How Many Letters Of Rec For Med School?
How Many Letters Will You Need? – In most cases, schools request a minimum of three recommendations: two from science professors and one from a non-science professor or an extracurricular supervisor. Unless specifically instructed not to send additional letters, competitive applicants commonly send as many as six recommendations, including those from additional academic sources, clinical mentors, supervisors in extracurricular activities, and research sources.
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- 1 How many letters of recommendation do you need for Harvard medical school?
- 2 How many rec letters should I get?
- 3 Do rec letters matter a lot?
- 4 What makes a strong letter of rec?
- 5 Can I reuse lors?
- 6 How many lors are required for Harvard?
- 7 How many lors does MIT require?
- 8 Is five letters of recommendation too many?
- 9 How many references does Cambridge require?
- 10 How many letters of recommendation do you need for AAMC?
How many letters of recommendation do you need for Harvard medical school?
All letters of evaluation must be submitted to AMCAS. Applicants are allowed up to six (6) letters of recommendation in support of their application. When considering the total number of letters to submit, please note the following:
At least two (2) letters should be from professors in the sciences with whom they have taken classes. At least one (1) letter should be written by a professor who is not in the sciences. We should receive letters from all research supervisors for applicants to the MD-PhD program as well as applicants to the MD program. Applicants may exceed the six (6)-letter maximum if the additional letters are from research supervisors. If applicants wish to supplement a premedical advisory committee evaluation packet with additional letters of recommendation, they should count the packet as one (1) letter toward the six (6)-letter maximum. We do not require letters of recommendation from employers, but if applicants have been out of school and working they should have a letter sent from their place of employment.
While we strongly recommend meeting the criteria listed above, these are not strict requirements. Ultimately, the letters applicants choose to include are up to their own discretion. Applicants should choose the letters of evaluation they believe will best support their application.
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How many rec letters should I get?
What Else Do I Need? – Familiarize yourself with the different requirements among schools and pay close attention to their instructions. Most colleges will ask for up to three letters of recommendation, so keep that in mind and don’t overdo it. If a school wants two recommendation letters, only submit two.
- The goal is to maximize your chances of being accepted, so it’s important to keep the admissions officer in mind and avoid doing anything that makes their job harder.
- Also, remember that the people who write your letters of recommendation are doing you a big favor, so make sure to thank them and show your gratitude.
Hand-written thank you cards are always appreciated! If you follow these tips, you’ll be able to maximize your potential and turn your dream school into a reality. Now that you know what you need for your letters of recommendation, it’s time to start sending applications.
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Can you submit more than 3 letters of rec?
C. Recommendation Letters –
Most graduate schools require 3 letters of recommendation. However, you should double-check how many each school requires, and do NOT send more than asked for, Sending too many letters or information not requested by the school, can actually HURT your candidacy. Carefully decide who would be in the best position to assess your work in the field for which you are applying. Ideally, obtain letters from faculty members who know you well. You should have received an “A” in these professors’ classes and be able to approach them to discuss your graduate school plans. In a less ideal situation (and it happens to all of us!), approach lesser-known faculty members who are specialists in the field for which you want to apply. Not having recommendations from someone in the field you want to study is a big red flag for many schools! The next best letters would be faculty in other departments. You should NOT seek personal recommendations from family and friends. Give recommenders enough time to draft your letters ; two to three months is a good amount of time. You should also provide them with a CV or resume and a one-page write-up of your research interests, goals, and experience. These documents will give them additional information they can use to write their recommendation letters. You will probably need to provide them with login information and other instructions about how to use any applicable online recommendation services or complete any required forms. As a rule of thumb, don’t ask your recommenders to prepare more than 3 letters, Periodically check in with your recommenders to make sure they’re on track to complete letters by the deadline. However, don’t annoy them! Checking in once every few weeks should be sufficient. Generally, you can either waive the right to see a copy of the recommendation letter or not. We recommend that you always waive the right to access the recommendation letters, since this will give schools more confidence that the recommenders are writing honestly about their opinion of you. Therefore, make sure you choose people who will write positive recommendations! Sometimes, you might unintentionally learn of negative comments about you in one of the recommendation letters; or, perhaps you get waitlisted and the school tells you that you have received a negative recommendation. Don’t panic! You can look for two additional people to write you a positive recommendation. These references don’t need to be faculty members, but they should be able to provide a reasonably objective opinion. If you know which specific issues were raised in the negative review, you can ask the two new recommenders to address these point, Recommendation letter editing is recommended for referees whose native language is not English.
How many letters of recommendation do you need for UCLA medical school?
– We require 3 to 5 letters of recommendation. Letters should be from individuals who know the applicant well and have spent a significant time with them, e.g. PI or mentor. If your pre-health advisory office provides a committee letter, this letter will fulfill one letter requirement.
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How many letters of recommendation do you need for Yale medical school?
How to Apply All applicants to the Yale School of Medicine’s MD and MD/PhD programs must take the Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT). For information on the MCAT, including registering to take the test, test dates, test sites, fees and obtaining test results, see the,
- Earliest test date accepted for applications submitted in 2023: January 2020
- Latest test date accepted for applications submitted in 2023: Final test date in 2023
To apply to Yale School of Medicine, submit the AMCAS (American Medical College Application Service) application. This application will be sent to all the medical schools to which you apply. It can be found at, On the AMCAS application, you must indicate that you plan to apply to Yale School of Medicine.
- After submitting the AMCAS application, you will be invited to submit a secondary application to Yale.
- To complete the application process, applicants to the MD and MD/PhD programs must submit an online Yale Secondary Application, in addition to their AMCAS application.
- All applicants will be invited by email to submit a Yale Secondary Application after submitting the AMCAS application.
This email invitation should arrive within two weeks of submitting the AMCAS application to Yale, beginning in early July when the Yale Secondary Application goes live. You may not make any online changes to your Yale Secondary Application after it has been submitted.
- You must submit your changes in writing to the Office of Admissions by logging in to your application and clicking on the “Status” tab, then clicking on the “Communication” menu, then clicking on the button to send an email to the Admissions Office.
- If you wish to submit an update to your application at any time throughout the application season (before or after an interview), you may upload a,pdf document using the Document Upload tab in the Secondary Application.
If an important change in your contact information occurs after submitting your application, this information should be submitted to AMCAS. A Premedical Committee letter is recommended for all MD and MD/PhD candidates. If your school does not have a Premedical Committee, you may submit at least three individual letters of recommendation.
These letters should come from individuals who are in a position to comment knowledgeably on your accomplishments, abilities, experience, and/or personal qualifications. They may come from those who have taught you or worked with you in undergraduate or graduate school classes, in research settings, clinical settings, extracurricular or community service activities, professional settings, or other contexts.
It is helpful to have at least one of the letters from someone in the sciences, but this is not mandatory. What is important is that the letters provide information and support that will be informative and helpful to the Admissions Committee, supplementing the information that appears elsewhere in your application.
- AMCAS application and all required components of the application (see 2 and 5 below).
- Complete official transcripts from all colleges attended. Transcripts should be sent from the colleges directly to AMCAS.
- Yale Supplemental Application submitted online no later than November 15.
- An evaluation from the applicant’s Premedical Advisory Committee or individual letters from three of the applicant’s instructors, two of whom should be in science fields. These evaluations must be sent to the Office of Admissions via AMCAS Letter Service. Detailed instructions regarding electronic transmission of evaluation letters will be found in the General Information section of the Supplemental Application.
- Scores from the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) must be submitted in conjunction with the AMCAS application. For information on the MCAT, applicants should communicate directly with the MCAT Program Office, PO Box 4056, Iowa City IA 52243. Information on the MCAT can also be obtained online at, Scores of tests taken earlier than three years prior to submitting an application will not be accepted.
- A fee of $110 or an AMCAS fee waiver must accompany the Yale Supplemental Application. The fee is not refundable.
, Applicants invited for interviews will be notified via email. The Admissions Committee will notify all applicants of their decision by March 15. All students offered admission are required to respond to their offer by end of day April 30. Please note, if a date referenced in the “Decision Notification and Timeline” section falls on a weekend, the actual deadline date is the following Monday.
|Before April 15th
|Applicants wishing to defer an offer of admission for one year must submit their request before April 15 of the admissions cycle in which they were offered admission. See below for details above this limited deferral option.
|Admitted students should narrow their acceptance offers down to three schools.
|Before April 30th
|Accepted applicants who ‘commit’ or ‘plan’ to matriculate must immediately withdraw admission from all other schools. Applicants who ‘commit’ to matriculate also must immediately withdraw from waitlists at all other schools.
|April 30th – June 1st
|Waitlisted applicants accepted must ‘commit’ or ‘plan’ to matriculate within five business days and withdraw admission from all other schools. Applicants who ‘commit’ to matriculate also must immediately withdraw from waitlists at all other schools.
|After June 1st
|Waitlisted applicants accepted must ‘commit’ or ‘plan’ to matriculate within three business days and withdraw admission from all other schools. Applicants who ‘commit’ to matriculate also must immediately withdraw from waitlists at all other schools.
|By June 15th
|Applicants who ‘plan’ to matriculate must ‘commit’ to matriculate and immediately withdraw from waitlists at all other schools.
All applicants who are accepted and either ‘plan’ or ‘commit’ to enroll must immediately withdraw from all other schools to which they were offered admission. Applicants who ‘commit’ to enroll must also immediately withdraw from waitlists at all other schools.
- Applicants who are accepted and either ‘plan’ or ‘commit’ to enroll must also send a tuition deposit of $100 with their online response to reserve a place in the class.
- The deposit is refundable until April 30 and will be applied to tuition charges in the fall semester.
- Applicants who are accepted but do not respond to their offer of admission by end of day April 30 will have their offer of admission rescinded, unless they have been approved for an extension (due to extenuating circumstance) beyond this date by the YSM admissions office.
Applicants who are offered a position on the waitlist are required to respond by end of day April 30. Waitlisted applicants who do not accept a position on the waitlist by end of day April 30 will be removed from the waitlist and will not be further considered for admission in this cycle.
Applicants who are offered acceptance from the waitlist after April 30 and before June 1 will have five business days to respond to their offer. An applicant who does not respond within five business days will have their offer of admission rescinded, unless they have been approved for an extension (due to extenuating circumstance) beyond this date by the YSM admissions office.
Applicants who are offered acceptance from the waitlist after June 1 will have three business days to respond to their offer. An applicant who does not respond within three business days will have their offer of admission rescinded, unless they have been approved for an extension (due to extenuating circumstance) beyond this date by the YSM admissions office.
- Applicants who participate in the START program must ‘commit’ to enroll at YSM by 5:00pm EST the Friday before START and may not hold waitlist positions at any other schools.
- All other applicants intending to matriculate at YSM must ‘commit’ to enroll by 5:00pm EST June 15 and may not hold waitlist positions at any other schools.
