How Much Does Bilingual Education Cost?

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How Much Does Bilingual Education Cost
The cost of dual language education ranged from $896 to $1,568 across schools, representing an increase in expenditures of between 10% to 16%. The study also shows that start-up costs represent a substantial proportion of the overall costs of implementing dual language education models.
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What are the financial benefits of being bilingual?

Do you command two or more languages? Congratulations! Regardless of how you became proficient—at school, at home, or during your travels—learning a language takes a lot of time, work, and dedication. In the increasingly globalized and interconnected world, being able to communicate in more than one language is a highly marketable skill that often commands a higher salary.

  • In fact, research shows that those who are bilingual or multilingual can earn 5%-20% more per hour than those who aren’t.
  • What’s more, bilingual and multilingual jobs are on the rise.
  • In today’s global economy, employers are looking for candidates who can effectively communicate across cultural divides and help expand business globally.

And that means that as a bilingual or multilingual, you possess a competitive advantage over your monolingual peers. In this post, we explore five reasons why it pays to be bilingual/multilingual.1. Increasing Demand for Bilingual & Multilingual Jobs There is no denying it—for the past several years there has been a steady growth in the demand for bilingual and multilingual jobs.

9 out of 10 employers rely on employees who can speak languages other than English.56% reported that their demand for bi/multilingual speakers will increase in the next five years.1 in 3 reported a language skills gap.1 in 4 has lost business due to a lack of foreign language skills.

As you can see, language proficiency is a high-demand skill, and many employers are willing to pay more to attract and retain bilingual and multilingual talent.2. Increased Job Opportunities Being proficient in more than one language opens many opportunities, both domestically and internationally.

Many businesses hire bilingual and multilingual employees to reach customers who prefer to communicate in languages other than English. Others, such as healthcare centers, hospitals, and state and local governments, seek multilingual speakers to comply with laws and regulations. Finally, there are companies who are expanding business globally into diverse markets and need employees who can communicate clearly with their global colleagues and customers.

Are you curious which bilingual/multilingual jobs are in the highest demand? Departments with the greatest foreign language skills needs are customer service, sales, marketing, management, and IT. This article from Indeed lists the top 13 best career choices for bilinguals.

  1. So, if you command more than one language, there are job opportunities both domestically and internationally available to you that your monolingual peers do not have.
  2. And many employers are willing to pay more for your language skills! 3.
  3. Competitive Edge Being bilingual or multilingual is rapidly becoming a necessary job qualification.

Indeed lists bilingualism as one of the top in-demand skills for today’s work environment, so your command of more than one language sets you apart from the hundreds of other applicants for the job that you want. In today’s global economy, more and more companies are searching for diverse, bilingual and multilingual employees who can serve their diverse clients both domestically and globally.

In a highly competitive market, such employees are hard to find. Your language skills make you stand out to potential employers and boost you to the top of the interview list. Read more: How to Highlight Your Language Skills to Get Noticed 4. Better problem-solving, decision-making, and multitasking skills Did you know bilinguals and multilinguals are great multitaskers, problem solvers, and decision makers? There are multiple studies that show cognitive advantages of multilingualism.

For example, a study done by the National Institute of Health shows that multilinguals are much better and faster at switching tasks than their monolingual counterparts. In a corporate environment where flexibility and the ability to pivot quickly is important, bilingual and multilingual employees can be a great asset.

Another study has found that multilingual speakers process information faster and more efficiently than their monolingual colleagues, making them excellent problem solvers and quick thinkers. These are qualities you definitely want to make known while job hunting.5. Improved communication Since learning another language also means learning about the culture of the new language, bilingual and multilingual speakers can understand cultural nuances, empathize with speakers of that language, and close the cultural and linguistic gap.

And that’s a valuable skill for employers who are looking to expand and reach diverse markets. There are millions of people in the U.S. who prefer to communicate in a language other than English. In fact, 76% of customers said they’re more likely to purchase a product if information is available in their own language.

  1. Employees who can communicate with non-English speaking customers in their preferred language build deeper and longer lasting relationships.
  2. This is even more important when a company is looking to expand its business globally.
  3. Those employees are not only able to communicate easily with global customers but can also understand and interpret cultural details and nuances that influence customers’ decisions.

Proficient? Prove It with Language Certification If you speak more than one language, you possess a highly marketable skill. Proving your language ability sets you apart from the hundreds of other applicants for the job that you want. Instead of simply stating on your resume that you have skills in a language, you can demonstrate your specific level of proficiency with an official language credential, instantly standing out to potential employers.

