Senior undergraduates enrolled for 699 credits for a learning experience that involved their role as peer-instructors for an introductory course. The peer instructors have an intentional learning experience that helps them develop leadership skills, organizational skills, and problem-solving, and deepen their own disciplinary learning through supporting the primary instructor in an introductory lab. Students participate in the instructional lab for 3 hours a week, in course meetings for 1 hour a week, do supervised grading for about 1 hour a week, and work on a major paper on their experience which they submit at the end of the semester. Team Research, 3 credits. A group of 3 students conduct a lab-based team research project. The nature of the research is such that numerous techniques must be learned by the team as a whole in order to achieve the research goals. Each team member performs some tasks separately from other team members and performs other tasks together with team members. Some training and daily oversight are provided by graduate students and postdocs. The members of the undergraduate team meet periodically (at least once every three weeks) in scheduled face‐to‐face meetings with the professor and also in unscheduled lab conversations. Each student’s learning will be evaluated by demonstrated development of competence in the lab setting and in one‐on‐one meetings with the instructor, and will also be based on written reports submitted by the student.

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Note that a research paper on its own is not considered the equivalent of a credit’s worth of work if it is not accompanied by instructor contact and supervision.
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What is difficulty in independent learning?

The Problem of Incomplete Work – This has been the most common problem we’ve come across with independent learning. When kids are left to learn on their own with little accountability it is easy to not complete an assignment here or there or to mark something off even when they haven’t done it.
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What is an example of an independent sample?

Independent sample – In independent samples (or unpaired sample), the values come from two or more different groups. For example, if the group of men and the group of women are asked about their income, independent samples exist. In this case, a person from one sample cannot be assigned to a person from the other sample.
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What is an independent design study?

1. Independent Measures – Independent measures design, also known as, is an experimental design where different participants are used in each condition of the independent variable. This means that each condition of the experiment includes a different group of participants. What Does Independent Study Mean In College

  • Con : More people are needed than with the repeated measures design (i.e., more time-consuming).
  • Pro : Avoids order effects (such as practice or fatigue) as people participate in one condition only. If a person is involved in several conditions, they may become bored, tired, and fed up by the time they come to the second condition or become wise to the requirements of the experiment!
  • Con : Differences between participants in the groups may affect results, for example, variations in age, gender, or social background. These differences are known as participant variables (i.e., a type of ).
  • Control : After the participants have been recruited, they should be randomly assigned to their groups. This should ensure the groups are similar, on average (reducing participant variables).

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What is a Dependant study?

Independent vs. Dependent Variable – In a psychology experiment, researchers study how changes in one variable (the independent variable) change another variable (the dependent variable). Manipulating independent variables and measuring the effect on dependent variables allows researchers to draw conclusions about cause-and-effect relationships.
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What is an example of a study with independent and dependent variables?

In Experiment – Independent and Dependent Variables – In an experiment, the independent variable is the characteristic that is manipulated by the researcher to gauge the effect of the changes on the dependent variable. Note that, it is always the resulting change on the dependent variable that is measured by altering the independent variable.

For example, you want to determine the effect of exposure to classical music on the test scores in math. To see the changes in the test score you divide students into two groups. Students in Group A listened to classical music for an hour every day for two months. Students in Group B were not instructed to listen to classical music.

After two months students of both groups were given a math test. It was seen that Group A performed better than Group B. In the experiment, test score in math exam was the dependent variable and the exposure or lack thereof to classical music was the independent variable.

    • As a researcher, you may want to learn how a single Independent Variable can impact two different dependent variables.

For example, you run an experiment to learn how playing video games impact a teenager’s memory as well as their mood. In the experiment, while playing video games is your independent variable, the teenager’s memory, and mood are your two dependent variables.

    • Similarly, independent variables can have different levels. In some experiments, you may need to use multiple independent variables to see the various effects they may have on the single dependent variable,

For example, you want to see how a healthy diet can help with weight loss. So, you will look for several types of a healthy diet and their impact on weight. In this case, different types of diet would be your different levels of the independent variable, while weight loss is the outcome that makes it the dependent variable.

    • Applying two levels of IV can tell you if it has any effect on the DV.
    • Applying multiple levels of IV can show you how it influences the outcome of DV.
    • In some cases of experimental research, it is not possible to change the independent variable.

For example, you want to see whether age impacts weight gain.

    • Age is your Independent Variable
    • Weight gain is your Dependent Variable

You cannot control the age of the people you are studying to understand its impact on weight gain. So, you compare the factors that had an effect on weight and the factors that did not. Comparing the difference in the other factors you can learn the changes in the weight of a person caused by their age.
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What is an example of independent and dependent research?

Independent and Dependent Variable Examples –

In a study to determine whether how long a student sleeps affects test scores, the independent variable is the length of time spent sleeping while the dependent variable is the test score.You want to compare brands of paper towels, to see which holds the most liquid. The independent variable in your experiment would be the brand of paper towel. The dependent variable would be the amount of liquid absorbed by the paper towel.In an experiment to determine how far people can see into the infrared part of the spectrum, the wavelength of light is the independent variable and whether the light is observed (the response) is the dependent variable.If you want to know whether caffeine affects your appetite, the presence/absence of a given amount of caffeine would be the independent variable. How hungry you are would be the dependent variable.You want to determine whether a chemical is essential for rat nutrition, so you design an experiment. The presence/absence of the chemical is the independent variable. The health of the rat (whether it lives and can reproduce) is the dependent variable. If you determine the substance is necessary for proper nutrition, a follow-up experiment might determine how much of the chemical is needed. Here, the amount of chemical would be the independent variable and the rat health would be the dependent variable.

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