YSM will not offer admission to students after our August matriculation date. Yale School of Medicine (YSM) will consider requests to defer an offer of admission for one year for academic reasons that arise during the application year. Requests must be made before April 15 of the admissions cycle in which the applicant was offered admission.
- Occasionally, YSM allows an admitted student to defer enrollment for a year (or sometimes two) to pursue/complete a serious and primary academic objective that arises during the application year (e.g.
- A Churchill, Rhodes, Marshall, Gates-Cambridge fellowship).
- Deferrals are typically not approved for non-academic reasons.
All decisions made regarding requests to defer are final. If a request to defer is denied and an applicant offered admission decides to pursue other opportunities and not matriculate at YSM, their offer of admission will be withdrawn from YSM and they will need to re-apply in a future cycle, if interested.
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How many recommendation letters does Oxford need?
What should I do if one of my referees is unable to provide a reference? – We do understand that referees are not always able to provide references. You are required to register three referees as part of your application form. However, once your application has received a minimum of two references, it is possible for the relevant academic department to begin their assessment.
The department may request that you obtain a third reference before they make a final decision on your application. If one of your referees informs you that they will not be able to provide a reference, you will need to approach another suitable referee as quickly as possible. You must inform your referee of the deadline for which you are applying, and remind them to submit their reference as that deadline approaches.
We will not send any reminders on your behalf. Refer to Adding or changing a referee for more information on how to register a new referee before and after you submit your application. Remember that we cannot accept references you submit yourself.
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Do rec letters matter a lot?
Myth 4: The More Letters the Better – Quality matters more than quantity with letters of recommendation, experts say. “In almost all cases, one succinct well-written letter can not only suffice, but will contain exactly what the admission office needs to know about the student,” Hoffman says.
Costa says the number of letters required is indicated on the Common Application and most schools do not want more than stated. “It adds to their workload and indicates that the student does not follow instructions or value the admission folks’ time,” Costa says. Even among schools that do allow multiple letters, she recommends students use good judgment and only include letters that add value and tell the admissions committee something they care about and don’t already know.
“More is not always better,” Fischer says. “If the volume is too much, it can also exhaust the application reader and take away from the other good things in the file that require attention.”
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How many letters of rec do you need to get into NYU?
First-Year Applicants In recognition of continued challenges applicants have with standardized testing during COVID-19, NYU is extending its test-optional policy to students applying for first-year or transfer admission during the 2022-2023 admissions cycle.
Currently in high school, even if taking college courses. Participating in a dual-enrollment program, even if you’re earning enough credits for an associate’s degree. (Dual-enrollment means that you are in high school and also in a college-level program.) Graduated with a GED or high school diploma equivalency test and have not enrolled in a degree-seeking program.
If you left high school early and are attending a college or university, apply as a, The Common Application is required for students applying to any or all of NYU’s three degree-granting campuses in New York, Abu Dhabi, or Shanghai. You’ll be able to choose your campus(es) and program(s) of interest on the NYU-specific page of the Common Application. You’ll need:
A personal email address that you check regularly. Please do not use a school email address as you may miss important information about your application and admissions decision. Contact information for the counselor or other school representative who will complete your Common Application School Report, where they are able to submit your high school transcript and optional letter of recommendation. Contact information for one person (or, optionally, up to three maximum) who will complete a letter of recommendation. NYU requires one letter of recommendation from a teacher, counselor, coach, supervisor, or anyone else in a position of authority. If your recommender is unable to submit their letter through the Common Application, they can email it directly to, Please have them include either your date of birth or Common App ID. Nonrefundable Students who are unable to pay the application fee can,
Are you ready? now.
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What makes a strong letter of rec?
What Makes a Recommendation Letter Stand Out? – A great letter of recommendation includes specific examples and anecdotes that demonstrate the applicant’s skills and qualifications. It backs up descriptions of your qualifications with examples. You want your letters of recommendation to demonstrate that you not only possess good qualities but also apply them.
Sukrit has excellent leadership skills and is confident. Sukrit has demonstrated leadership skills during his internship with our company. When the interns were assigned a group project, it was Sukrit who immediately organized the group. He led the process of listing the tasks to be completed and arranging a schedule to do so. He led the team in delegating the work and did so in a manner where everyone felt heard and comfortable.
While the first example lists Sukrit’s characteristics. The second gives a clear example of how Sukrit functions in a team environment. It also shows that this recommender understands that “leadership” means working well with others and not merely ordering them around.
If Sukrit is applying for a job where he needs to work in a team, this letter shows that he has what it takes to succeed. A great letter will focus on your accomplishments, contributions, motivation, attitude, reliability, consistency, and other such skills, It is crucial to ensure that the person providing the recommendation knows you well and has a favorable opinion of your capability.
With a great letter of recommendation, your application will stand out from the rest! Do you have any tips for getting a great recommendation letter? Has a recommendation letter ever secured you a position? Let us know your thoughts in the comments below.
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Can I submit 4 letters of recommendation?
How many letters or recommendation do I need? Schools vary on the number of letters of recommendation they require, so make sure to check each school’s requirements in LSAC. Typically, two-four letters are required, meaning schools most commonly require two letters but will accept up to four.
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Can I reuse lors?
Can You Reuse Letters of Recommendation? – You can reuse your letters of recommendation, but medical schools do not keep them on file, so you will need to resubmit them each time you apply. Just because you can reuse a letter of recommendation doesn’t mean you should.
- If you are reapplying, consider the quality of your current letters of recommendation.
- Is the content of those letters still relevant? Could you get a better recommendation letter now that you are taking the time to reapply? Reapplicants need to show that they are improving their whole application, not just one piece.
The reapplication process needs to be about improving on your first application; otherwise, you can’t expect to receive different results.
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Is one letter of rec enough?
Grades and test scores are important factors when evaluating college applications, but they don’t tell the whole story. When admissions officers evaluate applicants, they review both “hard factors” (quantitative measures like GPA) as well as “soft factors,” such as essays, extracurricular activities, demonstrated interest, and recommendation letters.
- What role do letters of recommendation play during the college admissions process? They help round out your applicant profile, provide insights into what you are like as a student and person, and put the rest of your application in context.
- Letters of recommendation are particularly valuable to admissions officers because the experiences that high school counselors and teachers describe can help them paint a better overall picture of who you are and the impact you will have on campus.
Most selective colleges and universities require one to three recommendation letters with your application, usually from your guidance counselor and at least one teacher. Recommendation letters are typically submitted electronically through the school-specific supplements on The Common Application,
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How many letters of rec does Johns Hopkins require?
We require a Committee Letter or, if your school does not have one, three (3) individual letters:
Two (2) letters of recommendation from science faculty One (1) letter from non-science faculty
In addition to those letters required for application to the MD Program, a minimum of two additional letters of recommendation are required for all MD-PhD applicants (a total of five letters). These letters, are typically from faculty with whom the applicant has done research.
Two (2) letters from faculty members in science departments who taught you are required if the college/university you have attended does not have a Committee/Advisor. In addition to the letters, applicants with advanced degrees or significant postgraduate work experience of one year or more, are required to send recommendations from each component of their education and major work experience.
Once the minimum requirement of two science faculty letters and one non-science faculty letter is met, your application will be considered complete and sent to our committee for review. A Letter of Recommendation Packet or a current evaluation from a premedical committee will also satisfy our letter requirement.
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How many lors are required for Harvard?
Best Practices – If submitting recommendations as part of an application process is new to you, we encourage you to review the following best practices: Identify potential letter writers who would be able to make a strong case for you to pursue graduate study.
You should obtain current recommendations that directly address their candidacy for admission to HGSE. Ideally, your letter writers would include those from both academic and professional settings. If it has been several years since you took undergraduate or graduate courses, it is fine to have all recommendations be from professional contexts.
Letter writers cannot be family members and should not be personal friends. Ask for letters of recommendations well before the application deadline. You want to give your letter writers plenty of time to write a letter for you. Ask if he/she would be able to write you a strong letter and will have the time to do so.
A rushed letter may not be as compelling as one that is written with time for reflection. Additionally, a potential letter writer may decline your request and you want to have plenty of time to find an alternative recommender. Have a conversation with your potential recommender first. It is recommended to provide your letter writer with contextual information about yourself.
You might have a conversation about your reasons for pursuing graduate study. You may give them a copy of your resume or a draft of your statement of purpose. Discuss with your letter writer your decision of whether or not you will waive your right to access the letter of recommendation.
- Your letter writer should be aware if you will not be waiving your right and thus, will have access to the letter if you are admitted.
- Inform your letter writer of the online process of submitting their letter and the deadlines for submission.
- Once you enter your letter writer’s information in the application system, an automatic email will be sent to them with instructions.
However, it is good practice to be clear with your letter writer the deadline for submission of their letter. Remind Your Recommenders You are able to send an email reminder to your referees via the Recommendations section of the online application. Please be sure, however, that your recommenders are aware of the application deadlines and online process, and choose them carefully to ensure that they can write on your behalf in a timely manner.
- If you have entered the names and contact information of your referees and if the other portions of your application are complete, then you may submit your online application.
- Using Interfolio to submit letters of recommendation Because of the requirements of HGSE’s recommendation forms, Interfolio is not compatible with the online system.
Please ask your recommenders to submit their letters directly using the online application system. Please remember that letters written specifically for your HGSE degree application tend to be stronger than letters written for general use purpose. : Letters of Recommendation
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How many lors does MIT require?
Recommendations: Whom to ask – MIT requires two letters of recommendation from teachers. One recommendation should be from a math or science teacher, and one should be from a humanities, social science, or language teacher, although this is not a hard requirement.
|Math/science evaluation potential subjects
- Foreign language
- Social studies
How long is the average letter of recommendation for medical school?
How long should a med school letter of recommendation be? – On average, these letters tend to be approximately three double-spaced pages in length. Any more than that is simply too much, considering that each applicant submits at least three letters of recommendation and that medical schools receive on average 5,000 applications each year.
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What MCAT score is needed for Harvard Medical School?
Average GPA: 3.9. Average MCAT score: 519.46.
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Is five letters of recommendation too many?
How many reference letters are too many? “Too many letters of recommendation” is not something I would consider a problem. At some point additional letters may become overkill and not really help you that much. But I can’t imagine them detracting from your application, provided that they are all good recommendations from high-profile people.
I would certainly not leave out a recommendation from a “big name” in your field because of volume. The fact that you have worked with a large number of high profile people, and they think highly of you, is a good thing. And you never know which of those people someone who is potentially hiring you might know or think highly of.
Five is certainly not too much if they want “at least 3”. The wording clearly means that more than three letters is acceptable. In fact, one might conclude that three letters is the bare minimum and a “good” application should have more. I would normally consider five letters to be a lot (though not harmful, as discussed above).
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Do you need 3 or 4 letters of recommendation?
How many letters of recommendation should I send to residency programs? – We recommend sending four letters of recommendation, even if three is conventional. That additional letter, assuming it’s as strong as the others, will make you a more competitive applicant.
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How many references does Cambridge require?