Language Testing International (LTI) offers proficiency tests and language certificates for professionals in over 120 different languages. For individuals who wish to certify specific language skills, we offer ACTFL certifications in listening, reading, speaking, and writing. There are many benefits of certifying your language skills.

Watch this video to learn more. Ready to get certified? Start here,
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Is bilingual education the same as ESL?

Bilingual Education – The biggest differences between ESL vs. bilingual education are:

In a bilingual program, the non-native English speakers all have the same language background, and the teacher speaks both languages as a means of content instruction.In the ESL classroom, the students come from various language backgrounds, and the teacher only speaks English.

There are two types of bilingual education, and both have a main goal of teaching English to non-native speakers while also teaching the necessary grade-level or course curriculum.
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Is it easier to get a job if you are bilingual?

Other Advantages of Learning English as a Second Language – In addition to better job opportunities, learning a second language benefits your brain! Those who speak more than one language can switch between tasks more quickly than those who only speak one.

So, not only does the skill of speaking a second language help your career, but it gives you additional skills that help you thrive in a corporate environment. Furthermore, the ability to switch between languages gives you the edge in processing information faster and more efficiently, giving you outstanding problem-solving and quick decision-making skills.

Employers love to see these problem-solving and fast-thinking skills. In addition, some studies suggest these enhanced cognitive skills protect against dementia and other degenerative brain diseases. When you learn another language, you also learn about the culture attached to the language.

  1. So, bilingual and multilingual speakers empathize with multiple cultures and understand cultural nuances better than those who only speak one language.
  2. In addition, learning a language and culture helps close any gap in communication between people from different places.
  3. Not only does closing a cultural gap help in the workplace, but it also helps in social situations.

What more reason do you need to have a bilingual education?
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Which type of bilingual education is best?

When is this kind of education beneficial to learners? – Virtually any child growing up bilingual (whatever their language arrangements are) will benefit from these programs in some way. Maintenance bilingual education has been proven to be an effective language education model, teaching children the dominant and their native language simultaneously.

Jobs for bilinguals Benefits of being bilingual Benefits of a bilingual education

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How does being bilingual make you more money?

When Spanish-speaking customers came into the restaurant where Maria Piedrahita’s used to work as a food server, she would assist them in Spanish so that “they could communicate more comfortably,” she said. Piedrahita wasn’t getting paid to speak Spanish at work.

  1. However, she would step into these shoes if she knew it would benefit both the customer and the employer’s business.
  2. She never once considered the fact that she wasn’t being paid to use that skill.
  3. I’ve always been told it’s great to know a second language, but I’ve never been explicitly told by an employer that I would benefit financially,” Piedrahita said.

“It would be nice to be compensated because not everyone can speak the language and to the level of fluency I can.” Now, she works at an organization where she helps Spanish-speaking students apply for school and other certifications where her bilingual skills are required, so proper compensation was tied into her offer package.

However, it still begs the question: how much should employers pay bilingual employees when they are using the skill consistently at work and bringing more customers in? According to research, bilingual or multilingual employees can earn 5% to 20% more per hour than those who aren’t. Factors like how often someone will speak in that language and if they are transcribing or interpreting as well are all taken into consideration when determining their salary.

Either way, being able to speak more than one language can immediately set someone apart from other applicants for the job. And now that remote working has driven an increase in the number of international hires made, working in a second language has become the default,

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So, some say those candidates who are bilingual should start ensuring their salary reflects the use of an extra skill. As many as nine in 10 employers rely on employees who can speak languages other than English, according to a 2019 survey of U.S. employers conducted by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages.

And 56% of the 1,200 senior managers and HR execs surveyed reported that their demand for bilingual and multilingual speakers will increase over the next five years. “Having a differential pay policy is usually best for consistency purposes.” Yvette Lee, a knowledge advisor at the Society for Human Resource Management. Yet, not all bilingual speakers know this and vouch for themselves. Christian Maldonado, who is Salvadoran and Guatemalan, uses his TikTok platform to educate other Spanish speakers on what they can ask for in the workplace.

A video he posted in October, viewed over 11 million times, breaks down why bilingual pay is important. It’s a depiction of himself asking for a raise after speaking Spanish with customers, and when the employer says no, he stops speaking Spanish and in turn the company loses customers. “But you literally speak Spanish,” the employer said when he stops addressing Spanish-speaking customers.