4. Contact your Referees. You will need two academic references to support your application, and you will need to submit your referees details via the Applicant Portal. Your referees will then receive an automated reference request.
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How many letters of recommendation do you need for AAMC?
Albany Medical College For students attending schools that do not provide a committee letter service, between 2 to 4 individual letters of recommendation may be substituted. The Admissions Committee prefers at least one letter from a faculty member who speaks to your personal attributes and scholastic abilities.
In addition, you may provide a letter from a supervisor from either a paid or volunteer research or clinical experience. If an activity is described as substantial such as clinical experience, research, volunteering, teaching assistant or other healthcare activity, we highly recommend a letter from the supervisor or principal investigator.
Albert Einstein College of Medicine Applicants who have attended a school at which there is no Pre-Professional Advisory Committee must have at least two letters of recommendation from faculty members who have taught the applicant in the classroom setting. It is required that one of these letters be from a faculty member in the department of the applicant’s major, and the other from a science faculty member (2 science letters from 2 different faculty members in the same department are acceptable). Three individual letters of recommendation from your premedical or research adviser, professors at the institution where you last studied, or other individuals of your choice. Baylor College of Medicine Health professions committee packets are acceptable from those institutions who offer this service. These packets come in three basic formats: – Committee letter with supporting letters attached. – Committee letter that is composed and uses quotes from various evaluators but may or may not have supporting letters attached. Regular MD Applicants: Health Professions Advisory Committee Letter or Minimum (3) individual letters of recommendation; (2) science professor letters and (1) of choice. Regular MD Applicants with graduate degree or currently in graduate program: Health Professions Advisory Committee Letter or Minimum (4) individual letters of recommendation; (2) science professor letters, (1) of choice and (1) graduate school letter. Applicants are required to submit three letters of recommendation from the categories listed below: – 3 letters are required with a maximum of 6 letters. – 2 Letters from Category 1 or a Committee Letter (required). – 1 Letter from Category 2 (required).
- An additional letter from category 3 can be submitted (optional).
- Category 1: A Science professor teaching the BCPM course (Required).
- Category 2: Other (e.g., Research Advisor, Non-Science Professor, Community Leaders, Employer Superior) (Required).
- Category 3: A Healthcare Provider (Optional).
If you have been out of school for more than 5 years, in lieu of the BCPM course letters, you may provide additional letters from category 2 and 3. California University of Science and Medicine All applicants must submit three (3) letters of recommendation through the American Medical College Application System (AMCAS). If a Pre-Health Advisory Committee’s letter of evaluation is available, it may take the place of the other letters requirement. Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine 3-5 Letters of Recommendations. – At least two should be from science advisors/professors; or – 1 Pre-Medical Committee evaluation letter will be accepted in lieu of the 3-5 individual letters. – Some committee letters consist of a single letter, with no additional letters attached, while others include the committee letter as well as letters from other recommenders.
If your committee provides the former, with no additional letters attached, then you will need to submit an additional two letters of recommendation, with at least one from a research advisor, science advisor, or science course instructor. The other letter can be from a recommender of your choice. Please check with your premedical committee if you are unsure which format they provide.
– An additional evaluation letter from a research advisor is required for the College Program and Medical Scientist Training Program and recommended for the University Program, if applicable. Central Michigan University College of Medicine We require a minimum of three (3) letters of recommendation (or a committee letter) and allow a maximum of five (5) letters. If a student applies from a university that provides a composite letter from a premedical program, that letter will be accepted in fulfillment of our letter requirement. Chicago Medical School of Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science Candidates must choose one of the following options to satisfy our letters of recommendation requirement: – Committee Letter (1) – Individual Letters (3) – Letter Packet (Containing three individual letters) No more than three individual letters, one committee letter, or one letter packet containing a maximum of three individual letters will be considered in evaluating your application. We require students to submit three to five letters of recommendation. Students have 2 options when submitting their letters of recommendation: 1. One Letter from a Research Advisor as well as, two more from science faculty (may add 2-3 others).2. One Letter from a Research Advisor as well as, a premedical committee evaluation (must include at least 2 recommendations from science faculty). We welcome letters of recommendation from individuals and premedical advisory groups (Committee Letters) with genuine knowledge of applicants and their capabilities, who can provide more than routine praise. Our Admissions Committee requires three letters of recommendation and accepts up to seven. CMSRU prefers, when possible, to receive a letter authored by a pre-health committee or advisor intended to represent your institution’s evaluation (many institutions extend this service to its graduates as well). This letter may include additional letters of support.
If there is no pre-health committee or advisor at your school, you may submit individual letters of evaluation and recommendation through AMCAS Letter Service. We require a minimum of three letters, and we do not impose a maximum number. At least two of the letters must be from academic faculty, and applicants should always request letters from professors or supervisors who know them well.
Creighton University School of Medicine A committee letter is preferred (if available), but not required. We prefer letters from individuals who can honestly and accurately attest to your performance, character, personal qualities, and aptitudes from direct knowledge, interactions, and observations. Three (3) letters of reference/recommendation are required for your application to be considered complete. To be competitive, these letters of recommendation should include at least one (1) from a physician or physician assistant who can attest, from first-hand experience, any abilities the applicant will bring to the profession. Dartmouth College Geisel School of Medicine We require a composite recommendation from your school’s premedical committee or a packet containing a minimum of 3 individual letters from your school. If your school has no premedical committee, a minimum of 3 individual letters is required. We encourage you to submit additional (up to 5) letters from supervisors, employers, and other colleagues who know you well.
If you are in graduate school, a letter from your thesis advisor is recommended as one of the 3 required letters. Please submit all letters through AMCAS using one of their acceptable forms of receipt. The maximum number of letters we will review is 5, and we will read the first 5 letters received by AMCAS.
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA We require 3 to 5 letters of recommendation and 2 letters must be from instructors. Letters should be from individuals who know the applicant well and have spent a significant time with them, e.g. PI or mentor. If your pre-health advisory office provides a committee letter, this letter will fulfill one letter requirement. Dell Medical School at The University of Texas at Austin In selecting those from whom you will request letters, we recommend that they be faculty, supervisors, and others that know you well and know your strengths. If you attend a school that sends a committee letter, we will be happy to accept that in lieu of any other Letter of Evaluation. Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell If your school does not have a Premedical Committee, or a considerable amount of time has passed since graduation, you may submit three individual letters of recommendation: – two letters from individual professors (at least one in science). – one letter from a non-academic professional (included with AMCAS application). Applicants whose college or university has a pre-medical advisory committee should send a pre-professional committee letter or a composite letter of recommendation, which should include science and non-science professors. If this isn’t possible, we encourage applicants to send letters from up to four individuals who hold college-level academic appointments from two science areas and one non-science areas. Each applicant must submit a minimum of four (4) letters of recommendation; two of which must be from science faculty. East Tennessee State University James H. Quillen College of Medicine The Admissions Committee continues to recommend that you provide us with a pre-professional committee evaluation from your school if one is available to you, but we no longer require it. It is our opinion that a school committee evaluation is the most valuable to us in our deliberations but realize that this is not a viable option for all applicants. If your undergraduate or graduate school has a premedical advisory committee, we strongly urge you to have a letter sent by that committee. Otherwise, you may submit three individual letters, including: two letters from natural and physical sciences faculty and one letter from a non-science faculty (courses in mathematics will be considered in the realm of a non-science letter). We will accept one of the following via the AMCAS Letter Service: – A packet of letters or a composite letter from a Pre-Medical or Pre-Health Committee – A packet of letters from a Career Center or a Letter Writing Service – Three letters of recommendation from individuals, two of whom should be familiar with your knowledge in the sciences. The College of Medicine prefers to receive a committee letter through AMCAS authored by a pre-health committee or pre-health advisor which is a composite or summary evaluation of the applicant’s readiness and personal suitability to study medicine. Alternatively, letters may be sent to us from AMCAS as part of a “letter packet”, or individually.
- In either case, we require a minimum of three letters from faculty members who have taught the applicant.
- Two of these letters must be written by science faculty members while the third can be written by either a science or non-science faculty member.
- Additional letters may be submitted if they provide truly unique information or insight into the applicant’s qualifications to study medicine.
Florida International University Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine HWCOM requires a minimum of three letters of recommendation: – two from science faculty (biology, chemistry, physics, and math) – one from any other faculty member who has taught the applicant. If the school has a Health Professions Advisory Committee, it is expected that the applicant will submit a letter of recommendation from that committee with the three faculty letters described above attached to the advisory committee letter. At least three and no more than five letters of recommendation are required. It is preferred that applicants submit two letters from science faculty who have taught the applicant, and one letter from any other non-science faculty member who has taught the applicant. Applicants have two options for completing the letters of recommendation requirement: – A packet from the applicant’s undergraduate or post-baccalaureate prehealth or premedical office, or a career services office – Four individual letters of your choosing from individuals who can assess your suitability and preparedness for both medical school and a career as a physician Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine All applicants are required to submit one pre-professional/pre-health/committee letter or three evaluation/recommendation letters from faculty who are familiar with the applicant’s career goals and academic coursework. The admissions committee will consider additional letters that highlight and support facets of an applicant’s application portfolio not previously addressed, and are submitted via the AMCAS Letter Service. To complete their file, applicants are required to submit either: – A Pre-Health or Pre-Medical Committee Letter (required if available to you) OR – Three individuals letters, at least one of which must be from a science faculty member familiar with your academic work. Georgetown University School of Medicine A minimum of one (1) committee letter/packet (required, if available). OR two (2) individual letters is required. There is a maximum of five (5) letters that can be submitted. You may use your discretion when selecting letter-writers, however, it is recommended that you submit a balance of academic, clinical, and service recommendation letters.
Graduate students working toward a degree in the sciences are encouraged to submit a letter from your current graduate faculty. Please see below the instructions for submitting a petition for delayed review if you are in a one-year program below in the “Procedural Information” tab. Only applicants who have been away from degree-granting institutions for greater than three (3) years may elect to submit entirely non-academic recommendation letters.
Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine at Seton Hall University Three Letters of Recommendation are Required: – At least one from a health care professional (does not need to be a physician – can be a nurse, social worker, physician’s assistant, occupational therapist, psychologist, etc.). – At least one from an academic professor who is familiar with the applicant’s scholarly work.
At least one from these or another appropriate source: a physician, a second academic professor, a supervisor who can speak to the applicant’s attributes, a related health care professional who held a supervisory position to the applicant, or service recommendation letter from a mentor. A letter packet from a pre-medical committee can be accepted if it contains the required letters listed above.
Harvard Medical School At least two (2) letters should be from professors in the sciences with whom they have taken classes. At least one (1) letter should be written by a professor who is not in the sciences. We should receive letters from all research supervisors for applicants to the MD-PhD program as well as applicants to the MD program.
Applicants may exceed the six (6)-letter maximum if the additional letters are from research supervisors. If applicants wish to supplement a premedical advisory committee evaluation packet with additional letters of recommendation, they should count the packet as one (1) letter toward the six (6)-letter maximum.
We do not require letters of recommendation from employers, but if applicants have been out of school and working they should have a letter sent from their place of employment. Howard University College of Medicine HUCM requires at least two letters of recommendation from science professions (i.e., instructors who taught applicant in classroom or lab and gave a grade) or a committee letter of evaluation. Letters from research staff or volunteer venues will be accepted IN ADDITION to science recommendations referred to above. Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai A committee letter or packet of letters is preferred. If you do not have a pre-health adviser or committee at your school you must submit at least three letters of recommendation from people who can speak to your passion for a career in medicine and your intellectual journey: sources may include research mentors, professional or service supervisor, professors, or clinical preceptors. Three letters of recommendation are required: – science – non-science – personal Indiana University School of Medicine – Evansville Submit a letter of recommendation from each of the following: – High school school counselor or high school principal – High school teacher – Unrelated individual (minister, employer, etc.) Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo Required is either a Pre-Health Committee Letter OR three letters of recommendation with at least one letter from a science professor. Applicants with Graduate School Education: You may exclude undergraduate letters but must include letters from three of your graduate school professors. Letters of Recommendation must be provided from a premedical committee or from three faculty members who have taught the applicant. If three individual letters are provided, two of these recommendations must be from science professors and one of the three must be from the applicant’s major department. Committee letter (required if your college/university has an officially designated committee or advisor). Authored by a pre-health committee or advisor and intended to represent your institution’s evaluation of you. A committee letter may or may not include additional letters written in support of your application.
OR Letter packet: A packet or set of letters assembled and distributed by your institution, often by the institution’s career center. OR Two (2) letters from faculty members in science departments who taught you are required if the college/university you have attended does not have a Committee/Advisor AND one (1) letter from a non-science faculty member who has taught you.
In addition to the letters, applicants with advanced degrees or significant postgraduate work experience of one year or more, are required to send recommendations from each component of their education and major work experience. In addition to those letters required for application to the MD Program, two additional letters of recommendation are required for all MD-PhD applicants. Letters of recommendation should evaluate one or more of the following: – Collaborative teamwork skills – Communication skills – Creativity and resourcefulness – Critical thinking and problem-solving skills – Cultural humility – Demonstrated leadership potential – Integrity and moral standards – Intellectual curiosity – Passion for medicine and healthcare – Persistence and resilience – Reliability and accountability – Responsiveness to feedback – Self-awareness You can submit letters in one of two ways: 1. Three to five letters will be accepted. Individuals who know the applicant well and can add to the applicant’s activities and experiences described in the application and personal statement should write the letters. The medical school does not require a specific type of letter. Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University LKSOM will consider letters of recommendation from a premedical committee, a packet from a school letter compilation service, or three (3) individual letters. If submitting a compilation packet or individual letters, we prefer, but do not require, two (2) letters from professors with whom you completed course work from the AMCAS course classification of Biology, Chemistry, or Physics.
We welcome letters from research experiences, but prefer them in addition to the requested science letters from professors with whom you completed coursework. One (1) additional letter is required from a non-science professor, work experience, or service activity. A premedical committee letter does not need a specific number of science/non-science letters.
Loma Linda University School of Medicine If the pre-health professions advising office at the applicant’s school provides a committee recommendation or a packet of recommendations, this committee recommendation or packet is required. No other recommendations are required. If the applicant’s school does not provide a committee recommendation or packet, a minimum of three and maximum of six recommendation letters from individuals who know the applicant well are required. It is strongly advised that applicants obtain their letters of recommendation from their school’s pre-professional/pre-med advisory committee. In this case, applicants should follow the pre-professional/pre-med advisory committee’s individual rules and deadlines for obtaining their letters.
If an applicant chooses NOT to use their pre-professional committee or is no longer eligible to use their committee, the applicant must then submit THREE letters of recommendation from professors/teachers who have taught them in DIDACTIC classes in science and math. Letters from teachers/instructors of one (1)-hour lab courses or from research instructors WILL NOT fulfill the required letters of recommendation.
If you have been out of school for a short period of time (less than two (2) full academic years), and are unable to obtain a committee evaluation, you should make every attempt to get evaluations from at least three (3) faculty members IN THE SCIENCES in didactic courses from schools previously attended. While not required, we strongly prefer a letter from your Pre-professional Advisory Committee or its equivalent. If you have a Committee evaluation, you need no others. If your Committee sends a packet of letters without a consensus evaluation, then that packet should contain 3-5 signed, dated letters. Applicants should submit at least 3 letters, but not more than 6. We strongly recommend at least one letter from someone who has taught you in a science class, even if you are a non-traditional applicant. If you have transferred during your undergraduate career, you may wish to include at least one letter from a faculty member at the previous school(s) you attended.
If you are or were a graduate student, it is in your best interest to request a letter from your graduate advisor and/or any appropriate professors. You may wish to submit a letter from a supervisor or professional contact. This is acceptable and generally helpful, especially if the person knows you well and can speak to your qualifications for medicine.
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine Mayo Clinic Alix School of Medicine requires a minimum of three letters of recommendation or one composite letter from a premedical committee to supplement your application. We require at least one letter to be written by a science professor. A letter from a teaching assistant is also acceptable. All applicants are required to submit at least three, current letters of recommendation through AMCAS. These can include letters from science professors or a Pre-Health Advisory committee (if applicable) and/or personal references. It is strongly recommended that one of the personal recommendations comes from a physician who can speak toward the student’s clinical exposure/experience. You must submit undergraduate letters of recommendation unless you graduated with your undergraduate degree at least five years ago. Letters must be submitted in one of the following formats: – Committee letter – Packet of letters – Two individual letters from classroom professors, one of whom must have taught biology, chemistry, physics, or a comparable science discipline.
Graduate Letters: It is strongly recommended that applicants currently or previously enrolled in a degree-granting graduate program submit one letter of recommendation from a professor or thesis advisor. Applicants recently accepted to or matriculated in a graduate program are not required to submit a letter.
You may elect to submit graduate letters of recommendation for undergraduate letters in some circumstances, or when unable to acquire undergraduate letters. Optional Letters: You may submit up to three optional letters. These letters are not required. For optimal consideration, these should be received by MCW before the application is complete.
If you are applying to the MD/PhD (MSTP) or MD/MS program, it is strongly recommended that you include a letter of recommendation speaking to your ability to become a physician-scientist. Letters from Principal Investigators may be submitted as optional letters, but typically cannot fulfill the undergraduate or graduate letter requirements.
Medical University of South Carolina College of Medicine At least three (3) letters of recommendation must be submitted on your behalf. If your college pre-med office prepares a committee letter or packet, this will suffice to complete the LOR requirement. For a non-traditional student who has worked or has served in the military for a number of years, a different kind of letter packet may be submitted. Those applicants who attend, or who have recently graduated from, an undergraduate institution or a post baccalaureate premedical program which offers a Health Professional Advisor or Advisory Committee should submit a letter from this person or committee; this letter should be sent to AMCAS. The applicant must submit a minimum of three (3) letters of recommendation (or one committee letter). As a general rule, letters of recommendation should be sought from referees who know the applicant well as a student, coworker, colleague, or employer.
When possible, we recommend that at least one letter of reference be submitted from a science faculty member who has taught the applicant and that at least one letter of recommendation be submitted from a physician, healthcare professional, or health care manager with whom the applicant has had a mentor-mentee, employment, or volunteer relationship.
Michigan State University College of Human Medicine The College of Human Medicine requires a minimum of three letters of evaluation and a maximum of five letters. A committee letter, authored by a prehealth committee or prehealth advisor and intended to represent your institution’s evaluation of you, counts as one letter entry.
- A letter entry may consist of more than one letter.
- If the committee letter is accompanied by at least two of the individual letters it references, one letter entry will fulfill our requirement.
- However, if your committee letter is not accompanied by a minimum of two of the individual letters referenced in it, you will need to submit two more individual letters to meet our minimum requirement of three letters.
A letter packet is assembled and distributed by your school. It may or may not include a cover letter from your prehealth advisor or committee, but it does not include a committee evaluation. A letter packet counts as one letter entry. If the letter packet contains at least three individual letters, it will fulfill our requirements. Applicants must submit one of the following: – Letters and/or composite letter of recommendation from a Pre-Health advisor or Committee OR – Three letters of recommendation from individual letter writers (two letter from science professors are preferred). Additional letter of reference may also be provided to AMCAS. New York Medical College Pre-medical Advisory Committee Letter Requirement (If Applicable) An undergraduate committee packet is preferred and will fulfill the undergraduate letters of evaluation requirement. A committee letter does not require the names of individual letter writers but it must be signed by at least one of its members.
Individual Letter Requirements (If Applicable) If your college does not have a premedical committee, a total of three (3) letters of evaluation are required. The names of the individual letters writers must be listed on your AMCAS application. Two (2) letters must be from science faculty who either taught you in a class or supervised independent research for which you received credit toward your science GPA.
Acceptable science courses for purposes of letters of evaluation include: biology, chemistry, physics, bio-medical engineering, or bio-engineering, etc. (Math is not considered a science course for purposes of letters of evaluation.) The third required letter of evaluation must be an academically oriented letter.
Acceptable letters include a non-science course letter of evaluation, a third science letter of evaluation, a letter from supervised independent research, a clinically related volunteer letter, an evaluation from work experience, etc. One (1) of your three letters of evaluation must be from the department in which you majored as identified on your AMCAS application – whether science or non-science.
If you have completed or are currently pursuing a graduate degree, in addition to the undergraduate letters outlined above the following graduate premedical advisory committee OR individual graduate letters of evaluation are required: Premedical Advisory Committee Letter Requirements (If Applicable) One (1) letter from your Premedical Advisory Committee from your graduate program will satisfy the letters of evaluations requirement.
- A committee letter does not require the names of individual letter writers but must be signed by at least one of its members.
- Individual Letter Requirements (If Applicable) One (1) letter from a faculty member in your graduate department is required who has either taught you in a graduate class or supervised independent research for which you received graduate credit.
A letter from a graduate science faculty member can substitute for one (1) undergraduate science letter. Letters of evaluation are strongly recommended from employers, research mentors, and/or volunteer clinical or community service experiences where you have spent a significant amount of time. We require a premedical committee appraisal letter (preferred) or two letters from professors who taught you in courses (at least one in science). Nontraditional applicants are encouraged to submit two letters of recommendation from colleagues with whom you’ve worked closely. New York University Long Island School of Medicine We accept a committee or composite letter of recommendation authored by the pre-health committee or pre-health advisor at your college or university to fulfill our letters of evaluation requirement. If your institution does not provide a committee or composite letter, we accept individual letters of evaluation. Letters of evaluation are neither required nor accepted for this program. Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine Your letters may be written by your college’s pre-medical/pre-health advisory committee, which may be presented as either a committee letter or letter packet. If your college does not have a pre-medical/pre-health advisory committee or other similar service, you may procure individual letters.