In return, he responded “not according to my paycheck.” In the video’s mock scenario, the employer understands better and gives him a raise. Yvette Lee, a knowledge advisor at the Society for Human Resource Management states that it’s best for a company to have a pay policy in place when hiring those who are bilingual, which in turn also helps with pay transparency, which is being required by more and more companies as pay transparency laws pass in different states.

  • Having a differential pay policy is usually best for consistency purposes,” said Lee, who found that this might look like an additional percentage on an hourly basis, a bonus at the end of the month, or a different pay structure.
  • People management expert Sophie Theen said that, for example, when she worked at image content platform BOOM, the hiring of multilingual sales representatives had a premium rate salary as per the policy there.

“That was because they were hired specially to win businesses and clients within a certain market that we believe would give us an advantage using their language skills,” she said. However, it often depends on other factors too. Tom Connolly, chro at global executive search firm Kingsley Gate Partners, said that they have two clients headquartered in Italy where it’s very important that their U.S.

teams can speak Italian, which narrows the candidate pool. They recognize the skill might add 15% to 20% to an offer. On the other hand, they have a Latin America-based client with a U.S. headquarters in Miami. While the Spanish-speaking skills are just as important, the candidate pool is relatively deep so they don’t find themselves needed to pay a significant premium for a bilingual staff.

Before an employer agrees that differential pay is required, most companies work with a third party to do a skills assessment to gauge how fluent someone is. ALTA Language Services, for example, is a business-to-business company that provides language proficiency testing, among other services, across several industries including healthcare, airlines and education.

“It’s important to test people pre-employment and get an understanding of what language skills they have and then pay them fairly,” said Nicole Tavarez, director of sales at ALTA, who is also bilingual herself. Although someone might be able to speak two languages, it doesn’t necessarily mean that they have the skills to be a translator or interpreter, she said.

The latter also requires a higher level of written and verbal skills, respectively. “It’s important to test people pre-employment and get an understanding of what language skills they have and then pay them fairly.” How Much Does Bilingual Education Cost Nicole Tavarez, director of sales at ALTA. “Testing gives an employer the assurance that someone has the language skills they say they do,” said Tavarez. Having that solid evidence could help an employee vouch for the pay they think is fair depending on the skills they have.

  1. If someone ends up speaking more of another language that wasn’t originally intended, Theen encourages them to speak with management.
  2. If it is proven that they have been consistently asked to use their second language to bring more success to the company and the outcome has been obvious, then I would recommend they raise it with their manager as a proposed role change,” said Theen.

“It is the same example as someone who was hired as an individual contributor but is now managing two new people, you would have expected the natural next step is to ask for recognition for this role change. So, if the language is a skill that is expected to bring more growth, then this in fact is a role change or role expansion, which certainly warrants a pay change.” Similar to whenever someone asks for a pay increase, Lee encourages that individual to come prepared with compiled data on how much they are using that skill at work, what others make in similar roles, and why they believe they should be compensated additionally for it.
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What are the 3 types of bilingualism?

Tool Module: Different Types of Bilingualism Tool Module: Different Types of Bilingualism To learn his or her first language, a child spends quite a while listening, repeating, and learning by trial and error during the first five years of life. There’s no way to do the same thing once children have begun school and are trying to learn a second language in a class held for only one or two hours per week.

So how do the students learn a second language when the teacher is speaking only that language and they understand only perhaps a quarter of the words? First of all, they go by the many clues that help them to decipher the message, such as the intonation, which often conveys a speaker’s intentions, for good or ill, and the context, which in a classroom might be the stated subject of the day’s lesson or the photo illustrating the day’s reading.

Second, the students also learn by memorizing word lists, grammatical rules, verb conjugations, and so on. This way of learning a second language is quite different from the trial-and-error method by which young children learn their mother tongue without even realizing it.

One important difference is that with the second language, the child’s desire to communicate is not remotely so strong, especially in a school setting. (In contrast, learning a second language is easier when the learners are immersed in a community where this language is spoken, probably because that gives them more incentive to use it.) A lesser degree of motivation has also been correlated with lower dopamine levels, which is what one would expect for a neurotransmitter associated with pleasure and desire.

Practicing a language in an environment where it is spoken is what lets us internalize its grammar. When we are learning our mother tongue, it is through repeated exposure to certain kinds of sentences that we implicitly encode the grammatical rules involved and eventually come to understand and produce our own sentences effortlessly.