If you submit a committee letter or letter packet, that will be sufficient to meet Feinberg School of Medicine’s letters requirement; no additional letters need to be submitted at the time of your application. If you submit Individual Letters, you will need to submit a total of three separate letters to meet Feinberg’s letters requirement.
At least one of these letters should come from a science faculty member who has taught you. The other two letters may come from a variety of sources, preferably faculty members (science or non-science) or a research supervisor, but may also include a long-term employer.
Nontraditional applicants/students are generally defined as those who have taken two or more years off between undergraduate studies and matriculation to medical school. For these applicants, there are three options for meeting Feinberg’s letters requirements: Option 1: Two letters by science faculty members and one letter by a non-science faculty member, volunteer supervisor or employer.
Option 2: One letter by a science faculty member, one letter by supervisor from research experience and one letter by non-science faculty member, volunteer supervisor or employer. Option 3: One letter by a supervisor from research experience, two letters by non-science faculty member, volunteer supervisor or employer.
- Do not send more than the required amount of letters (one committee letter or letter packet or three individual letters) prior to receiving an invitation to interview at Feinberg.
- If you would like to submit additional letters of recommendation, you may do so only after you have interviewed.
- Nova Southeastern University Dr Kiran C.
Patel College of Allopathic Medicine Applicants are required to submit at least three, but no more than four letters of recommendation. At least one of your letters should be from a professor that has taught you in a math or science course, and who can adequately speak to both your academic readiness and personal suitability for the pursuit and practice of medicine.
Your remaining letters can come from professors, advisors, clinical research coordinators or preceptors, supervisors, coaches, mentors, and personal and professional colleagues. If your premedical advising office provides a committee letter compiling feedback from multiple sources, this letter will suffice to satisfy your letters requirement.
Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine Applicants should submit a minimum of three letters of recommendation (maximum of five). If your premedical advising office provides a committee letter compiling feedback from multiple sources, this letter will count as two of your three required letters of recommendation. Letters from three college or university teaching faculty from any department. It is recommended that at least one be from a science department teaching faculty member. A letter packet containing at least three individual teaching faculty letters or a premedical committee evaluation report (Committee Letter) may be submitted in lieu of the three separate recommendations.
Applicants who have been out of college for five years or more may submit two letters from employers and one from a teaching faculty member. It is highly recommended of all applicants that they provide additional non-academic recommendations as well. Applicants should carefully select a well-chosen group of letters that speak to significant experiences in health care/physician shadowing and extracurricular accomplishments.
Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine – At least two letters from faculty in science disciplines – At least one letter from faculty in a non-science discipline – At least one remaining letter from college faculty, community leader, employer, or others in positions of responsibility that know the applicant well In either case, no additional letters are required, unless you have multiple degrees.
If this is true, you must submit one letter from each of the institutions that has granted you any of the following degrees: Associate, Bachelor, Master or Doctorate. You have one or more years of graduate study or full-time employment at the time of application. If this is true, you are required to submit one additional letter of recommendation from a member of the graduate faculty or work supervisor.
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania Composite or committee: Individual letter/letter packet from a pre-health advisor or career service office, with or without additional letters attached. OR A minimum of three (3) letters from faculty members who know the applicant well; at least one must come from a science faculty member with whom the applicant has taken courses. Three letters of recommendation (two from professors and one written by an individual familiar with the applicant’s skills and abilities) or a composite letter from a premedical committee. Letters must be submitted through AMCAS. Rush University, Rush Medical College Option 1: One pre-medical committee packet (preferred, if offered by your institution) Option 2: One letter packet Option 3: Three individual letters with the following guidelines: Academic Letter: an individual who can critically evaluate your academic strengths and abilities, as well as your preparedness and suitability for a rigorous medical school curriculum.
The academic letter does not need to be written by a science faculty member. Professional Non-Academic Letter: an individual who has worked with you in a professional capacity and can insightfully address your personal strengths and attributes (e.g. resilience, dependability, social skills, cultural competence, service orientation) and the value these would bring to the diversity of the class, the patients you see, and the communities we serve.
Examples might include: work supervisor, volunteer coordinator, physician shadowed. Personal Letter: an individual who has an in-depth perspective of you and can objectively assess your personal qualities. This letter should be a deeper, more personal letter that discusses who you are as an individual and addresses your personal goals, characteristics and aspirations for a career in medicine.
This individual should be someone who has had substantial contact with you during the past 24 months. Letters from friends and family will not be accepted. Should you submit more than three individual letters, you will be asked to indicate the three letters which you would like us to evaluate as part of your application.
Rutgers New Jersey Medical School A pre-medical committee packet is preferred by the NJMS Admissions Committee. If your school does not have a pre-medical committee, a minimum of (2) science and (1) non-science recommendation letters from faculty who are able to assess your candidacy for medical school are required.
Submit as many additional letters beyond the requirements you feel are appropriate in support of your medical school application. Applicants who have been out of school for an extended period of time are required to submit academic letters of recommendation. Letters from principle investigators and/or employers may be submitted as supplemental letters.
Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School RWJMS requires three letters of recommendation (or committee evaluation) and allows up to 10 letters, the additional letters do not need to be from professors. We do welcome committee letters, but do not require them. Saint Louis University School of Medicine If your current college or university has a pre-medical or pre-professional recommendations committee, it must send us an evaluation. If your school does not have a committee, request letters of evaluation from three of your college or university professors. Be sure at least one of these individuals teaches science. San Juan Bautista School of Medicine Any one of the following will satisfy the academic letters of recommendation requirement: Committee letter (required if your college/university has an officially designated committee or advisor). Authored by a pre-health committee or advisor and intended to represent your institution’s evaluation of you.
A committee letter may or may not include additional letters written in support of your application. Letter packet: A packet or set of letters assembled and distributed by your institution, often by the institution’s career center. Faculty letters (required if the college/university you attended does not have a committee or advisor).
Sanford School of Medicine of the University of South Dakota Three individual recommendations. OR Evaluation materials/packet from a structured pre-medical committee with at least three contributing members on the pre-medical committee. You should submit no more than four recommendation letters. Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University We prefer to receive a recommendation from a preprofessional committee. If there is no such committee, letters should be provided by individual faculty members (preferably one letter each from Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Humanities, if possible). Applicants who have been involved in graduate programs are encouraged to provide additional letters from their graduate schools. There are two options: 1. Submit one pre-health professions committee letter or another composite letter of recommendation.2. Submit four individual letters. This option requires three letters written by academic sources (i.e., professor or research advisor) and one personal or professional letter. Letters from political sources are not recommended. Stanford University School of Medicine A minimum of three and a maximum of six individual letters of recommendation is required. Pre-medical committee evaluations/letters are not required. However, if submitted, only the individual letters contained within the pre-medical committee packet will count toward the number of letters of recommendation. If you are submitting an AMCAS Committee Letter or a Letter Packet, we accept all the letters included in the packet. Please make sure that at least one of the letters is from a science professor who has taught you in a biology, chemistry or physics course.
If you are submitting individual letters, please submit no more than two letters (one must be from a science professor). If you are enrolled in a graduate program, your faculty advisor/major professor must submit a letter of recommendation. This should be in addition to the letters specified above. If you have graduated from college and are currently employed or are a non-traditional applicant, you may submit two individual letters of recommendation if you are unable to submit a premedical advisor or a committee letter.
One letter should be from a science faculty member who has taught you in one of the science courses required for admission, and the second letter may be from your supervisor at your place of employment, or a faculty member who has taught you recently.
- If you have not taken any college course work recently (within the last six years) but are currently employed, you may submit two individual letters of recommendation.
- One should be from your supervisor at your place of employment and the second may be from a physician or health professional with whom you have worked or a faculty member who has taught you and knows you well.
State University of New York Upstate Medical University Current Undergraduate Students: Applicants must submit a letter of evaluation from the Health Professions Advisory Committee or the Pre-Health Advisor from their undergraduate institution. In the absence of such a committee, two letters of recommendation from faculty members in different departments are acceptable, although one of the departments must be a science department.
Current Graduate Students: Students in a degree-granting program must submit a letter of recommendation from a graduate advisor or department chairperson. This letter is in addition to the Health Professions Advisor or Committee letter for undergraduate students (see above). For those applicants who have recently started their graduate program, we are looking for a letter of “good standing” from your graduate advisor or department chair.
Non-matriculated students taking graduate courses do not need to submit this letter. Non-Traditional Students: Applicants who graduated from an undergraduate college more than 5 years ago, and are currently employed full-time, may submit one letter of recommendation from a science faculty member with whom a medical school prerequisite was taken and one letter of recommendation from a current supervisor.
MD/PhD Applicants: Applicants must submit a letter of evaluation from their Health Professions Advisory Committee or Pre-health Advisor AND three (3) additional letters of recommendation from people familiar with their academic background, their interest in research and their suitability for the MD/PhD Program.
The three letters of recommendation to fulfill this requirement must be communicated when submitting a supplemental application to the MD/PhD Program. Stony Brook University, Renaissance School of Medicine A letter of evaluation from the applicant’s premedical adviser is required. If no such official exists, letters from two instructors, one of whom is in a science field, should be submitted. No other letters are solicited. However, the Committee on Admissions (COA) also welcomes letters from others who may provide important information about the candidate. TCU and UNTHSC School of Medicine Applicants must submit at least three letters of recommendation. Individual letters, letter packets containing at least three letters and/or a committee letter with two additional letters will meet the requirement. Additional individual letters are encouraged if your committee letter does not include additional letters of recommendation. Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine A minimum of three evaluations or a Health Professions Advisory packet are required. Letters of reference from professors are preferred, however, letters from employment supervisors, physicians, other medical personnel or research mentors are acceptable as well.
If an applicant is no longer in undergraduate school and cannot obtain an evaluation from their former health professions adviser or health professions advisory committee, they should proceed as follows: If attending graduate school, one evaluation must be from the applicant’s graduate adviser, a major professor or the chairperson of their major department.
If an applicant has been out of college for more than one year and is currently employed or serving in the military, one of the required evaluations must be written by their immediate supervisor or commanding officer. If self-employed, one of the recommendation letters must be from a business associate.
The evaluation must detail the applicant’s performance. If an applicant cannot obtain a letter from a health professions adviser or faculty member because they have been out of school for several years, they must submit at least two letters from employment supervisors or associates, medical personnel, and/or research mentors to complete the evaluation packet.
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Paul L. Foster School of Medicine (El Paso, TX) A minimum of two letters of recommendation are required. Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Medicine (Lubbock, TX) 2 letters of evaluation are required. These letters should address both the academic and the leadership potential of the student. The Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University There are two options for required letters: Three individual letters two academic references (from individuals who have taught you coursework for a grade), one of which should be from a science instructor, AND one personal non-academic reference (employer, advisor, or other non-family individual) OR One letter from the Pre-Medical Advisory Committee at your undergraduate school Some consideration may be given to applicants who have not done any academic work for three or more years. Academic Letters: You should submit two letters from professors in any courses who have taught you and assigned a grade for credit in the course; at least one should be a science course. A premedical committee composite letter satisfies this requirement. Applicants to Tufts School of Medicine are required to submit letters of recommendation from college faculty members, employers, volunteer activity supervisors, or others who are able to attest to the applicant’s qualifications for medical school. Applicants must submit a minimum of either: – Three individual letters (we do not specify the nature of the authors) that will arrive at the admissions office separately.
- A “package” of letters that will arrive from the applicant’s undergraduate or post-baccalaureate school’s premedical office or career-services office.
- The nature of the “package” varies greatly from school to school.
- Some schools write an official premedical committee letter and append individual letters; some schools write “composite” letters which refer to and quote individual letters; some schools simply collect, collate, and distribute individual letters.
We accept all variations. We do not have a maximum limit on the number of letters you may submit. However, in general, applicants submit between 3-5 letters. Tulane University School of Medicine Tulane’s requirement for letters of recommendation is as follows: 1) A committee letter or a letter of recommendation packet from your pre-medical advising committee OR 2) A total of three letters of recommendation. It is best to choose letters from people who know you the best and can speak on either your academic ability, your commitment to service, or your passion for medicine.
These letters can be from anyone of your choice, but at least one must come from someone with a science/medical background. If you are out of school or your undergraduate degree is not science based, then choose 3 professionals that know you well. For a committee letter with three or more signatures, no additional letters are needed.
Do not submit more than three letters total, if sending individual letters. Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine At a minimum, you need a clinical letter and a premedical committee letter (if available) or two natural science academic letters and one other academic letter from outside the natural sciences. Universidad Central del Caribe School of Medicine A minimum of two letters of recommendation is required from science professors or a letter from the Pre-medical Committee uploaded through the AMCAS application. Students are required to be fully bilingual in Spanish and English. Since course work could be in either languages. University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Medicine All letters of recommendation must be submitted through the AMCAS Letters Service by using AMCAS Letter Writer Application, Interfolio, mail and/or VirtualEvals. Please ensure all your letters are submitted to AMCAS through one or more of the above mediums.
- Only letters submitted through this service will be included in your application for review by our admissions committee.
- Please note that there is a five letter maximum for this requirement.
- We offer three options for fulfilling the letters requirement portion of our secondary application: Committee Letter – Preferred Option A committee letter is authored by a pre-health committee or pre-health advisor and intended to represent your institution’s evaluation of you.
A committee letter may or may not include additional letters written in support of your application. If you have committee letters from two different programs/schools, list one as your committee letter and include the other as an individual letter. Letter Packet A packet or set of letters is assembled and distributed by your institution, often by the institution’s career center.
A letter packet may include a cover sheet from your pre-health committee or advisor; however, in contrast to a committee letter, a letter packet does not include an evaluative letter from your pre-health committee or advisor. Three Individual Letters Individual letters should include at least one letter from a faculty member (preferably a science faculty member) and two letters other faculty or individuals who can provide in-depth evaluation and recommendation.
University of Arizona, College of Medicine – Phoenix The Admissions Committee requires a minimum of three letters (and recommends no more than five) from individuals with whom you have an established professional relationship and can clearly affirm the traits and characteristics desired in a physician. Three letters of recommendation are required. One letter must be from a clinical setting. Overall, letters should be from individuals with whom applicants are well-acquainted. The Admissions Committee is looking for accurate, in-depth evaluations of qualities suitable for medical school.
- These qualities include motivation to attend medical school, maturity, character, and commitment to the practice of medicine.
- Letters from family and friends are not recommended.
- What matters is that the letters convey cogent information about your work.
- Obtaining a letter from the employer who you are working with during the application year is very important.
Evidence of a successful engagement in a post-college experience will be a valuable addition to other letters that also may be part of your file. Letters of recommendation options: Option 1 – 1 clinical letter from a person who has seen you interact with patients, family members, and other staff members (i.e. Recommendations from your Premedical Advisory Committee are required and must be sent directly to AMCAS Letters Service. Your application will not be reviewed if you miss your school’s Premedical Advisory Committee deadline and we are advised that a letter is not forthcoming.
- If your institution does not have a Premedical Advisory Committee, or it has been more than two years since you last attended/graduated from your school, you may choose to have three faculty members submit individual letters of recommendation.
- In addition to the required Premedical Advisory Committee composite evaluation or three academic letters of recommendation from faculty, you also have the option to ask three individuals to submit personal letters of recommendation which primarily address your qualifications outside the classroom.
University of California, Davis School of Medicine Letters of recommendation :3-6 LORs allowed; at least one from a physician or clinician recommended. University of California, Irvine School of Medicine Three to six current letters are suggested. Applicants are advised to obtain letters of recommendation from individuals (e.g., attending MD, PI, Director, etc.) involved with their major activities. University of California, Riverside School of Medicine Three individual letters of recommendation, or a committee letter, are required. Applicants may submit a maximum of five letters. These letters may be written by a premedical advisor, undergraduate faculty, mentors or any individual of your choice. University of California, San Diego School of Medicine A minimum of three letters are required from individuals who can provide a well considered evaluation of your qualifications for the medical profession. Two of the three should be from faculty with a science background at a four-year undergraduate institution – course instructors, research mentors, clinical faculty are all acceptable. One should aim for having 2-3 letters in for programs’ opening of your application. University of Central Florida College of Medicine Applicants are required to submit at least three, but no more than five letters of recommendation. At least one of your letters should ideally be from a core science faculty (i.e. Biology, Chemistry, Physics, etc.) who has taught you in a core science course, and who can adequately speak to both your academic readiness and personal suitability for the pursuit and practice of medicine.
- Non-Traditional Applicants may submit a letter from a supervisor in lieu of the required faculty letter.
- Non-Traditional Applicant – an applicant where at least one year has passed since obtaining the initial bachelor’s degree.
- This applicant may have completed additional academics possibly leading to another degree, or may have been away from academics for several years.
Your remaining letters can come from professors, advisors, research coordinators or preceptors, supervisors, coaches, mentors and personal and professional colleagues. Keep in mind, if you indicate in your application you have spent a significant amount of time with an individual, such as a physician or research mentor, it is advisable to have this individual submit a letter on your behalf.
- A physician letter is encouraged, but not required.
- A Pre-Health Advising Committee letter/packet may fulfill our letter requirements.
- Please note that our preference is for the committee letter to be appended with the individual letters submitted to the Pre-Health Office/Committee to support that letter.
Please check with your Pre-Health Advising Office on the format of their committee letter if you are not sure. If individual letters are not included with the committee letter, the applicant may wish to solicit individual letters in addition to the committee letter. Applicants may submit: – At least one committee letter, composite letter, or premedical advisor’s letter. OR – A minimum of three individual letters. There is no maximum letter limit, but we strongly encourage quality over quantity. If you are submitting individual letters of recommendation, two letters of recommendation should come from science faculty. Minimum number of letters: one committee packet or three individual letters. Maximum number of letters: five. The REGULAR MD PROGRAM requires one (1) packet from your pre-professional committee or three (3) letters from individuals who can properly evaluate your strengths as an applicant and future clinician.
In addition to our letter requirement, we will accept up to a total of 5 letters. If you choose to submit three (3) letters, we suggest you request two (2) letters from individuals who can evaluate your performance in science coursework or medical settings. The MD/PhD PROGRAM requires three (3) letters from individuals who served in an instructional or advisory capacity.
University of Colorado School of Medicine We require three to five letters, or a committee summary letter; letters can come from a faculty member, clinical experience, research experience, or a current job as the letter transmits cogent information about the applicant’s work. Obtaining a letter from the employer who you are working with during the application year is highly recommended.
Evidence of a successful engagement in a post-college experience is considered a valuable addition to other letters that also may be part of your file. Some colleges offer a pre-medical advising system and the committee writes letters for their students. A committee letter is sufficient to meet the medical school letter of recommendation requirements.
University of Connecticut School of Medicine Develop a list of recommenders who will be able to speak to applicants’ various strengths, capabilities and aptitudes from different standpoints. This includes academic, clinical, research and other professional areas. Students should particularly take note of the breadth, depth, and rigor expectations of their coursework and consider how their academic letters of recommendation speak to those areas. The University of Florida College of Medicine requires a minimum of 3 letters and we will accept up to 6 and no more, regardless of the AMCAS allowance. Please do not designate more than 6 letters to UF; only the first 6 will be included in your application for committee review.
- A specific distribution of recommenders is not required; however, the letters are a very important part of the application.
- Applicants are advised to select recommenders who can collectively best address in detail the range of competencies in all 4 categories outlined by the AAMC.
- A Pre-Health Advising Committee letter/packet will fulfill our letter requirements.
Please note that our preference is for the committee letter to be appended with the individual letters submitted to the Pre-Health Office/Committee to support that letter. University of Hawaii at Manoa John A. Burns School of Medicine A minimum of two letters of recommendation or a composite report from a Premed Committee are required. You may submit more, but for practical purposes you should not exceed five letters. The most useful letters are from faculty members. Outside of the classroom, useful letters are from those who have gotten to know you well and who have observed you in a health/clinical or research or community service/volunteer setting. Submit a minimum of three (3) letters of recommendation. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Carle Illinois College of Medicine A minimum of three individual letters of recommendation and a maximum of four letters of recommendation. OR A premedical committee report or other composite letter of recommendation from the applicant’s primary college or university. Regardless of length, applicants with a committee report or composite letter may optionally submit a single, additional letter of recommendation. Premedical committee evaluation. OR Three letters from instructors (any field of study) from whom the candidate has taken courses. One of the letters can be from a research mentor. These letters should critically evaluate the candidate’s academic ability, strengths and weaknesses, motivation for medicine, maturity, difficulty of course work, and special attributes/assets. Three letters of recommendation are required. You may provide a fourth letter from a person associated with a meaningful extracurricular experience. We encourage applicants to provide letters from a variety of individuals qualified to assess personal (as well as academic) qualities, such as work ethic, reliability, communication skills, leadership, altruism, compassion, and motivation for medicine.
Letters of recommendation from family members are discouraged. If you are currently enrolled in an academic program and your school issues a committee letter, that letter is required. If you are several years removed from college, you are strongly encouraged to provide letters from individuals with whom you have had meaningful recent experiences.
Options for letter submissions (choose one): Option 1: Individual Letters – Your letter writers may submit individual letters to AMCAS Letter Service. This selection requires 3 letters (2 academic and 1 non-academic), but no more than 4 total letters.
Option 2: Committee Letter – Your school may submit a committee letter or comprehensive report. If this includes fewer than 3 individual letters, you may also submit individual letter(s) not to exceed 4 total letters. Option 3: Packet of Letters – Your school may submit a packet of at least 3 individual letters.