Bilingualism is divided into three different types. Both co-ordinated bilingualism and compound bilingualism develop in early childhood and are classified as forms of early bilingualism. The third type is late bilingualism, which develops when a second language is learned after age 12. In co-ordinated bilingualism, children develop two parallel linguistic systems, so that for any one word, the child has two signifiers and two signifieds.

One situation in which a child may develop co-ordinated bilingualism is when the two parents have different mother tongues and each parent speaks only his or her own mother tongue to the child. In response, the child constructs two separate linguistic systems and can handle each of them easily.

Another such situation is when relatively young children who have already mastered their mother tongue are adopted by parents who speak a different language. Once again, the distinction between the two languages is crystal-clear for the child. In compound bilingualism, children have only one signified for two signifiers and so cannot detect the conceptual differences between the two languages.

Compound bilingualism is what occurs when both parents are bilingual and both parents speak to the child in both languages indiscriminately. The child will grow up to speak both languages effortlessly and without an accent, but will never master all the subtleties of either of them.

  1. In other words, the child will not really have a mother tongue.
  2. There are of course, some cases of bilingualism that lie between these extremes, because people’s educational, social, and work environments also influence their acquisition of a second language.
  3. Late bilingualism is defined in contrast to early bilingualism, because late bilingualism is developed after the critical period for language learning.

In such cases, it is thought that when people acquire their second language through immersion in a community that speaks it, implicit memory plays more of a role, whereas when they do so solely through formal classroom studies, explicit memory is more involved.

Tool Module: Different Types of Bilingualism
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Can you teach ESL without being bilingual?

Do ESL teachers have to be bilingual? – No, ESL (English as a Second Language) teachers do not have to be bilingual. Being bilingual is not a requirement for teaching English abroad either. Fluency in English is sufficient to create an immersive classroom where students can actively learn the language without the need for another language.

  • The Requirements to teach English Abroad
  • The Requirements to teach English Online
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Now that you know there is no need to know another language to teach English abroad, let’s break down this topic into 4 main categories.
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Should ESL teachers be bilingual?

English as a Second Language (ESL) teachers do not need to be bilingual; many schools use the ‘full immersion’ method of the teacher only speaking English to the student, and the student must respond in English.
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Is it ever too late to become bilingual?

And while it’s never too late to begin learning a language, it’s never too early, either. The earlier children emerge as bilinguals, the more years they have to benefit from the many blessings that being bilingual confers.
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Are you smart if you are bilingual?

Does bilingualism make you smarter? In one sense, of course it does. You know two languages instead of one, already an advantage. Studies also show that bilingualism makes you better at learning additional languages and detecting language sounds, even when you’re very young.
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How fluent do you have to be to be bilingual?

If you’re able to speak two languages fluently, you can call yourself bilingual. In this age of global connectivity, many people are even multilingual and have mastered several languages. Why then is there a continuing discussion on what bilingual means? In the following, we’ll tackle the subject of native speakers, language proficiency, and even “translanguage”.

What is Bilingualism? How do you become bilingual? Is bilingualism a question of proficiency? Bilingual language used as translanguage The benefits of being bilingual

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What country has the best foreign language education?

Cyprus takes top spot – Internationally mobile children and their families have many options when it comes to selecting schools and education while on the move. Language is often an important consideration. Digital learning platform Preply ‘s Worldwide Language Index provides some useful background information into how language infrastructure both at and beyond school lends itself to foreign language acquisition.

  1. the number of official languages
  2. the degree of multilingualism
  3. language learning at school
  4. level of command of best-known foreign language
  5. access to language learning through technology
  6. subtitles and voiceover
  7. and language diversity.

Luxembourg ranks first in the index as the best country overall for language learning, with the maximum scores for children learning a foreign language in primary school and mastery of second languages. The Grand Duchy is followed by Cyprus, which scored the maximum marks for foreign-language learning, language learning at school and subtitling, while Sweden is third.
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Which country teaches languages the best?

20 July 2016

Luxembourg is the country where most languages are taught during secondary education In most European countries, the holiday season is about to start. For many people this is also the time of the year they will travel abroad and discover new places. When travelling abroad it might require you to speak another language than your mother tongue.

Which country in Europe would be able to speak most foreign languages? The European Union publishes Open Data for each country on how many different languages are learned per pupil in secondary education, both at lower and upper level (ISCED level 2 and ISCED level 3, read more about the levels here ).