If this includes fewer than 3 individual letters, you may also submit individual letter(s) not to exceed 4 total letters. University of Kansas School of Medicine Applicants must have between three and five letters of recommendation (five strongly recommended) submitted on their behalf. Applicants whose premedical advisor or advising committee writes one summary letter must have submitted between two and four additional letters of recommendation. The following letters will be considered as part of the application: Committee letter: If the applicant is an undergraduate student at a school that has a premedical committee, the applicant must use their recommendation process and forms. Letter packet: A premedical advisor may furnish a composite evaluation compiled from contributing faculty at the applicant’s school.
Individual letter: If there is no committee or advisor, the applicant is required to provide three letters of recommendation, at least one of the three recommendations from a faculty member in the major area of concentration and at least one from a science area. Applicants who have previously applied and supplied letters of evaluation must submit two new individual letters of evaluation with their revised and updated AMCAS application.
Submit no more than 5 letters. If your school attaches a committee letter, it counts as three letters. University of Louisville School of Medicine Each applicant is required to submit a pre-med advisory committee report. If your college/university does not have a pre-med committee, we require 3 academic letters of recommendation. These letters must be on college letterhead and specifically, they should be from 2 science professors and 1 non-science professor.
Candidates may submit two additional letters, ideally, from sources that speak to the candidate’s suitability for medicine. Non-traditional applicants or those that have been out of school for 2 or more years may substitute no more than 2 academic letters with employer letters from a direct supervisor, a letter from a research PI/supervisor or letters from a substantive volunteer environment.
University of Maryland School of Medicine The following policies and procedures apply: A letter of recommendation from the Premedical Advisory Committee or the official Premedical Advisor is required if your undergraduate school has such a Committee or Advisor. If you are unable to have this letter sent you should: – Write a letter to the Committee on Admissions explaining why you are unable to have this letter sent and; – Ask the Premedical Committee or advisor to write to the Committee on Admissions indicating that they will not be able to send an official letter.
All letters of recommendation must be written on official stationery and sent directly to AMCAS. If you have a recommender who does not write his/her letter on stationery we will still accept it as long as the letter comes from AMCAS. If your school does not have a Premedical Advisory Committee, your letters of recommendation must come from three of your undergraduate and/or graduate school faculty.
At least two letters must come from science faculty and one from non-science faculty. If you are not currently enrolled as an undergraduate student and are unable to submit a composite letter of recommendation, please arrange to have at least one letter sent from each component of your education (undergraduate and graduate) and major work experience to date. The UMass Medical School Admissions Committee will accept 3 to 6 letters. A composite premed committee letter is expected when a committee letter is available to you from your undergraduate institution. Applicants who do not submit a committee letter should explain in our secondary application why a committee letter was not provided.
Additional letters (see below) can be submitted. If a pre-med committee letter is not available at your institution, please submit letters from: Two biology, chemistry, biochemistry or physics professors. These individuals should know you well enough to comment on your personal attributes. Additional letters may be written by mentors, advisors and supervisors from academic, research, employment, volunteer and service opportunities.
If you are enrolled in or have completed a post baccalaureate or graduate program in biomedical sciences, a letter from the program director is expected in lieu of the undergraduate letter requirements. If you are applying to our MD/PhD program, please provide letters from a minimum of two most recent research supervisors for a maximum of five letters. The Committee on Admissions requires either a letter of evaluation from the premedical advisory committee at your school (greatly preferred), or three letters of recommendation from faculty members who can provide an evaluation both of your academic ability and of your personal qualifications for a career in medicine.
- Both issues should be addressed in all individual letters of recommendation.
- Individual faculty members should also indicate in what capacity they have known you, for how long they have known you, and how well they know you.
- It is also helpful if they describe how you compare with other candidates for whom they have written letters.
In addition to the letters described above, applicants may submit a maximum of two more letters to support their application. These letters may not be substituted for the required letters. Letters that can add substantially to the overall picture of you as a candidate for medical school are most desirable. A minimum of 3 letters of recommendation are required (or one committee letter that includes multiple letters) up to a maximum of 6 letters. Your recommenders can be any individuals who can objectively assess your personal qualities such as integrity and ethics; reliability and dependability; social, interpersonal and teamwork skills; resilience and adaptability; altruism; and a desire to learn. Recommendations should be requested from people who know you well and can evaluate you based on your demonstration of our Essential and Desired Qualities of an Ideal Medical Student. Example of letter writers can include a physician, your faculty, research or volunteer supervisor, employer or mentor.
For students applying to Duluth, an ideal mix of letters might be one from a science faculty person, one from a work/volunteer experiences supervisor, and one from a rural family medicine physician. Please note that we do not specifically require letters from any type of person and not every accepted student has this mix of letters.
The Twin Cities and Duluth admissions committees require either: – Three individual recommendations – Evaluation materials/packet from a structured university or college Pre-Medical Committee Occasionally, an applicant will want to submit a fourth or even a fifth letter of recommendation. Evaluations must be written by either faculty who taught the applicant, preferably courses used to satisfy admissions criteria, or faculty who supervised the applicant conducting research outside the classroom. A minimum of three faculty evaluation letters is required: however, one composite evaluation from a pre-professional advisory committee will suffice. Applicants should submit three letters of evaluation. Additional letters beyond the three required may be submitted to supplement or validate other aspects of your candidacy, but no more than six letters. Traditional Applicants: One letter from a professor who taught and issued the applicant a grade is required.
It is strongly recommended that the letter from a professor who issued a grade be from science faculty. Letters from teaching assistants will not satisfy this requirement. Applicants may submit a pre-med committee or composite letter in lieu of the three individual letters. Non-Traditional Applicants: If the applicant has completed an undergraduate degree before September 2019, please have three letters of evaluation sent from individuals who are familiar with the applicant’s recent scientific work, study experience or professional experience.
University of Missouri–Kansas City School of Medicine A minimum of three letters of recommendation is required. UMKC School of Medicine will accept committee letters completed by three of more individuals. University of Nebraska College of Medicine Two letters of recommendation from undergraduate faculty members are required; one in the Pre-medical science area. An official report of a pre-medical advisory committee will fulfill the two-letter requirement. Limit recommendation letters that you designate through AMCAS for release to UNMC to a total of four. University of Nevada, Reno School of Medicine UNR Med requires, and will review, three letters of evaluation. If more than three letters are submitted, the admissions committee reviewers may not read additional letters. One clinical evaluation, written by a physician (MD or DO), a Nurse Practitioner (NP) or a Physician Assistant (PA) who can evaluate, based upon direct observation, an applicant’s interactions within a clinical environment, pre-professional competencies, and passion for medicine.
One academic evaluation written by an instructor or faculty member with direct knowledge of your commitment to academic excellence and who can provide information about your thinking and reasoning skills as well as pre-professional competencies that directly impact academic performance. Your third required letter should be from someone who can offer a professional evaluation of how your pre-professional competencies, personal attributes, and life experiences have prepared you for success in medical school and as a physician.
We suggest a supervisor, research advisor, volunteer coordinator, clinical provider, or a faculty member. University of New Mexico School of Medicine The Committee on Admissions requires applicants to submit a minimum of three letters of recommendation, with a maximum of four, from individuals who know them well. These individuals should be chosen carefully by the applicant to honestly evaluate their abilities and their motivation for the practice of medicine.
It is suggested that applicants obtain letters from the following: – Two letters from professors/faculty instructors. – One letter from a clinician, such as a nurse or physician with whom you performed your clinical experience. – One letter from a person with whom you worked on a project (research mentor, program director, commanding officer or work supervisor).
Applicants who have been away from degree-granting academic programs for more than three years may elect to submit letters from individuals other than professors. University of North Carolina School of Medicine All applicants may submit up to three (3) additional letters, which must be submitted no later than October 1st. Suggestions for these additional letters are leaders with whom you have interacted closely in service, research, or healthcare training experiences.
We strongly encourage you to utilize this opportunity to garner additional letters. For applicants who are currently undergrads or have graduated fewer than two years ago: – We require at least two letters of recommendation from professors who know you well and have taught you in a formal classroom setting.
We suggest one of the two letters should be from a professor in your most recent major or degree-granting department, and the other may be from any professor of your choice. – OR- – If the undergraduate institution has a Pre-Health Committee, it would be preferable to have letters from this committee.
Please keep in mind that the individual letters should be included in the packet sent by the Pre-Health Committee. If your Pre-Health Committee does not include the individual letters, it will be your responsibility as the applicant to garner additional individual letters. For applicants who graduated undergrad more than two years ago: – Two letters of recommendation are required from mentors who know you well and have interacted with you in an academic setting.
This could be a professor with whom you have maintained regular contact, a research PI, or another advisor. These mentors should have recent knowledge of how you work in an academic setting. For applicants who have completed, or are currently completing, an advanced degree program or significant post-grad work experience: – For applicants who have advanced degrees or significant post-grad work (one year or more), two letters of recommendation are required from mentors who have interacted with you in an academic setting and know you well. UND SMHS requires three letters of recommendation. We suggest acquiring letters from a diverse group of people (college instructors, faculty, supervisors, etc.) who know you well and can address the personal characteristics noted in the section on Selection Criteria.
- Non-traditional applicants who have been out of school for a number of years may choose to include more letters from supervisors than faculty.
- Choose one of the following options to satisfy the letters of recommendation requirement: Option 1: Submit three Individual Letters of recommendation.
- If you submit more than three letters, only the first three will be forwarded to the Medical School Admissions Committee.
OR Option 2: A Committee Letter (which we count as equivalent to two letters of evaluation) and one Individual Letter of recommendation, which is not part of your Committee Letter. A Committee Letter, regardless of how many additional letters it contains, counts as two letters of recommendation.
- In order to meet the requirement of three letters of recommendation, you must submit one more individual letter.
- For many applicants, this final letter is from a supervisor.
- Option 3: A Letter Packet, which will account for all three letters of recommendation required.
- The Medical School Admissions Committee will only read the first three letters of a letter packet.
University of Oklahoma College of Medicine Either a premedical committee letter and one faculty letter or three faculty letters. Our definition of a faculty letter is one written by a college/university faculty member who has instructed you at the college/university level. Applicants currently enrolled in a graduate degree program are required to submit a letter from the program director or chair of the department which states the applicant is in good standing and that they are supportive of the application. Recommendation Letters: – 1 premed committee and 1 faculty letter. OR – 3 faculty letters. If you are enrolled in a graduate degree program, you must submit a letter from the program director or chair of the department stating you are in good standing and that they support your application to the program. University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Three recommendations at a minimum or a committee letter (no maximum). The committee letter should be buttressed with individual letters of recommendation. We prefer three letters of recommendation from professors or important mentors (such as research mentors). Letters of recommendation: two from professors in the major field, one from a professor in another department. University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry Letters of recommendation submitted on official letterhead may be a composite letter or pre-health advisory committee letter from your school, or a minimum of 3 individual letters. University of South Alabama College of Medicine Letters of Recommendation must meet the following criteria: A composite evaluation or letter packet prepared by the premedical committee of your undergraduate college is preferred. If your college has no such committee or system for providing a composite evaluation then you must submit five (5) letters of recommendation: – Three (3) letters of recommendation from faculty who have taught you – one letter must be from science faculty – Two (2) letters of recommendation from people who have known and observed you on a personal basis Graduate students enrolled in a degree-granting program must submit a letter of evaluation written by your major advisor or department chair containing the anticipated date of fulfilling your degree requirements.
All coursework must be completed prior to entering medical school. Consideration will be given to non-traditional applicants in the makeup of their letters who have not done any academic work for 5 or more years. Interested applicants should contact our office for more information If you are currently employed, we strongly encourage but do not require a letter of recommendation from your employer.
University of South Carolina School of Medicine You’ll need to submit three letters of recommendation with your AMCAS application. We highly recommend two of these be from faculty in the sciences, so that we may better understand your abilities in the basic sciences. University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville At least three letters of recommendation, with a maximum of five letters. If your undergraduate institution prepares a Premedical Advisory Committee letter, we will accept that to fulfill the minimum letter requirements. We do not have requirements for the types of letters you must submit.
Letters should be written by individuals who know you well: a faculty professor at your undergraduate institution; a physician with whom you have worked closely; a research mentor; or an employer. It is important to make sure that the individuals or premedical advisory committee members submitting letters on your behalf know you well and are able to comment on your work ethic, interpersonal and communication skills, attention to detail, passion for medicine and compassion for your future patients.
University of South Florida College of Medicine USF Health MCOM requires applicants submit two (2) letters of recommendation. While five (5) letters of recommendation are recommended, it is required that a minimum of two (2) letters come from science faculty who have taught you in a formal course: (a Teaching Assistant is not considered faculty.) Letters can originate from basic science faculty.
Science faculty includes but is not limited to: Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. Additional letters of recommendation can be non-science faculty letters or character letters from individuals who can speak of your abilities and attributes outside of an academic setting. Character letters should not be from a family member, peer or a relative.
Character letters should corroborate your experiences in AMCAS. They should include but are not limited to: Physicians you’ve shadowed, Research Mentors, Volunteer Coordinators/Supervisors, etc. Non-science faculty includes but is not limited to: Math, Psychology, English, Humanities, Anthropology, History, etc.
If your school has a Letter Packet that includes the letters, submit the pre-professional Letter Packet from your undergraduate institution directly to AMCAS. No further Letters of Recommendation are needed. If your school has a Committee Evaluation Letter, submit the pre-professional Committee Evaluation Letter from your undergraduate institution directly to AMCAS.
No further Letters of Recommendation are needed. University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine The Keck School of Medicine of USC participates in the AMCAS Letter of Recommendation Service. A committee letter is sufficient. Alternatively, 2 or 3 letters from professors, PI’s or work experience are acceptable. Do not send more than 3 letters! Applicants are required to send their letters through AMCAS. A recommendation from the official pre-professional Advisory Committee (where such a committee exists), or recommendation letters from three faculty members, is required. Additional recommendations may be submitted, although, they should number no more than three (3). University of Texas Medical Branch School of Medicine Medical applicants are required to submit: One Health Professions Committee Packet. OR Three individual letters of evaluation. University of Texas Rio Grande Valley School of Medicine A minimum of three evaluations or a Health Professions Advisory packet are required. Letters of reference from professors are preferred, however, letters from employment supervisors, physicians, other medical personnel or research mentors are acceptable as well. University of Texas Southwestern Medical School at Dallas Three or more letters of recommendation, including letters from all research mentors. University of Toledo College of Medicine A maximum of six (6) letters may be submitted. Premedical Advisory Committee, a letter packet, or individual letters from the college or university from which you will graduate or have recently graduated. Often letters are from three (3) faculty members with whom you have studied.
Meaningful letters are typically from individuals who can address features of your personality, history, and motivation in addition to your academic accomplishments. If you are not a recent college graduate, three (3) letters of recommendation are required and can be obtained from faculty from your former college/university or from someone who is familiar with your activities since leaving college such as a job supervisor or volunteer director.
University of Utah School of Medicine Three (3) letters of recommendation are required, but up to four (4) will be accepted. Premedical committee letters will not be accepted. Individual letters included in a premedical letter packet can be submitted towards your four (4) letters of recommendation.
It is recommended that applicants provide: – At least one (1) ACADEMIC letter where the letter writer can speak to the your academic ability and/or intellectual curiosity – At least one (1) MENTORING letter where the letter writer can speak to your commitment to service, leadership ability, growth as an individual, and/or interpersonal/teamwork skills.
University of Vermont College of Medicine We require a committee letter or a letter packet if your college or university provides it. These collective letters count as one letter in AMCAS and meet the entire requirement. If your school does not have an advisor or committee, you must provide three letters as follows: – Two letters from professors in the sciences with whom you have taken classes, and – One additional letter from a non-science professor with whom you have taken a class. The School of Medicine prefers a premedical advisor evaluation, or if this service is not available, a minimum of two letters, preferably from science professors or the equivalent. You may also have individual letters sent to AMCAS in addition to a premed advising evaluation. Submit a pre-medical committee evaluation and up to three additional letters, or submit a minimum of three and up to six letters from writers who can speak to one or more of the following: – Academic ability – Commitment to service – Leadership potential – Clinical or research experiences – Interpersonal skills – Interaction with patients – Ability to function on a team, and/or potential as a physician – Respect for others – Compassion – Maturity – Communication skills – Work ethic The collection of letters should provide a balanced and well-rounded view of your candidacy for medicine. One committee letter and one individual letter from a nonacademic source. -OR- One letter packet – This packet should include letters from three faculty members and a letter from a nonacademic source. A letter packet is a packet or set of letters assembled and distributed by an institution, often by the institution’s career center.
- OR- Four individual letters – Three academic letters of recommendation from faculty members and a fourth nonacademic letter from a mentor.
- An individual letter refers to a letter authored by, or representing, a single letter writer.
- If there is already a nonacademic letter included in either a committee letter or a letter packet, there is no need to add a separate AMCAS letter request entry for the nonacademic letter.
Academic letters may be from faculty members in any discipline. Nonacademic letters may be written by anyone an applicant considers to be a mentor who can attest to his/her personal qualities and characteristics. In the past, admitted applicants have had letters written by employers, volunteer coordinators, individuals they shadowed, and community leaders, to give a few examples. Medical applicants are required to submit: – One Health Professions Committee Packet. OR – Three individual letters of evaluation. UTHealth John P. and Katherine G. McGovern Medical School Medical applicants are required to submit: – One Health Professions Committee Packet. OR – Three individual letters of evaluation. Vanderbilt University School of Medicine A letter of evaluation or letter packet should be sent from your Premedical Committee. If your university does not have this committee, send three letters of evaluation. Vanderbilt University supports the movement for letters to cover the AAMC Guidelines and encourages applicants to solicit letters from evaluators who can address competencies. Applicants should submit a minimum of three letters of recommendation (maximum of five). A letter packet is assembled and distributed by your school. It may or may not include a cover letter from your pre-health advisor or committee, but it does not include a committee evaluation.
If the letter packet contains at least three individual letters, it will fulfill our requirements. However, if the letter packet includes fewer than three individual letters, you will need to submit additional individual letters to meet our minimum requirement of three letters. If you have taken time off between college and medical school, you should also send a letter of evaluation from a person who can comment about experiences during that period.
If there are special circumstances or potential concerns raised within your application (ex: lower grades one semester, compelling reason for withdrawal from a class, minor institutional action), consider securing a letter that could validate or clarify the situation. We require a minimum of three letters but recommend four to seven. At least one recommendation should come from a science or math faculty member. Letters from a medical professional and a research mentor are strongly recommended. A pre-health advisor letter packet and/or committee letter may also be submitted. Wake Forest School of Medicine The Committee on Admissions prefers a Premedical Committee report or letter packet. While the Medical School Admissions Requirements (MSAR) lists 6 as the maximum number of letters we accept, your file is marked as complete once your letter packet/committee letter or two letters of recommendation are received. Washington State University Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine If your premedical advising office provides a committee letter compiling feedback from multiple sources, this committee letter will meet the required letters of evaluation. If you do not have access to a premedical advising office, three individual letters will meet the letter requirement. Letters should come from three instructors at a college or university you attended who know you well enough to write on your behalf. At least one should be from an individual who has taught you in the sciences. These recommenders should be asked to provide an in-depth evaluation of your accomplishments, skills, talents and character rather than mere recapitulations of your academic achievement or course grades.
- Letters may also come from research mentors.
- If you have had a particularly significant extracurricular or postgraduate experience, you may also invite mentors or supervisors from this experience to submit a letter of evaluation.
- You are permitted to submit a letter prepared by a premedical advisor or committee, either in addition to individual letters, or as a substitute for them if this is the typical practice at your school.
Wayne State University School of Medicine Submit a statement from the pre-medical advisory committee at your college or university, or three letters of recommendation — with at least two from faculty members. One letter must have been written within the past 12 months. If you are in a postbaccalaureate or graduate program, we strongly encourage you to submit at least one letter from your program. If your college has a preprofessional advisory committee, you must either submit a letter from this committee or inform us in writing why you cannot obtain a committee letter. If your college does not have such a committee, we require two letters of evaluation from those who know you well and can discuss your capabilities, accomplishments and character. – A committee letter provided by your undergraduate institution OR – a minimum of 3 letters of recommendation of your choice Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine Applicants must submit a minimum of three and no more than four letters of reference through the AMCAS Letters Service. Letters must come from individuals with firsthand knowledge of the applicant’s qualifications, skills, attributes and values by direct observation and who can comment on academic achievement as well as personal qualities including work ethic and motivation for a medical career.
Two of the letters are recommended to be from faculty members who have been the applicant’s undergraduate or graduate instructors or mentors, or employment supervisors in the case of non-traditional applicants. If students apply from a university that provides a composite letter from a premedical advisory program, the composite letter will be accepted in lieu of the two letters recommended from faculty.
Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine We prefer to receive a letter of recommendation from the premedical advisory committee at your college or university. If your school does not have such a committee, you may substitute letters from three faculty members who had you in class, including at least two letters from science faculty.
For non-traditional applicants or anyone who cannot meet the letters of recommendation standards listed above, choose someone who you feel can best attest to your ability to meet the required competencies for medical school. The minimum number of letters is three; the maximum number of letters is five.
Yale School of Medicine A Premedical Committee letter is recommended for all MD and MD/PhD candidates. If your school does not have a Premedical Committee, you may submit at least three individual letters of recommendation. These letters should come from individuals who are in a position to comment knowledgeably on your accomplishments, abilities, experience, and/or personal qualifications.
They may come from those who have taught you or worked with you in undergraduate or graduate school classes, in research settings, clinical settings, extracurricular or community service activities, professional settings, or other contexts. It is helpful to have at least one of the letters from someone in the sciences, but this is not mandatory.
What is important is that the letters provide information and support that will be informative and helpful to the Admissions Committee, supplementing the information that appears elsewhere in your application.
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