The number is obtained by dividing the total number of pupils learning a foreign language by the number of pupils at that level. A foreign language is defined as follows by the European Union: ” A foreign language is recognised as such in the curriculum or other official document relating to education in the country.

  • Irish, Luxembourgish and regional languages are excluded, although provision may be made for them in certain Member States.
  • Allowing for exceptions, when one of the national languages is taught in schools where it is not the teaching language, it is not considered as a foreign language.
  • The number of languages taught in upper secondary schools can be found in the table below.

Note that some of the larger countries, such as Spain and the UK, are missing. Unfortunately their data was missing from the data set used to calculate this table. Looking at the results, one can conclude that Luxembourg is the country where most languages are learned during secondary upper education.
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Do bilinguals have higher IQ?

In an increasingly globalised world, there are many practical benefits to speaking two languages rather than one. Even in the US, which is largely monolingual, more than 20 percent of the population is now thought to speak a second language. Early research on bilingualism, conducted before the 1960s, however, linked bilingualism with lower IQ scores, cognitive deficiencies and even mental retardation.

  1. These studies reported that monolingual children were up to three years ahead of bilingual children in both verbal and non-verbal intelligence.
  2. From these studies, there grew a perception among the general public that bilingualism led to a ‘language handicap’.
  3. Speaking with my own students about their childhood experiences, I found that many of them were discouraged from speaking two languages while growing up.

This was based on a misperception that doing so would delay development,” says Assistant Professor Yang Hwajin, a cognitive and developmental psychologist from the Singapore Management University (SMU) School of Social Sciences. Since then, these early language studies have been widely discredited, and linguists no longer believe that bilingualism results in cognitive deficiencies.

  • What we have found in the last three decades is that bilingualism has substantial impact on cognitive function – the way that we think, make decisions, perceive things, solve decisions, and so on,” she notes.
  • In fact, multi-lingualism can confer a very beneficial form of cognitive training, says Professor Yang.

“For example, I speak Korean and English. When I speak English, I have to inhibit thoughts about Korean grammar, and focus on English grammar, as the two languages do not share any grammatical structure. Speaking these two languages has trained me to inhibit distractions and focus better.” Professor Yang’s research into bilingualism grew naturally from her interest in the factors that influence executive function.

The brain’s executive function directs the processes that allow us to solve crossword puzzles, deconstruct the latest Game of Thrones episode, or recall what we had for dinner last week. Being bilingual has been shown to improve the brain’s executive function, and even delay the onset of dementia or Alzheimer’s disease.

“I was interested in the factors influencing such executive control, as they can in turn shape our performance in work, school, and other parts of our life. After all, most critical cognitive functions affect our lives in various settings, regardless of age,” she says.

Language power Professor Yang is particularly impressed by the high extent of bilingualism in Singapore, which is a contrast to her homeland of South Korea where most of the population is monolingual. There, speaking two languages is limited mostly to those with high socioeconomic status. “Whenever I speak even to taxi drivers here, they often speak multiple languages – English, Mandarin, and one or more Chinese dialects,” she says.

Singapore, as such, has proven a fertile ground for Professor Yang to study the relationship between multi-lingualism and cognition, though she has faced challenges in collecting data. “I study bilingual children, and sometimes even infants raised in a bilingual context.

  1. Since parents are busy people, we visit day care centres and ask for parental consent for the children to be involved in research.
  2. But parents and day care teachers are reluctant to do so, as there is still a tendency to disbelieve the potential impact of such research,” she notes.
  3. Professor Yang’s work with children has already seen results, however.

One study saw her examine the impact of being raised in a bilingual versus monolingual household for children of low economic status. “Children of low socioeconomic status generally have lower cognitive function than those with high socioeconomic status.

  1. This might be because both parents are out working to earn money, leaving them home alone and without intellectual stimulation,” she explains.
  2. Here, bilingualism appears to be a form of intervention to promote executive function.
  3. Professor Yang found that low socioeconomic status children who spoke two languages performed much better in behavioural tests than their monolingual counterparts.

Interestingly, she uncovered similar observations in another study that involved infants, instead of children, of low socioeconomic status. “Since infants cannot verbalise or express themselves, we define bilingual infants via the number of languages they are exposed to.

For example, an infant exposed to English 60 percent of the time, and Mandarin 40 percent of the time, would be considered bilingual,” she says. “Surprisingly, we found that even bilingual infants from low socioeconomic status demonstrated greater cognitive development than monolingual infants of the same status.

This implies that bilingualism could help the development of children in deprived environments.” Boosting brain power with bilingualism Other studies have shown that bilingualism can be used in a clinical setting to help children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or patients with impaired cognitive function.

Professor Yang also hopes to demonstrate its benefits to individuals who do not demonstrate cognitive impairment. Another area that Professor Yang would like to explore is the biology behind second language acquisition. Specifically, do bilingual speakers exhibit different patterns in their brain anatomy and physiology? “So far we have focused on behavioural data, such as job performance and aptitude.

We have not yet touched on neuroscience – the brain – particularly in the Asian context. For example, it would be interesting to examine what changes bilingualism has made to my brain in the last 20 years, and if that can in turn be associated with my behaviour,” she muses.
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Do bilinguals think in two languages?

Speaking a second language makes you see the world differently | Lancaster University Bilingual speakers have two minds in one body, new research has revealed.

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Speaking two languages literally changes the way we see the world, and bilingual speakers think differently to those who only use their native tongue.The new research by Panos Athanasopoulos, Professor of Linguistics and English language at Lancaster University, has found that bilinguals think and behave like two different people, depending on the language context they are operating in.Bilingual speakers can also switch flexibly between the two different mental states, and this gives them an advantage over people who only speak one language, the research has shown.Professor Athanasopoulos said: “Our research looked at people who can speak both English and German, and showed that bilinguals think and behave like two different people, depending on the language they are using.”We found that speaking different languages affected people’s memory of events, and impacted on the way they would carry out simple tasks.”Our findings show that if you asked someone a question in English, and then repeated the same question in German, it’s very likely they would give completely different answers.

“Fluent German-English bilinguals categorise events according to the vocabulary constraints of the language in which they are speaking. In German, speakers tend to focus on the beginnings, middles, and ends of events. In English, speakers often leave out the endpoints and focus in on the action.

  • The research involved showing bilinguals video-clips of people completing everyday tasks, like walking from a supermarket and getting into a car, and asking them to describe what they saw.
  • When speaking English the participants zoomed in and focused on specific actions, describing the clip as a ‘woman is walking’.

Whereas when speaking German, the participants tended to zoom out and describe the complete action – they would recall the woman leaving the supermarket and getting into her car. Professor Athanasopoulos explained: “The results show that language clearly has a big effect on what we notice and how we see the world around us, and there is no doubt that language shapes our thinking.” The research has also shown that bilinguals’ second language is always active in the background, and it gives them a “brain boost”, as they become trained to think more effectively and switch between the two languages.

  • Professor Athanasopoulos’ research, which has just been published in the journal, was undertaken in England and Germany, and compared groups of German and English undergraduate students.
  • Some students only spoke their native tongue, while others spoke both German and English.
  • Comparing groups of students ruled out the possibility that culture, rather than language, affected the way the participants saw the world.

: Speaking a second language makes you see the world differently | Lancaster University
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Is being bilingual valuable?

2. It can give children an academic advantage. – Studies have shown that bilingual children can outperform monolingual children in a number of subject areas. The effects of bilingualism can help improve a child’s educational development, cognitive functions, social skills, literacy, and emotional skills that have positive effects for many years to come.
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What is the best age to learn a second language?

The best age to learn a new language – The most recent major study on language learning and age was conducted by researchers at Harvard and MIT. It concluded that starting to learn a new language before age 10 will give a learner the best chance of achieving proficiency similar to that of a native speaker.
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What is it called when you can read a language but not speak it?

Growing up in a country as multilingual and diverse as India gives one the ability to pick up at least two or three languages to be used on a daily basis. But, some people may end up getting the shorter end of the stick — they can sometimes only understand a language without actually being able to speak it — a phenomenon officially called receptive multilingualism.

  • This is often more commonly described as passive multilingualism — which implies one knows but can’t assert any agency over the language.
  • But that categorization is misleading because the brain works quite hard to channel languages for the purpose of communication.
  • There are two parts of the brain involved in the process of speaking and understanding language — Wernicke’s area in the temporal lobe (located under the ears), which comprehends language, while Broca’s area in the frontal lobe (located behind the forehead) deals with speaking language.

Both regions stretch between the left and right hemispheres of the brain and are connected by axons (neuron stems) known as the arcuate fasciculus, which act as a link to transfer information about languages between both brain areas. Receptive multilingualism occurs because there is a radical difference in the cognitive efforts required to undertake the brain activity of comprehending a language and speaking it.

  • If you’ve been exposed to a language for a sufficient period of time, understanding it is easier and faster than communicating in it.
  • This is because understanding a language involves the brain’s ability to infer things from phonemes — distinct units of sound that help us differentiate between words — which the brain then segments into phrases or sentences.

The rest is worked out by our ability to infer what the other person means. Think of it this way: assume you grew up listening to your family speak English though you only speak Hindi. Now, if a person says, “The weather is quite hot outside!” — your brain picked up weather, hot, and outside, because you’ve heard them say those words before, which allowed you to infer the person is telling you about the hot weather outside.

  1. This ability is boosted if the language you understand is related to the language you speak.
  2. For instance, if you speak Malayalam, you’re likely to find understanding Tamil easier, as they are both are rooted in the Indo-Dravidian language family.
  3. Related on The Swaddle: From ‘Cunt’ to ‘Careerwoman’: the Many Ways in Which Language Propagates Sexism However, speaking language is a whole different ball game, with a significantly higher cognitive load.

First, you must come up with how you would like to respond — say. you agree and want to talk about how you miss the monsoon. Your brain has immediately responded internally with ‘ kaash barish ka mausam hota,’ Now, you must morph it into the very specific linguistic sentence structures and phrasing unique to the English language — you can’t directly translate it to ‘wish rain of season would’ because that makes no sense as an English phrase.

  • Your brain needs to rewire your Hindi response to ‘I wish it was the rainy season.’ After that, your brain must recall the ways in which the words are pronounced and speak them.
  • This particular set of functions are possible only via repeated practice, almost like we’re training the brain’s muscle.
  • The cognitive load of understanding several languages and switching between them at high speed while understanding and speaking is serious business: it is intense enough to boost gray matter volume and increase the size of something called the anterior cingulate cortex, which plays a role in controlling what language we speak in a particular context.

It comes as no surprise that research uncovered a correlation between bilingual individuals in India and a slower rate of developing dementia — a disease staved off by increased brain exercise and more gray matter volume — than monolingual individuals.

  1. There is also a unique social phenomenon that prevents individuals from speaking languages they understand so well — fear of failure and shame.
  2. Individuals often don’t focus on learning to speak certain languages, as maybe the said language is irrelevant to their location and context.
  3. For example, second-generation immigrants favor learning the language spoken in the country they live in, rather than their mother tongue.

Lack of practice and exposure to a language can also erode an individual’s previously learned ability to speak it fluently, making them self-conscious of conversing in a particular language overall. This is uniquely reflected when certain people are able to speak foreign languages more fluently and confidently while inebriated or under deep hypnosis, when they aren’t as inhibited as they are while sober or conscious.

Receptive bilingualism is a unique linguistic phenomenon that highlights how language takes root and branches out into proper forms of communication. For those who’d like to do more than understand, the best way to move beyond merely understanding a language is to practice speaking it until you develop the confidence to be fluent.

The benefits of a bilingual brain – Mia Nacamulli

You could say practice speaks for itself — quite literally, in this case.
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What is it called if you speak 3 languages?

Monolingual – Speaks one language. Bilingual – Two different languages. Trilingual – Three different languages. Polyglot – (Three)/Four+ different languages. Hyperpolyglot – Six+ different languages.
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Why is being bilingual an asset?

Benefits of being bilingual beyond language – Your bilingual skill set can give you an edge whether you speak your second language in the workplace or not. Knowing two languages makes your brain more flexible ; switching between two sets of grammar rules, vocabulary, tones, and nuances is a lot of work! In fact, even if you’re only speaking one language, your brain activates both language systems and requires you to focus on one—making you a natural at complex mental tasks.
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What are the benefits of being bilingual advantages?

Research has found that babies raised in bilingual households show better self-control,8 a key indicator of school success. Bilingual and biliterate individuals have the opportunity to participate in the global community in more ways, get information from more places, and learn more about people from other cultures.
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What are the benefits of being bilingual in business?

Business Traveling and Networking – Language learning can offer employees the ability to travel for their work, visiting countries that give you the opportunity to be in a setting to truly practice your skills with the language. In addition to practice, being bilingual allows you to explore the world around you, learning about the culture and making both social and professional connections.
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